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June 1

1836 — A Jesuit Catholic mission is founded among the Kickapoos. "The mission is on Salt Creek, just west of the Missouri River and five miles from Fort Leavenworth."

1937 - The first full weekend of June is when the Flint Hills Rodeo, is held in Strong City, Kansas. The Rodeo is the oldest consecutive professional Rodeo in Kansas. This Rodeo was founded in 1937 by members of the E.C. Roberts family. 


June 2

1825 - Treaty with the Osage in St. Louis, Mo. "Articles of a treaty made and concluded at St. Louis, in the State of Missouri, between William Clark, Superintendent of Indian Affairs, Commissioner on the part of the United States, and the undersigned, Chiefs, Head-Men, and Warriors, of the Great and Little Osage Tribes of Indians, duly authorized and empowered by their respective Tribes or Nations."

1856 - John Brown and 29 others met Henry Pate and fought the battle of Black Jack (Black Jack is an unincorporated town located on the Santa Fe Trail in Douglas County). 


June 3

1825 - 20 million acres (81000 km2) of land ceded by the Kansa and Osage Nations to the United States.  The Kansa tribe is thereafter limited to a specific reservation in northeast Kansas. 

1861 - First Kansas regiment called to duty in the American Civil War.


June 4

1856 – The Battle of Franklin occurs near Lawrence. 


June 5

1846 — The United States granted to the Pottawatomies a tract of land containing 576,000 acres, being thirty miles square, and being the eastern part of the lands ceded to the United States by the Kansas tribe of Indians, January 14, 1846, adjoining the Shawnees on the south, and the Delawares and Shawnees on the east, on both sides of the Kansas river. 


June 6

1865 – After a battle with Unionist irregular forces in May, William Quantrill was shot through the spine. He died at the military prison in Louisville, Kentucky, on June 6, 1865. 


June 7

1836 — The western boundary of Missouri was a line drawn north and south from the mouth of the Kansas River. In 1836, on June 7, Congress passed an act by which the "Platte Purchase" was added to Missouri. The eastern boundary of this triangle was formed by a line drawn north from the mouth of the Kaw River; the western boundary was the Missouri River. This tract of land became slave territory, in violation of the Missouri Compromise.




June 8



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June 10

1842 - At this time the Government decided to send out another exploration under Lieutenant John C. Fremont. He entered Kansas in 1842, completing his outfit at the trading post of Cyprian Chouteau in Wyandotte County on June 10. With Kit Carson as a guide, Fremont proceeded to explore the Kansas and Platte Rivers, and to survey the South Pass of the Oregon Trail, thereby winning the title of "Pathfinder." He followed this exploration with three more, in 1843, 1845, and 1848. Accounts of these expeditions were published immediately by the Government to direct attention to the West, and in this, they were highly successful.

1854 - Missourians meet at Salt Creek Valley, a trading post three miles (5 km) west of Fort Leavenworth, at which a "Squatter's Claim Association" is organized. 


June 11



June 12

1806 - Before the conclusion of the Lewis and Clarke expedition, a second was organized by the military commandant of Louisiana, General James Wilkinson, and set out from St. Louis on June 24, 1806, under the command of Captain Zebulon M. Pike. He visited the Osage in Missouri and the Pawnee on the Republican, arriving among the latter on September 25. 


June 13

1854 – Missourians from Weston, Missouri, and some residents of Fort Leavenworth, in Kansas Territory, form the Leavenworth Town Company and found the first official city in Kansas, just south of the fort. 


June 14



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June 16

1858 - Lincoln's "House Divided Speech" "Former U.S. Representative Abraham Lincoln accepts the Republican Party's nomination for an Illinois seat in the United States Senate. The speech, which he delivers at the Illinois State Capitol building in Springfield, decries the nation's growing disunion over the slavery issue."  


June 17



June 18

1848 - The battle of Coon Creek was fought on June 18, 1848, between some 200 Comanches and Osages and 140 soldiers, half of whom were recruits bound for service in the Mexican War. This was near Kinsley (Edwards County), Kansas. 


June 19



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June 22



June 23

1601 – Juan de Onate’s expedition to Quivira

1846 - Brigadier General Stephen W. Kearny and his Army of the West, departed Fort Leavenworth and headed toward Santa Fe. They were ordered by President James K. Polk to extend his conquest of New Mexico to California. This provided an opportunity for an original exploration and creation of a new cartographic representation of this area. 

1853 - Lieutenant John W. Gunnison accompanied by a topographer, geologist, botanist, and an astronomer, departed Fort Leavenworth to explore a possible central route to California lying between the 38th and 39th parallels of latitude. This route cut across what is now central Kansas, Colorado, Utah, and Nevada.


June 24



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June 26

1804 - Lewis and Clark landed at the mouth of the Kansas River on the first lap of their expedition. By July 4 they had reached a stream in the present Doniphan County, which they named "Independence Creek" in honor of the day, firing an evening gun and rationing out an additional gill of whiskey by way of celebration. Two years later. 

1844 — Col. Stephen W. Kearny marches from Fort Leavenworth for New Mexico. 

1849 - Fort Laramie, established by a fur company, is transferred to the United States.

June 27



June 28



June 29

1854 - Andrew H. Reeder of Pennsylvania was named the first Territorial Governor on June 29, 1854, and was inaugurated at Fort Leavenworth on October 7. Under his administration, the pro-slavery party, aided by sympathizers from Missouri, gained ascendancy. At the election of a delegate to Congress on November 29, 1854, Missouri voters dominated the polls; and, at the election of the Territorial legislature on March 30, 1855, abuses were even more flagrant. Four to five thousand armed men from Missouri, inflamed by the speeches of the Southern agitators, Senator David R. Atchison and General B. F. Stringfellow, appeared at the voting places, where they brow-beat judges, stuffed ballot boxes, and otherwise transformed the election into a grim farce. Many of the members elected were residents of Missouri, yet Governor Reeder, under threat of his life, was obliged to issue election certificates. Because of the illegality of the election, the body was dubbed the "bogus legislature," by which term it has since been known. 


June 30

1834 — Congress enacts that all that part of the United States west of the Mississippi, and not within the States of Missouri and Louisiana or the Territory of Arkansas, shall be taken for the purpose of the act to be Indian country, and certain regulations are prescribed for its government. So many of the laws of the United States as provide for the punishment of crime committed in any place within the exclusive jurisdiction of the United States are declared to be in force in it, with the proviso that the same shall not extend to crime committed by one Indian against the person or property of another Indian. For the purpose of carrying this act into effect, all that part of the Indian country west of the Mississippi River that is bounded north by the north line of lands assigned to the Osage tribe of Indians, produced east to the State of Missouri, west by the Mexican possessions, south by Red river, and east by the west line of the Territory of Arkansas, is annexed to the Territory of Arkansas; and the residue of the Indian country west of the Mississippi is annexed to the judicial district of Missouri. 

1843 - On June 30th, near the present-day city of Larned in central Kansas, dragoons, under the command of Capt. P. St. George Cooke, spotted what they believed to be Snively’s armed band across the Arkansas River in a dense copse of trees known as Jackson Grove. Four companies of the 1st Regiment of Dragoons splashed across the Arkansas River, unlimbered their artillery, and formed a line of battle, with sabers drawn and howitzers prepared to fire on the Texian position. “Gentlemen, you are in the United States— lay down your arms,” demanded the dragoon captain.