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[Clark, August 1, 1804]
 August the 1st 1804 a fair morning, Sent out two men after the horses &
 one back to examine if the Indians have been there, ____ Beever Cought
 last night, the air is Cool and pleasing
 Prepared the Pipe of Peace verry flashey. wind rose at 10 oClock and
 blowed from the W. S. W. very pleasent all day Several men geathering
 grapes &c. two men after the horses which Strayed the night before
 last. those Praries produce the Blue Current Common in the U. S. the
 Goose Berry Common in the U. S, two Kind of Honeysuckle, the Bush which
 I have Seen in Kentucky, with a paile Pink flower, also one which grow
 in Clusters about 4 or 5 feet high bearing a Short flour in clusters of
 the like Colour. the leaves Single. 3 Deer & an Elk Killed to day. This
 being my birth day I order'd a Saddle of fat Vennison, an Elk fleece &
 a Bevertail to be cooked and a Desert of Cheries, Plumbs, Raspberries
 Currents and grapes of a Supr. quallity. The Indians not yet arrived. a
 Cool fine eveninge Musquetors verry troublesom, the Praries Contain
 Cheres, Apple, Grapes, Currents, Rasp burry, Gooseberris Hastlenuts and
 a great Variety of Plants & flours not Common to the U S. What a field
 for a Botents and a natirless
 [Clark, August 1, 1804]
 August the 1st 1804 a fair morning Despatched two men after the horses
 lost yesterday, one man back to the place from which the messinger was
 Sent for the Ottoes to See if any Indians was or had been there Since
 our deptr. he return'd and informed that no person had been there Sence
 we left it. The Prarie which is Situated below our Camp is above the
 high water leavel and rich Covered with Grass from 5 to 8 feet high
 intersperced with Copse of Hazel, Plumbs, Currents (like those of the
 U.S.) Rasberries & Grapes of Dift. Kinds. also produceing a Variety of
 Plants and flowers not Common in the United States, two Kind of honey
 Suckle one which grows to a kind of a Srub. Common about Harrods burgh
 in Kentucky the other are not So large or tall and bears a flower in
 Clusters Short and of a light Pink Colour, the leaves differ from any
 of the othe Kind in as much as the Lieves are Distinkd & does not
 Surround the Stalk as all the other Kind does one Elk and three Deer
 Killed to day also two Beever Cought
 The wind rose at 10 oClock from the W. S. W. and blew a Steedy and
 agreeable Breeze all Day.
 The Musqutors verry troublesom this evening in the bottoms.
 Took equal altitudes to day and the azmuth with the Commencement of the
 [Clark, August 2, 1804]
 August 2nd 1804 wind from the SE G. Drewery returned with the horses &
 one Doe Elk the countrey thro which he passed is like what we See from
 the Bluff above Camp three men out Hunting one Beaver caught this
 at Sunset 6 chiefs and their warries of the Ottos, and Missoures, with
 a french man by the name of Far fonge, we Shook hands and gave them
 Some Tobacco & Provisions, they Sent us Water Millions Three verry
 large & fat Bucks Killed to day the wind Continue hard from the S. E.-
 the 4 qtr. of one Buck weigh'd 147 wt 11/2 Inch fat on the ribs
 [Clark, August 2, 1804]
 August 2nd Thursday 1804
 A verry pleasent Breeze from the S. E. The Two men Drewyer & Colter
 returned with the horses loaded with Elk, those horses they found about
 12 miles in a Southerly Derection from Camp.
 The Countrey thro which they passed is Similar to what we See from
 Camp. one Beaver & a foot of Beaver caught in trap Cought this morning
 at Sunset Mr. Fairfong and a pt. of Otteau & Missourie Nation Came to
 Camp, among those Indians 6 were Chiefs, the principal Chiefs Capt.
 Lewis & myself met those Indians & informed them we were glad to See
 them, and would Speak to them tomorrow, Sent them Som rosted meat Pork
 flour & meal, in return they Sent us Water millions. every man on his
 Guard & ready for any thing Three fat Bucks Killed this evening the 4
 qtrs. of one weighed 147 lbs.
 [Lewis, August 2, 1804]
 August 2ed 1804.
 This day one of our Hunters brought me a white Heron. this bird as an
 inhabitant of ponds and Marasses, and feeds upon tadpoles, frogs, small
 fish &c--they are common to the Mississipi and the lower part of the
 ohio River, (ie) as high as the falls of that river.
 this bird weighed two lbs.--it's plumage is perfectly white and very
 F I.
 from extremity of beak to the extremity of toe 4 71/4
 from tipp to tip of wing on the back 4 11
 it's beak is yellow pointed, flated crosswise and 5 Inches in length
 from the upper region of the bill to the eye is one inch in length,
 covered with a smoth yellow skin the plumage of the head projecting
 towards the upper bill and coming to a point a an Inch beyond the eyes
 on the center of the upper bill. The mouth opens to distance of the
 eyes--The eye is full and projecting reather, it is 7/10 of half an
 inch. four joints in the wing
 1st joint from body in length 6
 2ed Do. 81/4
 3rd Do. 31/2
 4th Do. 1
 1st joint Number of feathers 7 Length of 3
 2nd 18 6
 3 6 from 10 to 12
 4th 5 12
 it's legs are black--the neck and beak occupy 1/2 it's length. it has
 four toes on a foot--the outer toe on the right foot is from the
 joining of the leg to extremity of toe nale 4 Inch & 1/4 has four
 joints exclusive of the nail joint--the next is 43/4 inches has three
 joints exclusive of the nale joint. the next is 33/4 and has two
 joints, the heel toe has one joint only and is 3 Inches in length. the
 nails are long sharp and black--the eye is of a deep seagreen colour,
 with a circle of of pale yellow around the sight forming a border to
 the outer part of the eye of about half the width of the whole eye. the
 tale has 12 feathers of six inches in length.--the wings when folded
 are the same length with the tale.
 has 2 remarkable tufts of long feathers on each side joining the body
 at the upper joint of the wing. these cover the feathers of the 1st
 joint of the wings when they are over extended
 [Clark, August 3, 1804]
 August 3rd Friday prepare a Small preasent for those Indians and hold a
 Councul Delivered a Speech & made 8 6 chief... gave a fiew preasents
 and, a Smoke a Dram, Some Powder & Ball--the man we Sent not yet come
 up, Those people express great Satisfaction at the Speech Delivered
 they are no Oreters, big, open Counternances, ottoes large Missor Small
 at 4 oClock Set out under a gentle Breeze from the S. E proceeded on N.
 5° E 5 Ms. Passed a Pt. on the S. S. and round a large Sand bar on the L.
 S. and Camped above, below a great number of Snags quit across the
 river, The Musquitors more numerous than I ever Saw them, all in
 Spirrits, we had Some rough Convasation G. Dr. about boys.
 The Osage & Kansies are the Same language
 the Ottoes & Mahars Speek many words of the Osarge language
 The Ottos, Aiaways, & Missouries Speake the Same language the Panies &
 Recreries Speak the Same language also the Loups & repub. the Mahar, &
 Poncarar the Same Language The Cheaun, Mandin & Grovanter the Same The
 Probibility is that those defferant tribes have once formed 3 great
 nats. Viz: the Missouries, Osarge, Kanzes, Ottoes, Mahars, & Poncaras &
 Aiauaies one nation.
 The Panies, Loups, Republican, Recrerees the 2nd
 The Mandans Cheeons, & Grovanters the 3rd The tribes of the Soux all
 retain the name 4th
 It is possible that the, Mahar & Poncarear may have been a Distinct
 nation, as they only Speek Some words of the osage which have the Same
 Signification 25 Days to St Ta fee S. of W. Cross the heads of
 Arkansies around the head of Kanzies River after Delivering a Speech
 informing thos Children of ours of the Change which had taken place,
 the wishes of our government to Cultivate friendship & good
 understanding, the method of have good advice & Some Directions, we
 made 1 Great Chief to the who was not present, to whom we adresed the
 Speech & Sent Some presents or Meadels & flag, we made 2 Second Chiefs
 one for the Missouris & another for the Ottos (those two tribes are
 nearly equal 1'70 each) and 4 principal men, to thos principal men to
 thos we gave a Small Comtn. to each man to whom we gave authority, a
 preasn of Br. Ch. Gart. g. Paint & a med. or Contn a Small Corns. was
 delivered for the whole each Chief & principal man delivered a Speech
 acknowledging ther approbation to what they had heard and promised to
 prosue the good advice and Caustion, they were happy w new fathers who
 gave good advice & to be Depended on all Concluded by asking a little
 Powder & a Drop of Milk.
 I answered those Speeches gave them 50 balls one Canister of Powder & a
 Dram--after Cap Lewis Shot his air gun a few times which astonished the
 nativs, we Set Sail. recved from thos people water millions & The
 Cheifs & Principal men of the Ottoes & Missouris made by M L. & W C the
 3rd August 1804
 Viz. Indian Names Tribe English
 1. We-ar-ruge-nor Ottoe Little Thief
 2. Shingo-ton go Otto Big horse
 We tha a Missourie Hospatallity
 3. Wau-pe-ur Miss.
 Au-ho-ning ga M
 Ba Za con ja Ottoe
 Au-ho-ne-ga Miss.
 from this place I am told by Mr. Faufong the interpeter that it will
 take a man 25 Days to go to St. a fee pass, the heads of Arkansas,
 round the Kansas head, across Some mountains from the top of which the
 City may be Seen the Spaniards have envited those Indians & the Panies
 to trade with them & Some french & a few indians are gorn from the
 Panias to that City this Summer-
 The Situation of this place which we Call Council Bluff which is
 handsom ellevated a Spot well Calculated for a Tradeing establishment,
 the Bank high & leavel on top well Calculated for a fort to Command the
 Countrey and river the low bottom above high water & well Situated
 under the Command of the Hill for Houses to trade with the Natives a
 butifull Plain both abov and below at no other bend on either Side does
 the High land touch the river for Some distance up, as I am told.
 those Bluffs afford good Clay for Brick, a great quantity on the 3
 points one Opsd. one abov &one below.--the Situation I am informed is,
 within 1 Days march of the Ottoes, 11/2 of the Panias, 2 of the Mahars,
 & 21/2 of the Loups Villages, also Convenient to the roveing Bands of
 Soux, Those people are now at war with each other, an establishment
 here would bring about peace and be the means of Keeping of it.
 Augt. 3d Camped on the upper point of a large Sand bar L. S. Misquters
 verry bad. Some place near Conncill Bluff will be the most proper place
 for a tradeing establishment, for maney of the nations, the distance is
 to the Ottoes one Days, Ponies 11/2 days, to the Mahar, 2 days, to
 Loups 2 Days & a half 16 or 1800 men-and convenient for Some bands of
 the Sues,
 [Clark, August 3, 1804]
 August 3rd, Friday 1804
 made up a Small preasent for those people in perpotion to their
 Consiqunce. also a package with a meadile to accompany a Speech for the
 Grand Chief after Brackfast we Collected those Indians under an orning
 of our Main Sail, in presence of our Party paraded & Delivered a long
 Speech to them expressive of our journey the wirkes of our Government,
 Some advice to them and Directions how They were to Conduct themselves,
 the princapal Chief for the nation being absente we sent him the Speech
 flag Meadel & Some Cloathes. after hering what they had to say
 Delivered a medal of Second Grade to one for the Ottos & and one for
 the Missourie present and 4 medals of a third Grade to the inferior
 Chief two for each tribe. Those two parts of nations, Ottos &
 Missouries now residing together is about 250 men are the Ottoes
 Composeing 2/3d and Missourie 1/3 part
 The names of the Chiefs we acknowledged Made this day are as follows Viz
 Indian name English signftn.
 1st We ar ruge nor Ottoe Called Little Theif
 2 Shon go ton go " " Big Horse
 We the a Miss. " Hospatality
 Shon Guss Con Ottoe " White horse
 Wau pe uh M.
 Ah ho ning ga M.
 Baza cou ja Ottoe
 Ah ho ne ga M.
 Those Chiefs all Delivered a Speech acknowledgeing Their approbation to
 the Speech and promissing to prosue the advice & Derictions given them
 that they wer happy to find that they had fathers which might be
 depended on &c.
 We gave them a Cannister of Powder and a Bottle of whiskey and
 delivered a few presents to the whole after giveing a Br. Cth. Some
 Paint guartering & a Meadele to those we made Cheifs after Capt Lewis's
 Shooting the air gun a feiw Shots (which astonished those nativs) we
 Set out and proceeded on five miles on a Direct line passed a point on
 the S. S. & round a large Sand bar on the L. S. & Camped on the upper
 point. The Misquitors excessively troublesom this evening Great
 appearance of wind and rain to the N. W. we prepare to rec've it--The
 man Liberty whome we Sent for the Ottoes has not Come up he left the
 Ottoes Town one Day before the Indians. This man has eithered tired his
 horse or, lost himself in the Plains Some Indians are to hunt for him,
 The Situation of our last Camp Councill Bluff or Handssom Prarie
 appears to be a verry proper place for a Tradeing establishment &
 fortification The Soil of the Bluff well adapted for Brick, Great deel
 of timbers abov in the two Points. many other advantages of a Small
 nature. and I am told Senteral to Several nations Viz. one Days march
 from the Ottoe Town, one Day & a half from the great Pania village, 2
 days from the Mahar Towns, two 1/4 Days from the Loups Village, &
 Convenient to the Countrey thro which Bands of the Soux hunt. perhaps
 no other Situation is as well Calculated for a Tradeing establishment.
 The air is pure and helthy So far as we can judge.-
 [Clark, August 4, 1804]
 August 4th at 7 oClock the heavens darkened and a violent wind from the
 N W. Suckceeded which lasted about an hour, with a little rain.
 Set out this morning early thro a narrow part of the, the whole Channel
 Confined in Some parts between the (1) Sand on one Side & the bank on
 the other (which is washing in) within 200 yards, this Chanl. Crouded
 with Snags. at 11/2 m. passed an old tradeing house L. S. where one of
 our Crew passed 2 years P. C tradeing with the Mahar; & Ponies-above 1
 me. a (3) Creek Coms in opsd. a large bad (2) Sand bar this (3) Creek
 is the outlett of 3 ponds, which recved ther water from the Smaller
 Streams running from the hills on the L. S, Great qts. of Gees, passed
 in the next bend L. S. an out let to the Pond, Butifull bottom Prarie
 on both Sides of the river, Pumey Stone is found on the Sides of the
 river of various Sizes. Wind a head. Reed the man who went back to the
 Camp of last night for his Knife has not Come up this evening-we Camped
 at a pt. on the L. S. at a Beaver house. 1 Buck Killed to daye.
 [Clark, August 4, 1804]
 August 4th Satturdaye
 Set out early--(at 7 oClock last night we had a Violent wind from the N
 W Som little rain Succeeded, the wind lasted with violence for one hour
 after the wind it was clear Sereen and Cool all night.) proceeded on
 passed thro betwen Snags which was quit across the Rivr the Channel
 Confined within 200 yards one Side a Sand pt. S S. the other a Bend,
 the Banks washing away & trees falling in constantly for 1 mile, abov
 this place is the remains of an old Tradeing establishment L. S. where
 Petr. Crusett one of our hands Stayed two years & traded with the
 Mahars a Short distance above is a Creek (3) the out let of Three Ponds
 comunicateing with each other, those Ponds or rether Lakes are fed by
 Springs & Small runs from the hills. (2) a large Sand Island opposit
 this Creek makeing out from the L. Point, from the Camp of last night
 to this Creek, the river has latterly Changed its bed incroaching on
 the L. Side, in this Sand bar I Saw great Nos. of wild gees--passed a
 Small Creek on the L. S about 3 miles above the last both of those
 Creek's are out lets from the Small Lake which reive their water from
 the Small Streems running from the high land--great many Pamey Stones
 on the Shore of various Sises the wind blew hard--Reed a man who went
 back to Camp for his knife has not joined us. we camped at a Beaver
 house on the L. Buck Killed to day-
 [Clark, August 5, 1804]
 August 5th Set out early wind from N E. Great appearance of Wind &
 rain, (I have remarked that I have not heard much thunder in this
 Countrey) a verry large Snake was Killed to day called the Bull Snake,
 his Colour Some thing like a rattle Snake Something lighter--the bends
 of the river to day is washing away the banks, haveing nothing to
 oppose the turbelance of the river when Confined by large hard Sand
 Points, forceing this Current against the bends--the Soil of the entire
 bottom between the high land, being the mud or Ooze of the river of
 Some former period mixed with Sand & Clay easely melts and Slips, or
 washies into the river the mud mixes with the water & the Sand collects
 on the points Camped on the S. S.--I went on Shore S. S. this evening
 Saw Some turkeys and in persueing them Struk the river 12 miles below
 the place by water I went out, I think the Peninsuly is about 370 yards
 across Subjuct to overflow; & washes into numerous Channels, Great
 quantities of Graps ripe & of three Defferent Kind Some large & fine. I
 Killed a Turkey, and made Camp in the Night, Musqutors verry
 troubleson--Reed the man who went back for his Knife has not yet joined
 [Clark, August 5, 1804]
 5th of August Sunday 1804
 Set out early great appearance of wind and rain (I have observed that
 Thundor & lightning is not as common in this Countrey as it is in the
 atlantic States) Snakes are not plenty, one was killed to day large and
 resembling the rattle Snake only Something lighter-. I walked on Shore
 this evening S. S. in Pursueing Some Turkeys I struck the river twelve
 miles below within 370 yards, the high water passes thro this
 Peninsulia; and agreeable to the Customary Changes of the river I
 Concld. that in two years the main Current of the river will pass
 through. In every bend the banks are falling in from the Current being
 thrown against those bends by the Sand points which inlarges and the
 Soil I believe from unquestionable appearns. of the entire bottom from
 one hill to the other being the mud or ooze of the River at Some former
 Period mixed with Sand and Clay easily melts and Slips into the River,
 and the mud mixes with the water & the Sand is washed down and lodges
 on the points--Great quantites of Grapes on the banks, I observe three
 different Kinds at this time ripe, one Of the no. is large & has the
 flaver of the Purple grape. camped on the S. S. the Musquitors verry
 troubleson. The man who went back after his Knife has not yet come up,
 we have Some reasons to believe he has Deserted
 [Lewis, August 5, 1804]
 August 5th 1804
 Killed a serpent on the bank of the river adjoining a large prarie.
 F Inch
 Length from nose to tail 5 2
 Circumpherence in largest part-- 41/2
 Number of scuta on belly--221
 Do. on Tale--53
 No pison teeth therefore think him perfectly inocent--eyes, center
 black with a border of pale brown yellow Colour of skin on head
 yellowish green with black specks on the extremity of the scuta which
 are pointed or triangular colour of back, transverse stripes of black
 and dark brown of an inch in width, succeeded by a yellowish brown of
 half that width the end of the tale hard and pointed like a cock's spur
 the sides are speckled with yellowish brown and black.--two roes of
 black spots on a lite yellow ground pass throughout his whole length on
 the upper points of the scuta of the belly and tale 1/2 Inch apart this
 snake is vulgarly called the cow or bull snake from a bellowing nois
 which it is said sometimes to make resembling that anamal, tho as to
 this fact I am unable to attest it never having heard them make that or
 any other noise myself.
 I have frequently observed an acquatic bird in the cours of asscending
 this river but have never been able to procure one before today, this
 day I was so fortunate as to kill two of them, they are here more
 plenty than on the river below. they lay their eggs on the sand bars
 without shelter or nest, and produce their young from the 15th to the
 last of June, the young ones of which we caught several are covered
 with down of a yellowish white colour and on the back some small specks
 of a dark brown. they bear a great resemblance to the young quale of
 ten days oald, and apear like them to be able to runabout and peck
 their food as soon as they are hatched--this bird, lives on small fish,
 worms and bugs which it takes on the virge of the water it is seldom
 seen to light on trees an quite as seldom do they lite in the water and
 swim tho the foot would indicate that they did it's being webbed I
 believe them to be a native of this country and probly a constant
 the weight of the male bird is one ounce and a half, its length from
 beak to toe 71/2 inches from tip to tip of wing across the back one
 foot seven inches and a half the beak is one 1/8 inch lonong, large
 where it joins the head Elated on the sides and tapering to a sharp
 point, a little declining and curvated, a fine yellow, with a shade of
 black on the extremity of upper beak; the eye is prominent, black and
 on a angular scale of 1/2 Inc; occupyse 3 1/3 in width. the upper part
 of the head is black from the beak as low as the middle of the eye and
 a little below the joining of the neck except however some white which
 joins the upper part of the beak which forks and passing over the sides
 of the forehead terminate above each eye--the under part of the bird,
 that is the throat and cheeks as high as the eye, the neck brest belly
 and under part of the wings and tail are of a fine white, the upper
 part of the neck, back, and wings are of a fine, quaker colour, or
 bright dove colour with reather more of a bluish tint-except however
 the three first or larger feathers in the wing which on upper side are
 of a deep black. the wing has four joints
 No. Joint
 Length of joint
 No. of feathers
 Length of do.
 a Clump of feathers not strong but loosly connect with the flesh of the
 from 21/2 to 41/2
 the tail has eleven feathers the outer of which are an inch longer than
 those in the center gradually tapering inwards which gives the tale a
 forked appearance like that of the swally the largest or outer feather
 is 23/4 that of the shortest 13/4--the leg and thye are three inches
 long the leg occupying one half this length the thye is covered with
 feathers except about 1/4 of an inch above the knee the leg is of a
 bright yellow and nails long sharp and black the foot is webbed and has
 three toes forward; the heel or back toe is fixed to the leg above the
 palm of the foot, and is unconnected by a web to the other toes, it has
 no nail. the wings when foalded lap like those of the swallow and
 extend at least an inch and a half beyond the tale. this bird is very
 noysey when flying which is dose exttreemly swift the motion of the
 wing is much like that of kildee it has two notes one like the squaking
 of a small pig only on reather a high kee, and the other kit'-tee'-
 kit'-tee'--as near as letters can express the sound--the beak of the
 female is black and the black and quaker colour of the male in her is
 yellowish brown mixed with dove colour
 [Clark, August 6, 1804]
 August 6th Monday 1804 at 12 oClock last night a Violent Storm of wind
 & rain from the N. W. one perogue (Bapteest Le joness Patroon) lost her
 Colours Set out early & proceeded on passed a large Island on the S. S.
 back of this Island Rivie de Soldiert Come in on the S. S.--the
 Solder's River is about the Sise of Nodaway 20 yd. wide at the mouth,
 passed two remarkable places, where the River had once Passed--We have
 every reason to belive that one man has Deserted Moses B. Reed he has
 been absent three Days and one french man we Sent to the Indian Camps
 has not joined us, we have reasons to beleve he lost himself in
 attempting to join us at the Council Bluff--we are deturmind to Send
 back 4 men to take reede Dead or alive, also hunt La Liberty and to
 meet us at the Mahar nation as Soon as the order is executed.
 [Clark, August 6, 1804]
 6th August, Monday 1804
 At 12 oClock last nigh a violent Storm of wind from the N W. Some rain
 one pr. of Colours lost in the Storm from the bige Perogue. Set out
 early and proceeded on passed a large Island on the S. S. back of this
 Isd. Soldiers River mouths, I am told by one of the men that this river
 is about the Size of Nadawa river 40 yards wide at the mouth. Reed has
 not yet come up. neither has La Liberty the frenchman whome we Sent to
 the Indian Camps a fiew miles below the Council Bluffs.
 [Clark, August 7, 1804]
 August 7th Tuesday last night about 8 oClock a Storm of wind from the
 N. W. which lasted 3/4 of an hour mosquitors more troublesom last night
 than I ever Saw them, Set out late this morning wind N.
 [Clark, August 7, 1804]
 7th August Tuesday 1804
 last night at 8 oClock a Storm from the N W. lasted 3/4 of an hour let
 out late this morning wind from the North--at 1 oClock dispatched
 George Drewyer, R. Fields, Wm. Bratten & Wm. Labieche back after the
 Deserter reid with order if he did not give up Peaceibly to put him to
 Death &c. to go to the Ottoes Village & enquire for La Liberty and
 bring him to the Mahars Village, also with a Speech on the occasion to
 the Ottoes & Missouries--and directing a few of their Chiefs to come to
 the Mahars, & we would make a peace between them & the Mahar and Souex,
 a String of wompom & a Carrot of Tobacco. proceeded on and Camped on
 the S. S.
 I walked on Shore with one man Collies,-the bottoms Covered with very
 Collin Killed an elk, I fired 4 times at one & have reasons to think I
 Kiled him but could not find him, The Misqutors were So troublesom and
 Misqutors thick in the Plains that I could not Keep them out of my
 eyes, with a bush. in my absens Capt Lewis Killed a Pelican on Pelicans
 Island, at which place maney Hundreds had Collected, they left 3 fish
 which was. fresh and very good, we camped on the S. S. in a Streght
 part of the river-
 [Clark, August 8, 1804]
 August the 8th 1804 Set out this morning at the usial time at about 2
 miles (1) passed a part of the river So choked up with Snags that we
 found a little dificult to get thro with Safty, the wind as usial from
 the N W. one of the Soldiers Killed a Pilican on the Sand Isd. passed
 the mouth of Little (2) River de Cueoux on the S. S. this river is
 about 80 yards wide & navagable for Pirogus Some distance & runs
 parrelel to the Missourie it corns in from the River from the N E, it
 contains great Quantitys offish Common to the Countrey. two Miles above
 is (3) an Island the Channel formerly run on the right with Sand.--the
 Current runs to the left. many hundreds of Pelicans on this Island--we
 call it Pelican Isld. Cap Lewis Killed one This river Soux Called by
 the Sueoux Ed-Neah Wau-de-pon i'e Stone R heads in three Leagues of the
 river Demoin, and passes thro a Lake about 20 Legues in Sircfs. which
 is also within 5 Leagus of the Demoin, this lake at one place is
 confined by two rocks within a narrow Space--this lake of Different
 widths, with many Small Islands, from the Lake to the Mahars about
 distant 4 Days march to the Dog Plains 90 Leagues, one Principal branch
 of the Demoin is calld. Cat river, the Lake which this river Litt Souex
 heads in is Called Despree
 [Clark, August 8, 1804]
 8th August Wednesday 1804
 Set out this morning at the usial time at two miles passed (1) a bend
 to L. S. Choaked up with Snags our boat run on two in turning to pass
 through, we got through with Safty the wind from N W. (2) passed the
 mouth of a River on the S. Side Called by the Soux Indians Ed-neah Wau
 de pon (or Stone river) the French call this river Petite Rivre de
 Cuouex it is about 80 yards wide and as (Mr. Durion Says whos been on
 the heads of it and the Country abt) is navagable for Perogues Som
 Distance runs Parrelel to the Missourie Some Distance, then falls down
 from N E thro a roleing Countrey open, the head of this river is 9
 miles from the R Demon at which place the Demoin is 80 yd wide, this
 Little Cuouex passes thro a lake called Despree which is within 5
 Leagues of the Deemoin the Said Lake is about 20 Leagues in
 Circumfrance and is divided into 2 by two rocks approaching Verry near
 each other, this Lake is of various width, Containing many Islands-
 from this Lake to the Maha 4 days march, as is Said to be near the Dog
 Plains one princpal branch of the Demoin is Called Cat River The Demoin
 is Sholey
 Capt. Lewis took Medn. Altitude of the Sun made it 56° 9' 00" Lat 41° 42'
 34" and I took one man and went on Shore the man Killed an Elk I fired
 4 times at one & did not Kill him, my ball being Small I think was the
 reason, the misqutors So bad in the Praries that with the assistance of
 a bush I could not Keep them out of my eyes, the boat turned Several
 tims to day on Sand bars--in my absenc the boat passed a Island 2 miles
 above the litte Scouex R on the upper point of the Isld Some hundreds
 of Pelicans were Collected, they left 3 fish on the Sand which was
 verry fine, Capt Lewis Killed one & took his dimentions, I joined the
 boat and we Camped on the S S.
 worthe of remark that Snakes are not plenty in this part of the
 [Lewis, August 8, 1804]
 August 8th 1804
 we had seen but a few aquatic fouls of any kind on the river since we
 commenced our journey up the Missouri, a few geese accompanied by their
 young, the wood duck which is common to every part of this country &
 crains of several kinds which will be discribed in their respective
 places--this day after we had passed the river Souix as called by Mr.
 MacKay (or as is more properly called the stone river,) I saw a great
 number of feathers floating down the river those feathers had a very
 extraordinary appearance as they appeared in such quantities as to
 cover pretty generally sixty or seventy yards of the breadth of the
 river. for three miles after I saw those feathers continuing to run in
 that manner, we did not percieve from whence they came, at length we
 were surprised by the appearance of a flock of Pillican at rest on a
 large sand bar attatched to a small Island the number of which would if
 estimated appear almost in credible; they apeared to cover several
 acres of ground, and were no doubt engaged in procuring their ordinary
 food; which is fish, on our approach they flew and left behind them
 several small fish of about eight inches in length, none of which I had
 seen before--the Pellican rested again on a sand bar above the Island
 which we called after them from the number we saw on it. we now
 approached them within about three hundred yards before they flew; I
 then fired at random among the flock with my rifle and brought one
 down; the discription of this bird is as follows.
 They are a bird of clime remain on the coast of Floriday and the
 borders of the Gulph of mexico & even the lower portion of the
 Mississippi during the winter and in the Spring (see for date my
 thermometrical observations at the river Dubois.-) visit this country
 and that farther north for the purpose of raising their young--this
 duty seems now to have been accomplished from the appearance of a young
 Pilacon which was killed by one of our men this morning, and they are
 now in large flocks on their return to their winter quarters. they lay
 usually two eggs only and chuise for a nest a couple of logs of drift
 wood near the water's edge and with out any other preperation but the
 thraught formed by the proximity of those two logs which form a trough
 they set and hatch their young which after nurture with fish their
 common food
 F I
 From beak to toe 5 8
 Tip to tip of wing 9 4
 Beak Length 1 3
 Do. Width from 2 to 1 1/2
 Neck Length 1 11
 1st joint of wing 1 1
 2ed Do. 1 4 1/2
 3rd Do. --- 7
 4th do. --- 2 3/4
 Length of leg including foot 10
 Do. of thy 11
 Discription of Colour &c
 The beak is a whiteish yellow the under part connected to a bladder
 like pouch, this pounch is connected to both sides of the lower beak
 and extends down on the under side of the neck and terminates in the
 stomach--this pouch is uncovered with feathers, and is formed two skins
 the one on the inner and the other on the center side a small quantity
 of flesh and strings of which the anamal has at pleasure the power of
 moving or drawing in such manner as to contract it at pleasure. in the
 present subject I measured this pouch and found it's contents 5 gallons
 of water
 The feet are webbed large and of a yellow colour, it has four toes the
 hinder toe is longer than in most aquatic fouls, the nails are black,
 not sharp and 1/2 an inch in length
 The plumage generally is white, the feathers are thin compared with the
 swan goose or most aquatick fouls and has but little or no down on the
 body. the upper part of the head is covered with black feathers short,
 as far as the back part of the head--the yellow skin unfeathered
 extends back from the upper beak and opening of the mouth and comes to
 a point just behind the eye
 The large feathers of the wings are of a deep black colour--the 1st &
 2nd joint of from the body above the same is covered with a second
 layer of white feathers which extend quite half the length of those
 large feathers of the wing--the thye is covered with feathers within a
 quarter of an inch of the knee.
 1st joint of wing has feathers No. 21 Length 9 Black
 2ed Do. No. 17 Length 13 Inch
 3rd Do. No. 5 Length 18 Inch
 4th Do. No. 3 Length 19 Inch
 it has a curious frothy substance which seems to devide its feathers
 from the flesh of the body and seems to be composes of globles of air
 and perfectly imbraces the part of the feather which extends through
 the skin.the wind pipe terminates in the center of the lower part of
 the upper and unfeathered part of the pouch and is secured by an
 elastic valve commanded at pleasure.
 The green insect known in the U States by the name of the sawyer or
 chittediddle, was first heard to cry on the 27th of July, we were then
 in latitude 41° some minutes.
 The prarie hen or grouse, was seen in the praries between the Missouri
 and the river platte
 [Clark, August 9, 1804]
 9th Augt Thursday 1804 The fog of this morning detained us untill 1/2
 passed 7 oClock at which time we left our moreing and proceeded on
 under a gentle Breeze from the S. E, I went on Shore found the Land the
 Same as yesterday Killed a Turkey and Camped on the L. S. great deel of
 Beaver Sign to day one Beaver Cought Musquetors worse this evening than
 ever I have Seen them.
 [Clark, August 9, 1804]
 9th August Thursday 1804
 The fog being thick detained us untile half pasd. 7 oClock at which
 time we Set out and proceeded on under Gentle Breeze from the S E I
 walked on Shore, Saw an Elk, crossed a Istmust of 3/4 of a mile to the
 river, & returned to the boat Camped on the L. S. above a Beaver Den.
 Musqutors verry troubleson.
 [Clark, August 11, 1804]
 August 11th Satturday 1804 about day this morning a hard wind from the
 N. W. followed by rain, we landed at the foot of the hill on which
 Black Bird The late King of the mahar who Died 4 years ago & 400 of his
 nation with the Small pox was buried (1) and went up and fixed a white
 flag bound with Blue white & read on the Grave which was about 12 foot
 Base & circueller, on the top of a Penical about 300 foot above the
 water of the river, from the top of this hill may be Seen the bends or
 meanderings of the river for 60 or 70 miles round & all the County
 around the base of this high land is a Soft Sand Stone Bluff of about
 40 or 150 foot, the Crooked, passed a Creek Called Wau-Con di peche C
 or Bad God Creek of bad Spirits on the L. S above the Bluff on this
 Creek the Mahars had the Small pox 4 years ago, Lattitude 42° 1'3" 8/10
 taken on the Point above the Creek. the river is verry Crooked, we are
 now within 3/4 of a mile of the river at a place we Shall not get
 around to untill tomorrow noon--We er 3 Legues from the Mahars by land
 and the great deel of Beaver sign induce a belief that those people do
 not hunt much.
 I have observed a number of places where the river has Changd its Bead
 at different times
 [Clark, August 11, 1804]
 11th August Satturday 1804. about day light this Morning a hard wind
 from the N W. with Some rain proceeded on arround the right of the Isld.
 a hard wind accompanied with rain from the S. E. after the rain was
 over Capt. Lewis myself & 10 men assended the Hill on the L. S. under
 which there was Some fine Springs to the top of a high point where the
 Mahars King Black Bird was burried 4 years ago. a mound of earth about
 12 Diamuter at the base & 6 feet high is raised over him turfed, and a
 pole 8 feet high in the Center on this pole we fixed a white flage
 bound with red Blue & white; this hill about 300 feet above the water
 forming a Bluff between that & the Water of Various hight from 40 to
 150 feet in hight yellow Soft Sand Stone from the tops of this Nole the
 river may be Seen Meandering for 60 or 70 Miles, we Decended & Set out
 N. 24 to W. 1/2 me. passing over a Sand bar on the S. pt. along the
 Willows. to the river opposit a Small Beyeau on the L. S. which is the
 Conveyance of the high water from a bend which appears near in a
 northerly direction, haveing passed a Creek in a Deep bend to the L. S.
 Called by the Mahars Wau can di Peeche (Great Spirrit is bad) on this
 Creek & Hills near it about 400 of the Mahar Died with the Small Pox-
 Took Medn. Altitude & made the Latd. 42° 1' 3" 8/10 N. also the Moons
 Distanc from the Sun I have observed a number of places where the River
 has onced run and now filled or filling up & growing with willows &
 [Clark, August 12, 1804]
 12th August Sunday 1804 a South wind We Set out early the river wider
 than usial, and Shallow, at 12 we halted in a bend to the left to take
 the Meridian altitude, & Dine, & Sent one man across where we took
 Dinner yesterday to Step off the Distance across Isthmus, he made it
 974 yards, and the bend around is 183/4 miles above this bend about 4
 miles, a yellow & Brown Bluff Comnuces and Continus 3 or 4 miles on the
 L. S. this Bluff has Some Sand Stone, Some rich Black mole mixed with
 yellow Clay, a fiew Red Ceeder on the tope, which is, from 20 to 150
 foot high the hill Still riseing back, I think may be estemated at 200
 foot on the top is timber, the wind for a few hours this evening was
 hard and from the S. E. In the evening about 5 oClock Cap L. & My Self
 wen on Shore to Shoot a Prarie wolf which was barking at us as we
 passed This Prarie Wolf barked like a large fest and is not much
 larger, the Beaver is verry plenty, not with Standing we are almost in
 Sight of the Mahar Town--Cought a verry Large Catfish this morniong,
 prepared the Indian present which we intend given to the Mahars. P.
 Wiser apt. Cook to Serjt. Floyds Squad from to day
 [Clark, August 12, 1804]
 12th August Sunday 1804
 Set out early under a gentle Breeze from the South the river wider than
 usial and Shallow (1) at 12 oClock we halted to take a meridian altd.
 of the Sun & Sent a man back or I may Say across to the Bind of the
 river where Capt. Lewis took the Mdn. altitude yesterday, to Step off
 the distance, he made it 974 yards across, the Distance arround the
 bend is 183/4 miles--about 4 miles above the bend on the L. S. is the
 Commencement of a Bluff which is about 4 miles extending on the river,
 of yellow and brown Clay in Some parts in it near the river a Soft Sand
 Stone is inbeded on the top (which is from 20 to 150 feet above the
 water, & rises back) is Covered with timber, a fiew red Ceider is on
 this Bluff, the wind Comes round to the S. E. a Prarie Wolf Come near
 the bank and Barked at us this evening, we made an attempt but could
 not git him, this Animale Barkes like a large feste Dog. Beever is
 verry Plenty on this part of the river. I prepare Some presents for to
 give the Indians of the Mahars nation. Wiser apt. Cook & Supentdt. of
 the Provisions of Sergt. Floyds Squad. we Camped on a Sand Island in a
 bend to the S. S. Musquitors verry troublesom untile the wind rose. at
 one or 2 oClock
 [Clark, August 13, 1804]
 13th of August Munday 1804. Set out this morning at Day light the usial
 time and proceeded on under a gentle Breeze from the S. E. passed the
 From this Fish Camp the River is N 55° West as far as Can be Seen, the
 Sand bar only changeing the Derection of the Current the Hills leave
 the river on the L. Side
 [Clark, August 13, 1804]
 August 13th Monday 1804
 Set out this morning at Light the usial time and proceeded on under a
 gentle Breeze from the S E
 [Clark, August 14, 1804]
 14th of August at 12 oClock the Party Sent yesterday to the Towns
 returned, and informed that they Could not find any Indians, they had
 not returned from hunting the Buffalow in the Praries, wind Shifted to
 the N W. Our party Sent after the Deserter and to the Otteau towns,
 have not Came up as yet
 The Situation of this Village, now in ruins Siround by enunbl. hosts of
 grave the ravages of the Small Pox (4 years ago) they follow the Buf.
 and tend no Corn
 [Clark, August 14, 1804]
 14th August Tuesday 1804
 a fine morning wind from the S E The men Sent to the Mahar Town last
 evening has not returned we Conclude to Send a Spye to Know the cause
 of Their delay at about 12 oClock the Party returned and in-formed. us
 that they Could not find the Indians nor any fresh Sign, those people
 have not returned from their Buffalow hunt, Those people haveing no
 houses no Corn or any thing more than the graves of their ancesters to
 attach them to the old Village, Continue in pursuite of the Buffalow
 longer than others who had greater attachments to their native
 Villagethe ravages of the Small Pox (which Swept off 400 men & women &
 Children in perpoposion) has reduced this Nation not exceeding 300 men
 and left them to the insults of their weaker neighbours which before
 was glad to be on friendly turms with them--I am told whin this fatal
 malady was among them they Carried ther franzey to verry extroadinary
 length, not only of burning their Village, but they put their wives &
 Children to Death with a view of their all going together to Some
 better Countrey--They burry their Dead on the tops of high hills and
 rais mounds on the top of them,--The cause or way those people took the
 Small Pox is uncertain, the most Probable from Some other Nation by
 means of a warparty
 Observed Time and Distance of the Sun & Moon the Moon East the 13th of
 August Monday 1804, three Miles NE of the Mahars old village at Fish
 [Clark, August 15, 1804]
 August 15th Wendesday I took ten men & went out to Beaver Dam across a
 Creek about a mile S W from Camp, and with a Brush Drag caught 308
 fish, of the following kind (i'e) Pike, Samon, Bass, Pirch, Red horse,
 Small Cat, & a kind of Perch Called on the Ohio Silverfish I also
 Caught the Srimp which is Common to the Lower part of the Mississippi,
 in this Creek & in the Beaver Pond is emince beads of Mustles Verry
 large & fat--in my absence Capt Lewis Send the Souex interpr & a party
 to a Smoke which appeared to rise at no great distance to the north
 with a view to find Some Band of that nation, they returned and
 informed that they had been made Some time by Some Small party, and the
 hard wind of to day had set the Prarie on fire from Some high trees,
 which was left burning all well, Party from Ottoes not come up.
 Camp three Miles N. E of the Mahar Village
 [Clark, August 15, 1804]
 August 15th Wednesday 1804
 I went with ten men to a Creek Damed by the Beavers about half way to
 the Village, with Some Small willow & Bark we mad a Drag and haulted up
 the Creek, and Cought 318 fish of different kind i'e Peke, Bass,
 Salmon, perch, red horse, Small Cat, and a kind of perch Called
 Silverfish, on the Ohio.--I cought a Srimp prosisely of Shape Size &
 flavour of those about N. Orleans & the lower party of the Mississippi
 in this Creek which is only the pass or Streight from Beaver Pond to
 another, is Crouded with large Mustles Verry fat, Ducks, Pliver of
 different Kinds are on those Ponds as well as on the river in My
 absence Capt. Lewis Sent Mr. Durioue the Souix interpeter & three men
 to examine a fire which threw up an emence Smoke from the Praries on
 the N. E. Side of the River and at no great distance from Camp--the
 Object of this party was to find Some Bands of Seouex which the inptr.
 thought was near the Smoke and get them to Come in--in the evening this
 Party returned and infoermed, that the fire arrose from Some trees
 which had been left burning by a Small party of Seoux whom had passed
 Several Days--the wind Setting from that point, blew the Smoke from
 that pt. over our Camp. our party all in health and Sperrits the men
 Sent to the Ottoes & in pursute of the Deserter Reed has not yet
 returned or joined our party.
 [Clark, August 16, 1804]
 Aug. 16th 1804
 a Verry cool morning the winds as usial from the N W. Capt Lewis with
 men went out to the Creek & Pond & Caught about 800 fine fish with a
 Bush Drag of the following kind i.e. 79 Pike, 8 Salmon, 1 Rock, 1 flat
 Back, 127 Buffalow & readHorse, 4 Bass & 490 Cat, with many Small &
 large Silver fish,--I had a mast made & fixed to day The Party Sent to
 the Ottoes not yet arrived. the wind Shifted around to the S E. the
 night's are Cool & a Breeze rises after generally; Sometimes before
 night which Blows off the Musquitors cools the atmospere.
 [Clark, August 16, 1804]
 16th August Thursday 1804 Fishing Camp 3 ms. N. E. of the Mahars. a
 verry cool morning the wind as usial from the N W.
 Capt Lewis took 12 men & went to the Pond & Crek between Camp and the
 old Village and Cought upwards of Boo fine fish, 79 Pike, 8 Salmon, 1
 Rock,flat Back, 127 Buffalow & red horse 4 Bass & 490 Catt. with many
 Small Silver fish I had a Mast made &fixed to the Boat to day, the
 Party Sent to the Ottoes not yet joined us--the wind Shifted arround to
 the S. E. everry evening a Breeze rises which blows off the Musquitors
 & Cools the atmispeire.
 [Clark, August 17, 1804]
 17th August 1804. a fine morning Wind from the S. E. I will here annex
 the Latds & Distances of the Different notable placies from the River
 Dubois or Mouth up.
 The Longitudes are not yet Calculated, We must be at this time about 99°
 45' 00" West of Greenwich--I Collected a grass much resembling wheet
 with a grain like Rye, much fuller of grain, one like Rye & one like
 Barley Grass Small, a Grass like Timothey except the Seed which is on
 branches from the main Stalk-
 Late this evening one of the party Sent after the deserters returned &
 joined us, he left the party 3 miles back, they cought both Deserters,
 one of them La liberty, got away from them, the Great Chief & 2nd Chief
 of the ottoes accompaned the Party with a view to bring about a Peice
 between themselves & the Mahar a great missfortune that the Mahars have
 not returned from the hunt--Sent & fiered the Prarie near Camp to bring
 in the Mahars & Souex if any are near. a Cool evening, 2 Beever Cought
 [Clark, August 17, 1804]
 17th August Friday 1804.
 a fine Morning the wind from the S. E. I collected a grass much
 resembling wheat in its grouth the grain like Rye, also Some resembling
 Rye & Barly. a kind of Timothey, the Seed of which branches from the
 main Stalk & is more like flax Seed than that of a Timothey
 at 6 oClock this evening Labieche one of the Party Sent to the Ottoes
 joined, and informed that the Party was behind with one of the
 Deserters M B. Reed and the 3 principal Chiefs of the Nations--La
 Liberty they cought but he decived them and got away--the object of
 those Chiefs comeing forward is to make a peace with the Mahars thro
 us-. as the Mahars are not at home this great object cannot be
 accomplished at this time Set the Praries on fire to bring the Mahars &
 Soues if any were near, this being the usial Signal.
 a Cool evining two Beaver Cought to day.
 [Clark, August 18, 1804]
 18th August 1804 a fine morning, despatched Jo. Fields for the Party
 from the Ottoes, whom did not Come up last night Wind from the S. E.
 (Panies returned from their hunt, the 12th of August) in the after Part
 of the Day the Party arrived, we had a Short talk after which we gave
 them Provisions to eate & proceeded to the trial of Reed, he confessed,
 & we Sentenced him only to run the Ganelet four times thro the
 Detachment & party, and not to be considered in the future as one of
 the Permonant Party, after the Punihment of about 500 Lashes, at night
 we had Some talk with the Chiefs about the Cause of War between them
 and the Mahars. posponed the further consultation untill tomorrow. had
 a Dance which lasted untile 11 oClock, the Close of Cap Lewis Birthday.
 a fine evening wind S. E
 Sent to the Towns, i e Reiubin Fields Will. Brattin G. Drewyer & W
 [Clark, August 18, 1804]
 18th August Satday 1804
 a fine morning. Wind from the S. E. in the after part of the Day the
 Party with the Indians arrivd. we meet them under a Shade near the Boat
 and after a Short talk we gave them Provisions to eat & proceeded to
 the trail of Reed, he Confessed that he "Deserted & Stold a public
 Rifle Shot-pouch Powder & Bals" and requested we would be as favourable
 with him as we Could consistantly with our Oathes-which we were and
 only Sentenced him to run the Gantlet four times through the Party &
 that each man with 9 Swichies Should punish him and for him not to be
 considered in future as one of the Party
 The three principal Chiefs petitioned for Pardin for this man After we
 explained the injurey Such men could doe them by false representation,
 & explang. the Customs of our Countrey they were all Satisfied with the
 propriety of the Sentence & was witness to the punishment. after which
 we had Some talk with the Chiefs about the orrigan of the war between
 them & the Mahars &c. &c.--it commenced in this way i'e' in two of the
 Missouries Tribe resideing with the Ottoes went to the Mahars to Steel
 horses, they Killed them both which was a cause of revenge on the part
 of the Missouris & Ottoes, they also brought war on themselves Nearly
 in the Same way with the Panea Loups and they are greatly in fear of a
 just revenge from the Panies for takeing their Corn from the Pania
 Towns in their absence hunting this Summer.
 the evening was Closed with an extra Gill of Whiskey & a Dance untill
 11 oClock.
 [Clark, August 19, 1804]
 19th of August Sunday 1804 a fine morning wind from the S. E I prepd. a
 present from the Chiefs & Warriers, the main Chief Brack fast with us
 naked; & beged for a Sun glass.--at 10 oClock we assembled the Cheifs &
 Warriers under an Orning and delivered a Speech, explanitary of the One
 Sent to this Nation from the Council Bluff, &c. &c.-
 Children When we Sent the 4 men to your towns, we expected to See &
 Speake with the Mahas by the time you would arrive and to lay the
 foundation of a peace between you and them
 The Speech of Petieit Villeu Little Thief, If you think right and Can
 waite untill all our Warriers Come from the Buffalows hunt, we Can then
 tell you who is our men of Consequnce--My fathers always lived with the
 father of the B together & we always live with the Big hose-all the men
 here are the Suns of Chief and will be glad to get Something from the
 hands of their fathers.--My father always directed me to be friendly
 with the white people, I have always done So and went often to the
 french, give my party pieces of Paper & we will be glad--The names
 a Meddel to Car ka pa ha or Crow's head
 a Comsi or Cfte. Sar na no ne or Iron Eyes
 a Ottoe approves & says he is Brave
 Nee Swor un ja Big ax
 a Ottoe approves
 Star gra hun ja Big blue Eyes
 a Ottoe Delivers up his comm
 Ne ca sa wa-Black Cat
 a Missouris approves the Council & he wants paper for his men at home,
 he after wards came & petitioned for his Paper
 War-sar sha co-Brave Man
 The Speach of the Big Horse I went to the hunt Buffalow I heard your
 word and I returned, I and all my men with me will attend to your
 wordsyou want to make peace with all, I want to make peace also, the
 young men when they want to go to war where is the goods you give me to
 Keep them at home, if you give me Some Whisky to give a Drop to my men
 at home.
 I came here naked and must return home naked. if I have Something to
 give the young men I can prevent their going to war. You want to make
 peace with all, It is good we want Something to give my men at home. I
 am a pore man, and cant quiet without means, a Spoon ful of your milk
 will quiet all.
 2nd Speech of the Little Thief I want Mr. Faufon & Mr. La bieche to
 make a piece with the Panies Loups. I want William to go & make a piece
 with the Loups, he can Speake english & will doe will to go.--refused
 that William LaBiech shall accompany Faufon
 Those people were not well Satisfied with the Presents given them, they
 were much Surprised at the air gun and Several curiosities which were
 Shown them none more than the magnet, those people became extreemly
 troublesom to us begging Whisky & little articles. Sergt. Floyd was
 taken violently bad with the Beliose Cholick and is dangerously ill we
 attempt in Vain to releive him, I am much concerned for his Situation-
 we could get nothing to Stay on his Stomach a moment nature appear
 exosting fast in him every man is attentive to him york prlly
 [Clark, August 19, 1804]
 19th August Sunday 1804
 a find morning wind from the S. E. prepared a Small Present for the
 Cheifs and warriers present. the main Cheif Brackfast with us, & beged
 for a Sun glass, those People are all naked, Covered only with Breech
 Clouts Blankits or Buffalow Roabes, the flesh Side Painted of Differant
 Colours & figures. At 10 oClock we assembled the Chiefs & warriers 9 in
 number under an orning, and we explained the Speech Sent to the nation
 from the Council Bluffs by Mr. Faufon. The 3 Chiefs and all the men or
 warriers made Short Speeches approveing the advice & Council their
 great father had Sent them, and Concluded by giveing themselves Some
 Credit for their acts.
 We then brought out the presents and exchanged the Big horses Meadel &
 gave him one equal to the one Sent to the Little Thief & gave all Some
 Small articls & 8 Carrots of Tobacco, we gave one Small Meadel to one
 of the Cheifs & a Sertificate to the others of their good intentions.
 The Little Theif Grd. Cheif I have mentioned before
 The Big horse
 Crows Head (or) Kar Ka paha--Missory
 Black Cat (or) Ne ma Sa wa--do
 Iron Eyes (or) Sar na no no--Ottoe
 Big ax (or) Nee Swar Un ja--do
 Big Blue Eyes--Star gea Hun ja--do
 Brave Man (or) War Sar Sha co
 One of those Indians after reciving his Certificate delivd. it again to
 me the Big blue eyes the Chief petitioned for the Ctft. again, we would
 not give the Certft. but rebuked them verry roughly for haveing in
 object goods and not peace with their neighbours--this language they
 did not like at first, but at length all petitioned for us to give back
 the Certificate to the Big blu eyes he came forward and made a
 plausible excuse, I then gave the Certificate the Great Cheif to bestow
 it to the most Worthey, they gave it to him, we then gave them a,Dram
 & broke up the Council, the Chiefs requested we would not leave them
 this evening. we deturmed to Set out early in the morning we Showed
 them many Curiosities and the air gun which they were much asstonished
 at. those people beged much for wishey--Serjeant Floyd is taken verry
 bad all at one with a Beliose Chorlick we attempt to relieve him
 without Success as yet, he gets wordse and we are muc allarmed at his
 Situation, all attention to him.
 [Clark, August 20, 1804]
 20th August Monday after gieving faufon Some goods the Indians a
 Canister of whiskey, we Set out under a jentle Breeze from the S. E
 Shields went with the horses--I am Dull & heavy been up the greater
 Part of last night with Serjt. Floyd, who is as bad as he can be to
 live the motion of his bowels having changed &c. &c. is the Cause of
 his violent attack &c. &c.
 we Came to make a warm bath for Sergt. Floyd hopeing it would brace him
 a little, before we could get him in to this bath he expired, with a
 great deel of composure, haveing Said to me before his death that he
 was going away and wished me to write a letter--we Buried him to the
 top of a high round hill over looking the river & Countrey for a great
 distance Situated just below a Small river without a name to which we
 name & call Floyds river, the Bluffs Sergts. Floyds Bluff-we buried him
 with all the honors of War, and fixed a Ceeder post at his head with
 his name title & Day of the month and year Capt Lewis read the funeral
 Service over him after paying everry respect to the Body of this
 desceased man (who had at All times given us proofs of his impatiality
 Sincurity to ourselves and good will to Serve his Countrey) we returned
 to the Boat & proceeded to the Mouth of the little river 30 yd. wide &
 Camped a butifull evening
 [Clark, August 20, 1804]
 20th August Monday 1804
 Sergeant Floyd much weaker and no better. Made Mr. Fauforn the
 interpter a fiew presents, and the Indians a Canister of whisky we Set
 out under a gentle breeze from the S. E. and proceeded on verry well-
 Serjeant Floyd as bad as he can be no pulse & nothing will Stay a
 moment on his Stomach or bowels
 Passed two Islands on the S. S. and at first Bluff on the S S. Serj.
 Floyd Died with a great deel of Composure, before his death he Said to
 me, "I am going away. I want you to write me a letter"--We buried him
 on the top of the bluff 1/2 Miles below a Small river to which we Gave
 his name, he was buried with the Honors of War much lamented; a Seeder
 post with the (1) Name Sergt. C. Floyd died here 20th of August 1804
 was fixed at the head of his grave--This Man at all times gave us
 proofs of his firmness and Deturmined resolution to doe Service to his
 Countrey and honor to himself after paying all the honor to our Decesed
 brother we Camped in the mouth of floyds river about 30 yards wide, a
 butifull evening.-
 [Clark, August 21, 1804]
 21st August Tuesday we Set out verry early this morning under a Gentle
 Breeze from the S. E Course S. 82° E 3 mes to the upper pt. of a Bluff on
 the S. S. passed Willow Creek and Some rock below the mouth of the
 Seouex river on the Starboard Side those Clifts are about 170 feet
 high, this river heads with the St. peters and is navagable 75 Leagues
 (by the act. of Mr. Durien) to a fall of near 200 for, 2 large & Som
 Small Pitchs below the falls on the right a Creek corns in on which the
 red pipe Stone is percured, & in the praries about, a place of Peace
 with all nations.
 [Clark, August 21, 1804]
 21st August Tuesday 1804
 We Set out verry early this morning and proceeded on under a gentle
 Breeze from the S. E. passed willow creek Small on the S. S. below a
 Bluff of about 170 feet high and one 1/2 mes. above Floyds river at
 11/2 miles higher & above the Bluff passed the Soues River S. S. this
 River is about the Size of Grand river and as Mr. Durrien our Scones
 intptr. says "navagable to the falls 70 or 80 Leagues and above these
 falls" Still further, those falls are 200 feet or there abouts & has
 two princapal pitches, and heads with the St. peters passing the head
 of the Demoien, on the right below the falls a Creek Coms in which
 passes thro Clifts of red rock which the Indians make pipes of, and
 when the different nations Meet at those queries all is piece, passed a
 place in a Prarie on the L. S. where the Mahars had a Village formerly.
 the Countrey above the Platt R has a great Similarity. Campd. on the L.
 Side. Clouds appear to rise in the west & threten wind. I found a verry
 excellent froot resembling the read Current, the Scrub on which it
 grows resembles Privey & about the Common hight of a wild plumb-
 The two men Sent with the horses has not joined us as yet
 [Clark, August 22, 1804]
 22nd of August Wendesday 1804 Set out early wind from the South. G
 Shannon joined the Boat last night. Course this morning is S 47° W. 11/4
 on the S. point West 11/4 me. to the Commencement of a Bluff on the L.
 S. the High land near the river for Some distance below. This Bluff
 contain Pyrites alum, Copperass & a Kind Markesites also a clear Soft
 Substance which will mold and become pliant like wax) Capt lewis was
 near being Poisened by the Smell in pounding this Substance I belv to
 be arsenic or Cabalt. I observe great Quantity of Cops. ans and almin
 pure & Straters of white & brown earth of 6 Inch thick. a Creek Corns
 in above the Bluffs on which there is great quantities of those
 minerals, This Creek I call Roloje a at those Allom banks Shields
 joined in with two Deer
 Camped on the S. S. a Great Deel of Elk Sign fresh Capt. Lewis took a
 Dost of Salts this evening to carry off the effects of (arsenec) or
 cobalt which he was trying to find out the real quallity (2) passed a
 Clift of Rock much impregnated with alum, Containing also a great
 quantity of Cabalt
 ordered a Vote of the men for a Sergeant of the three highest numbers a
 choice to be made Gass Bratton & Gibson--Gass is worth remark, that my
 Ink after Standing in the pot 3 or four days Soaks up & becons thick
 [Clark, August 22, 1804]
 22nd August Friday 1804
 Set out early wind from the South at three miles we landed at a Bluff
 where the two men Sent with the horses were waiting with two Deer, by
 examonation of this (1) Bluff Contained alum, Copperas, Cobalt,
 Pyrites; a alum rock Soft & Sand Stone. Capt. Lewis in proveing the
 quality of those minerals was near poisoning himself by the fumes &
 tast of the Cabalt which had the appearance of Soft Isonglass--Copperas
 & alum is verry pure, Above this Bluff a Small Creek Coms in from the
 L. S. passing under the Clifts for Several miles, this Creek I Call
 Roloje a name I learned last night in my Sleep. (2) Eight) Seven miles
 above is a Clift of Allom Stone of a Dark Brown Colr. Containing also
 in crusted in the Crevices & Shelves of the rock great qts. of Cabalt,
 Semented Shels & a red earth. from this the (3) river bends to the East
 and is within 3 or 4 miles of the River Soues at the place where that
 river Coms from the high land into the Low Prarie & passes under the
 foot of those Hills to its mouth.
 Capt Lewis took a Dost of Salts to work off the effects of the Arsenic,
 we Camped on the S. S. Sailed the greater part of this day with a hard
 wind from the S. E. great deel of Elk Sign, and great appearance of
 wind from the N. W.
 ordered a vote for a Serjeant to chuse one of three which may be the
 highest number the highest numbers are P. Gass had 19 Votes, Bratten &
 [Clark, August 23, 1804]
 23rd August Thursday 1804 Set out this morning verry early, the two men
 R. Fields & Shannon did not Come up last night, I went out and Killed a
 fine Buck, J. Fields Killed a Buffaloes, 2 Elk Swam by the boat whilst
 I was out and was not Killed, many guns fired at it R. Fields Came up
 with the horses & brought two Deer, Collins Killed a Small doe, Several
 Prarie wolves Seen Course West 4 Mls. to the mouth of a Small run
 between two Bluffs of yellow Clay North 31/4 miles to the upper Pt. of
 Some timber in the bend to S. S. near where R. fields Killed the
 Buffalow passed the pt. of High Land on S. S at 1/4 of a mile, Capt.
 Lewis went out with 8 men & brought the buffalow to the river at this
 bend, C. Lewis Killed a Goose, wind blew hard of the flying Sands which
 rasies like a Cloud of Smoke from the Bars when the wind Blows, the
 Sand being fine and containing a breat perpotion of earth and when it
 lights it Sticks to every thing it touches at this time the grass is
 white S 48° 3 miles to a point of willows on the S. S. haveing passed the
 Sand Island L. S Camped on the L S above the Island Saw an elk Standing
 on a Sand bar. Shields Shot it thro the neck 101/4
 [Clark, August 23, 1804]
 23rd August Thursday 1804
 Set out this morning verry early the two men with the horses did not
 Come up last night I walked on Shore & Killed a fat Buck--J. Fields
 Sent out to hunt Came to the Boat and informed that he had Killed a
 Buffalow in the plain a head Cap Lewis took 12 men and had the buffalow
 brought to the boat in the next bend to the S S. 2 Elk Swam the river,
 and was fired at from the boat R. Fields came up with the Horses and
 brought two Deer one Deer Killed from the Boat. Several Prarie Wolves
 Seen to day Saw Elk Standing on the Sand bar
 The Wind blew hard West and raised the Sands off the bar in Such Clouds
 that we Could Scercely See this Sand being fine and verry light Stuck
 to every thing it touched, and in the Plain for a half a mile the
 distance I was out every Spire of Grass was covered with the Sand or
 Dust We Camped on the L. S. above a Sand Island one Beaver Cought
 [Clark, August 24, 1804]
 24th August Friday 1804. Some rain last night & this morning, we Set
 out at the usial time and proceeded on the Same Course of last night
 Continued S. 48° W. 21/4 mes. to the Commencement of a Blue Clay Bliff on
 LS. about 180 or 190 feet high West under rugged Bluffs 13/4 ms.
 passing Several Small Dreens, falling into the river those Bluffs has
 been lately on fire and is yet verry Hott, Great appearance of Coal, &
 imence quantities of Cabalt in Side of that part oft the Bluff which
 Sliped in, on the Sides of the hill great quanities of a kind of
 Current or froot resembling the Current in appearance much richer and
 finer flavd. grows on a Scrub resembling a Damsen and is now fine and
 makes a Delightful) Tart above this Bluff I took my Servent and a
 french boy I have and walked on Shore I killed a Deer which york Packed
 on his back In the evening I Killed two Buck Elk and wounded two others
 which I could not pursue by the Blood as my ball was So Small to bleed
 them well, my boys each Shot an elk--it was late and I Crossed a Point
 Struck the river above and halted the boat and 12 men went out brought
 in the meat all the after part of the day it rained we are all wet.
 Capt Lewis and my Self Concluded to visit a High Hill Situated in an
 emence Plain three Leagues N. 20° W. from the mouth of White Stone river,
 this hill appear to be of a Conic form and by all the different Nations
 in this quater is Supposed to be a place of Deavels ors that they are
 in human form with remarkable large heads and about 18 inches high;
 that they are very watchfull and ar armed with Sharp arrows with which
 they can kill at a great distance; they are said to kill all persons
 who are so hardy as to attemp to approach the hill; they state that
 tradition informs them that many indians have suffered by these little
 people and among others that three Maha men fell a sacrefice to their
 murceyless fury not meany years since--so much do the Mahas Souix
 Ottoes and other neibhbouring nations believe this fable that no
 consideration is sufficient to induce them to approach this hill.
 [Clark, August 24, 1804]
 24th August Friday 1804
 Some rain last night, a Continuation this morning; we Set out at the
 usial time and proceeded on the Course of last night to the (1)
 Commencement of a blue Clay Bluff of 180 or 190 feet high on the L. S.
 Those Bluffs appear to have been laterly on fire, and at this time is
 too hot for a man to bear his hand in the earth at any debth, gret
 appearance of Coal. An emence quantity of Cabalt or a Cristolised
 Substance which answers its discription is on the face of the Bluff-
 Great quantities of a kind of berry resembling a Current except double
 the Sise and Grows on a bush like a Privey, and the Size of a Damsen
 deliciously flavoured & makes delitefull Tarts, this froot is now ripe,
 I took my Servent and a french boy and Walked on Shore Killed Two Buck
 Elks and a faun, and intersepted the Boat and had all the meat
 butchered and in by Sun Set at which time it began to rain and rained
 hard, Cap Lewis & my Self walk out & got Verry wet, a Cloudey rainey
 night,--In my absence the Boat Passed a Small (2) River Called by the
 Indians White Stone River. this river is about 30 yards wide and runs
 thro a Plain & Prarie in its whole Course In a northerley direction
 from the mouth of this Creek in an imence Plain a high Hill is
 Situated, and appears of a Conic form and by the different nations of
 Indians in this quarter is Suppose to be the residence of Deavels. that
 they are in human form with remarkable large heads and about 18 Inches
 high, that they are Very watchfull, and are arm'd with Sharp arrows
 with which they Can Kill at a great distance; they are Said to Kill all
 persons who are So hardy as to attempt to approach the hill; they State
 that tradition informs them that many Indians have Suffered by those
 little people and among others three Mahar men fell a Sacrefise to
 their murceyless fury not many years Since--So much do the Maha, Souis,
 Ottoes and other neighbouring nations believe this fable that no
 Consideration is Suffecient to induce them to apporach the hill
 [Lewis, August 24, 1804]
 Friday, August 24th
 This day the Chronometer stoped again just after being wound up; I know
 not the cause, but fear it procedes from some defect which it is not in
 my power to remedy.-
 [Clark, August 24, 1804]
 (1) About the center of this Sand Island the river of white Stone (as
 Called by Mr. Evins Kenvill R.) falls in on the Stard. Side it appear
 to be about 25 or 30 yards Wide; at the mouth of this river 10 Indians
 had latterly cross Supposed be be Soues, the part of a band which are
 at war with the Mahars, This Soues nation are divided into bands Som
 100 to 500 men in a band at peace with eath other, ther Interest &
 prejudices different, for instance one band the most envetterate enimy
 of the mahars, all the other Bands in the greatest harmony with that
 nation and even go with thim to War, those Soues, follow the Buffalow,
 & Kill them on foot, they pack their Dogs, which carry ther Bedn.
 [Clark, August 25, 1804]
 Augt. 25th Satturday 1804 This morning Capt Lewis & my Self G D. Sjt.
 Ouderway Shields J. Fields colter Bratten Cane Labeeche corp Wovington
 Frasure & York Set out to Visit this mountain of evel Spirits, we Set
 out from the mouth of the White Stone Creek, at 8 oClock, at 4 miles
 Cross the Creek in an open plain, at 7 ms. the dog gave out & we Sent
 him back to the Creek at 12 oClock we rose the hill Some time before we
 got to the hill we obsevd. great numbers of Birds hovering about the
 top of this Mound when I got on the top those Birds flw off. I
 discovered that they wer Cetechig a kind of flying ant which were in
 great numbers abought the top of this hill, those insects lit on our
 hats & necks, Several of them bit me verry Shart on the neck, near the
 top of this nole I observed three holes which I Supposed to be Prarie
 Wolves or Braroes, which are numerous in those Plains. this hill is
 about 70 foot high in an emince Prarie or leavel plain from the top I
 could not observe any woods except in the Missourie Points and a few
 Scattering trees on the three Rivers in view. i e the Soues River
 below, the River Jacque above & the one we have crossed from the top of
 this Mound we observed Several large gangus of Buffalow & Elk feeding
 upwards of 800 in number Capt Lewis being much fatigued and verry
 thursty obliged us to go to the neares water which we Could See, which
 was the W Stone Creek at right angles from the Course we came out, and
 we got water in three miles in the Creek above whre the beaver had
 darned it up after a Delay of about one hour & a half we Set out for
 our boat, Cross the Creek three times wast deep, passing down an
 ellgent bottom of about a mile in width bordered by a ridge of about 50
 feet from the top of which it was leavel to the river, we proceeded on
 by a Circular Derection to the place we Crossed this Creek going out
 where we delayed for the men to rest themselves about 40 minits in a
 small grove here we got Great quantities of the best largest grapes I
 ever tasted, Some Blue Currents still on the bushes, and two kind of
 Plumbs, one the Common wild Plumb the other a large Yellow Plumb
 growing on a Small bush, this blumb is about double the Size of the
 Common and Deliscously flavoured--Those plains are leavel without much
 water and no timber all the timber on the Stone River would not thickly
 timber 100 acres of land--we returned to the boat at Sunset, my Servent
 nearly exosted with heat thurst and fatigue, he being fat and un
 accustomed to walk as fast as I went was the Cause--we Set fire to the
 Praries in two Places to let the Sons know we were on the river and as
 a Signal for them to Come to the river above, our Party in the Boat &
 one Perogue undr. the Comd of Sergt. Pryor answered us by firing a
 prarie near them. we proceeded on to the place we Camped last night,
 and as it began to rain and verry dark, we Concluded to Stay all night,
 our boys prepared us a Supper of jurked meet and two Prarie Larks
 (which are about the Size of a Pigeon and Peculier to this country) and
 on a Buffalow roabe we Slept verry well in the morning we proceeded on
 and joined the boat at 6 miles, they had camped & were Jurking an Elk &
 5 Deer which R. Fields & Shannon had brough in. from the Mound to the
 Hill S. S. mo. of R. Soues S 70° E. to the opsd. Hills S. 45° E. and to the
 woods near River au Jacque is West
 [Clark, August 25, 1804]
 Augt. 25th Satturday wind S E The Boat under Serjt Pryor after drying
 some goods which got wet in the french Perogue & jurking the meet
 killed yesterday Set out at 12 oClock and proceeded on Six miles and
 Camped on the L. S. passed a Bluff of blue earth at 3 miles and a large
 Sand Island in a bend to the S. S. at 5 miles, R Fields brought in 5
 Deer, G Shannon an Elk this eveng. rain at 3 oClock Murcky. 86 abo 0,
 [Clark, August 25, 1804]
 25th August Satturday 1804
 a Cloudy morning Capt Lewis & my Self Concluded to go and See the Mound
 which was viewed with Such turrow by all the different Nation in this
 quarter, we Selected Shields J. Fields, W Bratten, Sergt. Ordway, J
 Colter, Can, and Corp Worbington & Frasure, also G. Drewyer and droped
 down to the mouth of White Stone River where we left the Perogue with
 two men and at 200 yards we assended a riseing ground of about Sixty
 feet, from the top of this High land the Countrey is leavel & open as
 far as Can be Seen, except Some few rises at a Great Distance, and the
 Mound which the Indians Call Mountain of little people or Spirits this
 mound appears of a Conic form & is N. 20° W. from the mouth of the Creek,
 we left the river at 8 oClock, at 4 miles we Crossed the Creek 23 yards
 wide in an extensive Valley and continued on at two miles further our
 Dog was So Heeted & fatigued we was obliged Send him back to the Creek,
 at 12 oClock we arrived at the hill Capt Lewis much fatigued from heat
 the day it being verry hot & he being in a debilitated State from the
 Precautions he was obliged to take to provent the affects of the
 Cobalt, & Mini. Substance which had like to have poisoned him two days
 ago, his want of water, and Several of the men complaining of Great
 thirst, deturmined us to make for the first water which was the Creek
 in a bend N. E. from the mound about 3 miles--aftr a Delay of about 1
 hour & a half to recrut our party we Set out on our return down the
 Creek thro the bottom of about 1 mile in width, Crossed the Creek 3
 times to the place we first Struck it, where we geathered Some
 delisious froot Such as Grapes Plumbs, & Blue Currents after a Delay of
 an hour we Set out on our back trail & arrived at the Perogue at Sun
 Set we proceedd on to the place we Campd. last night and Stayed all
 This Mound is Situated on an elivated plain in a leavel and extensive
 prarie, bearing N. 20° W. from the mouth of White Stone Creek Nine Miles,
 the base of the Mound is a regular parallelagram the long Side of which
 is about 300 yards in length the Shorter 60 or 70 yards--from the
 longer Side of the Base it rises from the North & South with a Steep
 assent to the hight of 65 or 70 feet, leaveing a leavel Plain on the
 top of 12 feet in width & 90 in length. the North & South part of this
 mound is joins by two regular rises, each in Oval forms of half its
 hight forming three regular rises from the Plain the assent of each
 elivated part is as Suden as the principal mound at the narrower Sides
 of its Bass
 The reagular form of this hill would in Some measure justify a belief
 that it owed its Orrigin to the hand of man; but as the earth and loos
 pebbles and other Substances of which it was Composed, bare an exact
 resemblance to the Steep Ground which border on the Creek in its
 neighbourhood we Concluded it was most probably the production of
 The only remarkable Charactoristic of this hill admiting it to be a
 naturial production is that it is insulated or Seperated a considerable
 distance from any other, which is verry unusial in the naturul order or
 disposition of the hills.
 The Surrounding Plains is open void of Timber and leavel to a great
 extent; hence the wind from whatever quarter it may blow, drives with
 unusial force over the naked Plains and against this hill; the insects
 of various kinds are thus involuntaryly driven to the mound by the
 force of the wind, or fly to its Leward Side for Shelter; the Small
 Birds whoes food they are, Consequently resort in great numbers to this
 place in Surch of them; Perticularly the Small brown Martin of which we
 saw a vast number hovering on the Leward Side of the hill, when we
 approached it in the act of Catching those insects; they were So gentle
 that they did not quit the place untill we had arrivd. within a fiew
 feet of them-
 One evidence which the Inds Give for believeing this place to be the
 residence of Some unusial Spirits is that they frequently discover a
 large assemblage of Birds about this mound--is in my opinion a Suffient
 proof to produce in the Savage mind a Confident belief of all the
 properties which they ascribe it.
 from the top of this Mound we beheld a most butifull landscape;
 Numerous herds of buffalow were Seen feeding in various directions, the
 Plain to North N. W & N E extends without interuption as far as Can be
 Seen From the Mound to the mouth of Stone River is S. 20° E 9 miles.
 to the woods near the mouth of River Jacque is West
 to the High land near the mouth of Souis River is S. 70 E.
 to the high land opposit Side or near the Maha Town is S. 45 E.
 Some high lands to be Seen from the mound at a Great distance to the N.
 E Some Nearer to the N W. no woods except on the Missouris Points
 if all the timber which is on the Stone Creek was on 100 acres it would
 not be thickly timbered, the Soil of those Plains are delightfull Great
 numbers of Birds are Seen in those Plains, Such as black bird, Ren or
 Prarie burd a kind of larke about the Sise of a Partridge with a Short
 tail &c. &.
 25th Augt the Boat under the Comd. of Sergt. Pryor proceeded on in our
 absence (after jurking the Elk I Killed yesterday) Six Miles and Camped
 on the Larboard Side R Fields brought in five Deer. George Shannon
 Killed an Elk Buck Some rain this evening.
 we Set the Praries on fire as a Signal for the Soues to Come to the
 [Lewis, August 25, 1804]
 August the 25th
 on our return from the mound of sperits saw the first bats that we had
 observed since we began to ascend the Missouri
 also saw on our return on the Creek that passes this mound about 2 M.
 distant S. a bird of heron kind as large as the Cormorant short tale
 long leggs of a colour on the back and wings deep copper brown with a
 shade of red. we could not kill it therefore I can not describe it more
 [Clark, August 26, 1804]
 26th August Sunday 1804 arrived at the boat at 9 oClock A.M. Set out at
 10 oClock after Jurking the meet & Cutting the Elk Skins for a Toe Roap
 and proceeded, leaveing G. Drewyer & Shannon to hunt the horses, the
 river verry full of Sand bars and Wide Course S. 66° W. 2 mes. to a Sand
 bar Makeing out from the S. S. N. 82° W. 7 mes. to a pt. of willows S S
 passd. a Island & large Sand bars on both sides river wide and a Clift
 of White earth on the L. S of 2 ms. in length to a point of Willows on
 the S. S opposit Arch Creek above the mouth of this Creek a Chief of
 the Maha nataton displeased with the Conduct of Black bird the main
 Chief came to this place and built a Town which was called by his name
 Petite Arch (or Little Bow) this Town was at the foot of a Hill in a
 handsom Plain fronting the river and Contained about 100 huts & 200
 men, the remains of this tribe Since the Death of Petite arch has
 joined the remaining part of the nation This Creek is Small--we apt.
 Pat Gass Sergeant Vice Floyd Dicesed, Geathered great quantites of
 Grapes & three Kinds of Plumbs, one yellow round, & one ovel, & the
 Common wild Plumb. Misquetors bad to night--I have apt. you
 [Clark, August 26, 1804]
 26th August Sunday 1804
 (Joined the Boat at 9 oClock A M) after Jurking the meat Killed
 yesterday and prepareing the Elk Skins for a Toe Roape we Set out
 Leaveing Drewyer & Shannon to hunt the horses which was lost with
 directions to follow us Keeping on the high lands.
 proceeded on passed a Clift of White & Blue or Dark earths of 2 miles
 in extent on the L. S. and Camped on a Sand bar opposed the old village
 Called Pitite Arc a Small Creek falls into the river 15 yds wide below
 the Village on the Same Side L. S this village was built by a Indian
 Chief of the Maha nation by the name of Pitite arc (or little Bow)
 displeasd. with the Great Chief of that nation (Black Bird) Seperated
 with 200 men and built a village at this place. after his death the two
 villages joined, apt. Pat Gass a Sergt. Vice Floyd Deceased
 Great qts. of Grape, Plumbs of three Kinds 2 yellow and large of one of
 which is long and a 3rd kind round & red all well flavored.
 perticularly the yellow Sort.
 [Lewis, August 26, 1804]
 Orders August 26th 1804.
 The commanding officers have thought it proper to appoint Patric Gass,
 a Sergeant in the corps of volunteers for North Western Discovery, he
 is therefore to be obeyed and respected accordingly.
 Sergt. Gass is directed to take charge of the late Sergt. Floyd's mess,
 and immediately to enter on the discharge of such other duties, as by
 their previous orders been prescribed for the government of the
 Sergeants of this corps.
 The Commanding officers have every reason to hope from the previous
 faithfull services of Sergt. Gass, that this expression of their
 approbation will be still further confirmed, by his vigilent attention
 in future to his duties as a Sergeant. the Commanding officers are
 still further confirmed in the high opinion they had previously formed
 of the capacity, deligence and integrety of Sergt. Gass, from the wish
 expresssed by a large majority of his comrades for his appointment as
 Meriwether Lewis
 Capt. 1st U.S. Regt Infty.
 Wm Clark
 Cpt &.
 [Clark, August 27, 1804]
 27th August Monday, this morning the Morning Star was observed to be
 very large, G Drewyer Came up and informed that he Could neither find
 Shannon or the horses, he had walked all night--we Sent Shields & J.
 Fields back to look for Shannon & the horses and to Come up with us on
 the river above at the grand Callemet or River KaCure & we Set out
 under a Gentle Breeze from the S. E. proceeded on passed a Bluff at 7
 mes. Several mile in extent of white Clay Marl or Chalk, under this
 bank we discovered Large Stone resembling lime incrusted with a
 Substanc like Glass which I take to be Cabolt, also ore, three mes
 above this Bluff we Set the Prarie on fire, to let the Soues Know, we
 wished to see them at two oClock an Indian Swam to the Perogue, we
 landed & two other Came they were boys, they informed us that the Souex
 were Camped near, on the R Jacke one Maha boy informed us his nation
 was gorn to make a peace with the Pania's we Send Sjt. Pryor & a
 frenchman with the Interptr. Mr. Durion to the Camp to See & invite
 their Great Chiefs to Come and Counsel with us at the Callemet Bluffs
 ____ Mile abov on L. S.--we proceed on 11/2 miles farther & Camped S S.
 [Clark, August 27, 1804]
 27th August Monday 1804
 This morning the Star Calld. the morning Star much larger than Common
 G. Drewyer Came up and informed that he Could neither find Shannon nor
 horses, we Sent Shields & J Fields, back to hunt Shannon & the horses,
 with derections to Keep on the Hills to the Grand Calumet above on
 River Ka cure.
 We Set Sail under a gentle Breeze from the S. E. at 7 miles passed a
 white Clay marl or Chalk Bluff under this Bluff is extensive I
 discovered large Stone much like lime incrusted with a Clear Substance
 which I believe to be Cabalt, also ore is imbeded in the Dark earth,
 resembling Slate much Softer--above this Bluff we had the Prarie Set on
 fire to let the Souix See that we were on the river, & as a Signal for
 them to Come to it.
 at 2 oClock passed the mouth of River Jacque, or Yeankton one Indian at
 the mouth of this river Swam to the Perogue, we landed and two others
 came to us, those Inds. informed that a large Camp of Soues, were on R.
 Jacque near the mouth. we Sent Sergt. Pryor & a Frenchman with Mr.
 Durioin the Souls interpeter to the Camp with derections to invite the
 Principal Chiefs to councel with us at a Bluff above Called the
 Calumet--two of those Indians accompanied them and the third continued
 in the Boat Showing an inclination to Continue, this boy is a Mahar,
 and inform that his nation, were gorn to the Parnias to make a peace
 with that nation.
 We proceeded on about one and a half miles and in Camped on a bar
 makeing out from the S. S. the wind blew hard from the South. a Cool &
 Pleasent evening, The river has fallen verry Slowly and is now low.
 [Lewis, August 27, 1804]
 Monday August 27th
 On the Stard. shore, opposite to the lower point, or commencement of
 the white Calk Bluff-
 [Clark, August 28, 1804]
 28th August Tuesday, 1804 The wind blew hard last night one Indian
 Stayed with us all night, Set out under a Stiff Breeze from S and
 proceedd on passe a Willow Island at two miles Several Sand bars the
 river here is wide & Shallow full of Sand bars--The High land appear to
 be getting nearer to each other passed a Bluff containing Some white
 earth on the L. S. below this Bluff for Some mile the Plain rises
 gradually to the hight of the Bluff which is 70 or 80 foot, here the
 Indian boy left us for his Camp--Capt Lewis & my Self much indisposed-
 I think from the Homney we Substitute in place of bread, (or Plumbs) we
 proceeded on about 3 Miles higher and Camped below the Calumet Bluff in
 a Plain on the L. S. to waite the return of Sergt Pryor & Mr. Durioun,
 who we Sent to the Soues Camp from the mouth of R. Jacque, before we
 landed the French rund a Snag thro their Perogue, and like to have
 Sunk, we had her on loaded, from an examonation found that this Perogue
 was unfit for Service, & Deturmined to Send her back by the Party
 intended to Send back and take their Perogue, accordingly Changed the
 loads, Some of the loading was wet wind blows hard from the South. J
 Shields & J. Fields joined they did not overtake Shannon with the
 horses who is a head of us.
 [Clark, August 28, 1804]
 28th August Tuesday 1804.
 Set out under a Stiff Breeze from the South and proceeded on passd. a
 willow Island at 2 miles Several Sand bars, the river wide & Shallow at
 4 Miles passed a Short White Bluff of about 70 or 80 feet high, below
 this Bluff the Prarie rises gradually from the water back to the Hight
 of the Bluff which is on the Larboard Side here the Indian who was in
 the boat returned to the Sisouex Camp on the R Jacque, Capt. Lewis & my
 Self much indisposed owing to Some Cause for which we cannot account
 one of the Perogues run a Snag thro her and was near Sinking in the
 opinions of the Crew--we came too below the Calumet Bluff and formed a
 camp in a Butifull Plain near the foot of the high land which rises
 with a gradual assent near this Bluff I observe more timber in the
 valey & on the points than usial--The Perogue which was injurd I had
 unloaded and the Loading put into the other Perogue which we intended
 to Send back, the Perogue & changed the Crew after examoning her &
 finding that She was unfit for Service deturmined to Send her back by
 the party Some load which was in the Perogue much inju'd
 The wind blew hard this after noon from the South--J. Shields & J.
 Fields who was Sent back to look for Shannon & the Horses joined us &
 informed that Shannon had the horses a head and that they Could not
 over take him This man not being a first rate Hunter, we deturmined to
 Send one man in pursute of him with Some Provisions.-
 [Lewis, August 28, 1804]
 Orders August 28th 1804.
 The commanding officers direct that the two messes who form the crews
 of the perogues shall scelect each one man from their mess for the
 purpose of cooking and that these cooks as well as those previously
 appointed to the messes of the Barge crew, shall in future be exempted
 from mounting guard, or any detail for that duty; they are therefore no
 longer to be held on the royaster.
 M. Lewis Capt.
 1st US. Regt. Infty.
 Win Clark Cpt. &.
 [Clark, August 29, 1804]
 29th August Wednesday 1804--rained last night and Some this morning
 verry cloudy Set Some men to work to make a Toe rope of Elk Skin, and
 my Self to write, Sent one man to pursue Shannon a head with Some
 provisions, I am much engaged writeing a Speech at 4 oClock Sergt.
 Pryor & Mr. Durion the Soues interpeter with about 70 Soues arrived on
 the opposit Side of the river we Sent over for them, who came over Mr.
 D. & his Son who was tradeing with the Indians Came over Mr. Durion
 informed that three Chiefs were of the Party, we Sent over Serjt. Pryor
 with young Mr. Durion, Six Kettles for the Indians to Cook the meat
 they Killed on the way from their Camp (2 Elk & 6 Deer) a bout a bucket
 of Corn & 2 twists of Tobacco to Smoke intending to Speak to them
 tomorrow--G. Drewyer Killed a Deer-. Sergt. Pryor informs that when he
 approached the Indian Camp they Came to meet them Supposeing Cap Lewis
 or my Self to be of the party intending to take us in a roabe to their
 Camp-he approached the Camp which was handsum made of Buffalow Skins
 Painted different Colour, their Camps formed of a Conic form Containing
 about 12 or 15 persons each and 40 in number, on the River Jacque of
 100 yds wide & Deep Containing but little wood, They had a fat dog
 Cooked as a feest; for them, and a Snug aptmt for them to lodge on
 their march they passed thro plains Covd. with game &. &. &.
 [Clark, August 29, 1804]
 29th August Wednesday 1804
 Some rain last night & this morning, Sent on Colter with Provisions in
 pursute of Shannon, had a Toe roap made of Elk Skin, I am much engaged
 reriteing--at 4 oClock P M. Sergt. Pryor & Mr. Dorion with 5 Chiefs and
 about 70 men &c. arrived on the opposite Side we Sent over a Perogue &
 Mr. Dorrion & his Son who was tradeing with the Indians Came over with
 Serjt Pryer, and informed us that the Chiefs were there we Sent Serjt.
 Pryor & yound Mr. Dorion with Som Tobacco, Corn & a few Kitties for
 them to Cook in, with directions to inform the Chiefs that we would
 Speek to them tomorrow. Those Indians brought with them for their own
 use 2 Elk & 6 Deer which the young men Killed on the way from their
 Camp 12 miles distant.
 Serjt. Pryor informs me that when Came near the Indian Camp they were
 met by men with a Buffalow roabe to Carry them, Mr. Dorion informed
 "they were not the Owners of the Boats & did not wish to be Carried"-
 the Sceouex Camps are handson of a Conic form Covered with Buffalow
 Roabs Painted different Colours and all Compact & hand Somly arranged,
 covered all round an orpen part in the Center for the fire, with
 Buffalow roabs each Lodg has a place for Cooking detached, the lodges
 contain 10 to 15 persons--a Fat Dog was presented as a mark of their
 Great respect for the party of which they partook hartily and thought
 it good & well flavored
 The River Jacque is Deep & is navagable for Perogues a long distance up
 at the mouth it is Shallow & narrow but above it is 80 or 90 yards wide
 passing thro rich Praries with but little timber this river passes the
 Souex River and heads with the St Peters and a branch of Red river
 which which falls into Lake Winepik to the North
 [Clark, August 30, 1804]
 30th August Thursday 1804 A Foggeie morning I am much engagd. after
 Brackfast we sent Mr. Doroun in a Perogue to the other Side i'e L S.
 for the Chiefs and warriers of the Soues, he returned at 10 oClock with
 the Chiefs, at 12 oClock I finished and we delivered a Speech to the
 Indians expressive of the wishes of our government and explaining of
 what would be good for themselves, after delivering the Speech we made
 one grand Chief 1 2d Cheif and three third Chiefs and deliverd. to each
 a few articles and a Small present to the whole the grand Chief a
 Parole, Some wampom & a flag in addition to his present, they with Drew
 and we retired to dinner, Mr. Durions Sun much displeased that he could
 not dine with Cap Lewis and my Self--the number of Soues present is
 about 70 men--Dressed in Buffalow roabes a fiew fusees, Bows and
 arrows, and verry much deckerated with porcupine quills, a Society of
 which only four remains is present, this Society has made a vow never
 to giv back let what will happen, out of 22 only 4 remains, those are
 Stout likely men who Stay by them Selves, fond of mirth and assume a
 degree of Superiority-, the air gun astonished them verry much after
 night a circle was forrm around 3 fires and those Indians danced untill
 late, the Chiefs looked on with great dignity much pleased with what
 they had, we retired late and went to bead. wind hard from the South.
 [Clark, August 30, 1804]
 30th of August Thursday 1804
 a verry thick fog this morning after Prepareing Some presents for the
 Chiefs which we intended make by giving Meadals, and finishing a Speech
 what we intend'd to give them, we Sent Mr. Dorion in a Perogue for the
 Chiefs & warreirs to a Council under an Oak tree near wher we had a
 flag flying on a high flag Staff at 12 OClock we met and Cap L.
 Delivered the Speach & thin made one great Chiff by giving him a meadal
 & Some Cloathes one 2d. Chief & three third Chiefs in the Same way,
 They recvd. those thing with the goods and tobacco with pleasure To the
 Grand Chief we gave a Flag and the parole & wampom with a hat & Chiefs
 Coat, we Smoked out of the pipe of peace, & the Chiefs retired to a
 Bourey made of bushes by their young men to Divide their presents and
 Smoke eate and Council Capt Lewis & my Self retired to dinner and
 Consult about other measures--Mr. Daurion Jr. much displeased that we
 did not invite him to dine with us (which he was Sorry for after
 wards)--The Souix is a Stout bold looking people, (the young men hand
 Som) & well made, the greater part of them make use of Bows & arrows,
 Some fiew fusees I observe among them, not with Standing they live by
 the Bow & arrow, they do not Shoot So well as the Northern Indians the
 Warriers are Verry much deckerated with Paint Porcupin quils &
 feathers, large leagins & mockersons, all with buffalow roabs of
 Different Colours. the Squars wore Peticoats & and a white Buffalow
 roabes with the black hair turned back over their necks & Sholders
 I will here remark a Society which I had never before this day heard
 was in any nation of Indians--four of which is at this time present and
 all who remain of this Band--Those who become members of this Society
 must be brave active young men who take a Vow never to give back let
 the danger be what it may; in War Parties they always go foward without
 Screening themselves behind trees or any thing else to this Vow they
 Strictly adheer dureing their Lives--an instanc which happened not long
 Since, on a party in Crossing the R Missourie on the ice, a whole was
 in the ice imediately in their Course which might easily have been
 avoided by going around, the foremost man went on and was lost the
 others wer draged around by the party--in a battle with the Crow
 Indians who inhabit the Coul Noir or black mountain out of 22 of this
 society 18 was Killed, the remaining four was draged off by their Party
 Those men are likely fellows the Sit together Camp & Dance together-
 This Society is in imitation of the Societies of the de Curbo or Crow
 Indians from whome they imitate-
 [Clark, August 31, 1804]
 31st of August Friday rose early a fair Day--a curioes Society among
 this nation worthey of remark, ie, formed of their active deturmined
 young men, with a vow never to give back, let the danger or deficuelty
 be what it may, in war parties they always go forward, without
 Screening themselves behind trees or anything else, to this vow they
 Strictly adheer dureing their Lives, an Instance of it, is last winter
 on a march in Crossing the Missourei a hole was in the ice immediately
 in their Course which might easily be avoided by going around, the fore
 most man went on and was drowned, the others were caught by their party
 and draged aroundin a battle with the Crow de Curbo Indians out of 22
 of this Society 18 was killed, the remaining four was draged off by
 their friends, and are now here--they assocate together Camp together
 and are merry fellows, This Custom the Souex learned of the de Carbours
 inhabiting the Gout Noie or Black mountain all the Chiefs Delivered a
 Speech agreeing to what we Said &. &. & beged which I answered from my
 notes. We made or gav a certificate to two Brave men the attendants of
 the Great Chief gave them Some tobacco and prepared a Commission for
 Mr. Darion to make a peace with all the nations in the neighbourhood,
 Mahas, Porncases, Panic, Loups, Ottoes and Missouries--& to take to the
 President Some of the Gt Chiefs of each nations who would accompany him
 allso to do certain other things, and wrot Instructions--gave him a
 flag and Some Cloaths--the Chiefs Sent all their young men home, and
 they Stayed for Mr. Dorion--in the evening late we gave the Comsn. &
 Instruction to Mr. Durion & he recved them with pleasa, & promised to
 do all which was necessary. I took a Vocabulary of the Seouex language,
 and a fiew answers to Some queries I put to Mr. Pitte Dorion respecting
 the War No. Situation Trad &c. &. of that people which is divided into
 20 tribes possessing Sepperate interest they are numerous between 2 &
 3000 men, divided into 20 tribes who view their interests as defferent
 Some bands at War with Nations which other bands are at peace--This
 nation call themselves-Dar co tar. The french call them Souex Their
 language is not perculiar to themselves as has been Stated, a great
 many words is the Same with the Mahas, Ponckais, Osarge, Kanzies &c.
 Clearly proves to me those people had the Same Oregean--this nations
 inhabit the red river of Hudson bay St. Peters Missippi, Demoin R.
 Jacque & on the Missourie they are at War with 20 nations, and at piece
 with 8 only--they recved their trade from the British except a few on
 the Missourie they furnish Beaver Martain Loues orter, Pekon Bear and
 Deer and have forty Traders at least among them. The names of the
 Different bands of this nation are-
 1st Che the ree or Bois ruley (the present band) Inhabit the Souex
 Jacque & Demoin Rivers
 2nd Ho in de bor to or poles. They live on the head of the Suouex River
 3rd Me ma car jo (or make fence on the river.) the Country near the Big
 bend of the Missouri.
 4th Son on to ton (People of the Prarie) they rove North of the
 Missourie in the Praries above.
 5th Wau pa Coo do (Beeds) they live near the Prarie de Chaine on the
 6th Te tar ton (or Village of Prarie) on the waters of the Mississippi
 above Prate de Chain (Dog Prarie)
 7th Ne was tar ton (Big Water Town) on the Mississippi above the mouth
 of the St. Peters River.
 8th Wau pa to (Leaf Nation). 10 Leagues up St. Peters
 9th Cass car ba (White man) 35 Lgs. up St Peters
 10 Mi ac cu op si ba (Cut Bank) reside on the head of St. Peters river
 11 Son on--on St. Peters in the Praries
 12th Se si toons--40 Leagues up St Peters.
 The names of the other tribes I could not get In
 31st August 1804 Speeches
 at 8 oClock the Chiefs and warriers met us in Council all with their
 pipes with the Stems presented towards us, after a Silence of abt. ____
 The great Chief Dressed himself in his fine Cloathes and two warriers
 in the uniform and armer of their Nation Stood on his left with a War
 Club & Speer each, & Dressed in feathurs.
 The Shake hand 1st Chief Spoke
 My Father. I am glad to here the word of my G. F. and all my warriers
 and men about me are also glad.
 My Father.--now I see my two fathers the Children, of my great father,
 & what you have Said I believe and all my people do believ also
 My Father--We are verry glad you would take pitty on them this Day, we
 are pore and have no powder and ball.
 My Father.--We are verry Sorry our women are naked and all our
 children, no petiecoats or cloathes
 My Father--You do not want me to Stop the boats going up if we See,
 I wish a man out of your boat to bring about a peace, between all the
 Indians, & he can do So.
 My Father--Listen to what I say I had an English medal when I went to
 See them, I went to the Spanoriards they give me a meadel and Some
 goods, I wish you would do the Same for my people.
 My Father.--I have your word I am glad of it & as Soon as the Ice is
 don running I will go down & take with me, Some great men of the other
 bands of the Soues
 My Father--I will be glad to See My Grand Father but our Women has got
 no Cloathes and we have no Powder & Ball, take pity on us this day.
 My Father--I want to listen and observe wath you Say, we want our old
 friend (Mr. Durion) to Stay with us and bring the Indians with my Self
 down this Spring.
 My Father--I opend my ears and all my yound men and we wish you to let
 Mr. Durion Stay, and a Perogue for to take us down in the Spring.
 The speach of th White Crain Mar to ree 2d Chief
 My Fathr's listen to my word, I am a young man and do not intend to
 talk much, but will Say a few words.
 My Father--my father was a Chief, and you have made me a Chief I now
 think I am a chief agreeable to your word as I am a young man and
 inexperienced, cannot say much What the Great Chief has Said is as much
 as I could Say
 Par nar ne Ar par be Struck by the Pana 3d Chief
 My father's I cant Speek much I will Speek a litle to you
 My fathers.--ther's the Chiefs you have made high, we will obey them,
 as also my young men, the Pipe I hold in my hand is the pipe of my
 father, I am pore as you See, take pity on me I believe what you have
 My fathers--You think the great meadel you gave My great Chief pleases
 me and the small one you gave me gives me the heart to go with him to
 See my Great father. What the Great Chief has Said is all I could Say.
 I am young and Cant Speek.
 A Warrier by name Tar ro mo nee Spoke
 My father--I am verry glad you have made this man our great
 Chief, the British & Spaniards have acknowledged him before but never
 Cloathed him. you have Cloathed him, he is going to see our Great
 father, We do not wish to spear him but he must go and see his great
 My Fathr's, my great Chief must go and See his Gd father, give him some
 of your milk to Speek to his young men,
 My father. our people are naked, we wish a trader to Stop among us, I
 would be verry glad our two fathers would give us some powder and ball
 and some Milk with the flag.
 Speech of Ar ca we char chi the half man 3d Chief
 My fathr's I do not Speak verry well, I am a pore man and
 My Fathr's. I was once a Chiefs boy now I am a man and a Chief of Some
 My Fat hr's--I am glad you have made my old Chief a fine and a great
 man, I have been a great warrier but now I here your words, I will
 berry my hatchet and be at peace with all & go with my Great Chief to
 see my great father.
 My fath-s. When I was a young man I went to the Spaniards to see ther
 fassion, I like you talk and will pursue you advice, Since you have
 given me a meadal. I will tell you the talk of the Spaniards
 My Father's.--I am glad my Grand father has sent you to the read people
 on this river, and that he has given us a flag large and handsom the
 Shade of which we can Sit under
 My Fathr's.--We want one thing for our nation very much we have no
 trader, and often in want of goods
 My Fathers--I am glad as well as all around me to here your word, and
 we open our ears, and I think our old Frend Mr. Durion can open the
 ears of the other bands of Soux. but I fear those nations above will
 not open their ears, and you cannot I fear open them
 My Fathers. You tell us that you wish us to make peace with the Ottoes
 & M. You have given 5 Medles I wish you to give 5 Kigz with them
 My Fathers.--My horses are pore running the Buffalow give us
 Some powder and ball to hunt with, and leave old Mr. Durion with us to
 get us a trader
 My Father.--The Spaniards did not keep the Medal of the Token of our
 Great Chief when they gave him one You have Dressed him and I like it I
 am pore & take pitey on me
 My fathers--I am glad you have put heart in our great Chief he can now
 speak with confidence, I will support him in all your Councilsafter all
 the chief presented the pipe to us
 The Half man rose & spoke as follows viz.
 My father--What you have Said is well, but you have not given any thing
 to the attendants of the Great Chiefs after which
 In the evening late we gave Mr. Dorion a bottle of whiskey and himself
 with the Chiefs Crossed the river and Camped on the opposit bank Soon
 after a violent Wind from the N W. accompanied with rain
 [Clark, August 31, 1804]
 31st of August
 We gave a Certificate to two Men of War, attendants on the Chief gave
 to all the Chiefs a Carrot of Tobacco--had a talk with Mr. Dorion, who
 agreed to Stay and Collect the Chiefs from as many Bands of Soux as he
 coud this fall & bring about a peace between the Sciuex & their
 neighbours &. &c. &c.
 after Dinner we gave Mr. Peter Darion, a Comission to act with a flag &
 some Cloathes & Provisions & instructions to bring about a peace with
 the Scioux Mahars, Panies, Ponceries, Ottoes & Missouries--and to
 employ any trader to take Some of the Cheifs of each or as many of
 those nations as he Could Perticularly the Sceiouex--I took a
 Vocabulary of the Scioux Language--and the Answer to a fiew quaries
 Such as refured to ther Situation, Trade, number War, &c. &c.--This
 Nation is Divided into 20 Tribes, possessing Seperate interests-
 Collectively they are noumerous Say from 2 to 3000 men, their interests
 are so unconnected that Some bands are at war with Nations which other
 bands are on the most friendly terms. This Great Nation who the French
 has given the nickname of Sciouex, Call them selves Dar co tar their
 language is not peculiarly their own, they Speak a great number of
 words, which is the Same in every respect with the Maha, Poncaser,
 Osarge & Kanzies. which Clearly proves that those nation at Some Period
 not more that a century or two past the Same nation--Those Dar ca ter's
 or Scioux inhabit or rove over the Countrey on the Red river of Lake
 Winipeck, St. Peter's & the West of the Missippie above Prarie De chain
 heads of River Demoin, and the Missouri and its waters on the N. Side
 for a great extent. They are only at peace with 8 Nations, & agreeable
 to their Calculation at war with twenty odd.--Their trade Corns from
 the British, except this Band and one on Demoin who trade with the
 Traders of St Louis--The furnish Beaver Martain, Loues Pikon, Bear and
 Deer Skins-and have about 40 Traders among them. The Dar co tar or
 Sceouex rove & follow the Buffalow raise no corn or any thing else the
 woods & praries affording a Suffcency, the eat Meat, and Substitute the
 Ground potato which grow in the Plains for bread The names of the
 Different Tribes or Canoes of the Sceoux or Dar co tar Nation
 1st Che cher ree Yank ton (or bois rulay) now present inhabit the
 Sciouex & Demoin rivers and the Jacques.
 2nd Hoin de borto (Poles) they rove on the heads of Souix & Jacqus
 3rd Me ma car jo (make fence of the river) rove on the Countrey near
 the big bend of the Missouries
 4th Sou on, Teton (People of the Prarie) the rove in the Plains N. of
 the Riv Missouries above this
 5th Wau pa coo tar (Leaf beds) the live near the Prare de Chain near
 the Missippi
 6th Te tar ton (or village of Prarie) rove on the waters of the
 Mississippi above Prarie de Chain
 7th Ne was tar ton (big water Town) rove on the Missippi above the St.
 Peters River
 8th Wau pa tow (Leaf nation) live 10 Leagues up St Peters river
 9th Cas Car ba (white man) live 35 Leagus up St Peters river
 10th Mi ca cu op si ba (Cut bank) rove on the head of St. Peters
 11th Sou on (-) rove on St peters river in the Prareis
 12th Sou si toons (-) live 40 Legus up the St peters river
 The names of the other bands neither of the Souex's interpters could
 inform me. in the evening late we gave Mr. Dourion a bottle of whiskey,
 & he with the Cheifs & his Son Crossed the river and Camped on the
 Opposit bank--Soon after night a violent wind from the N W. with rain
 the rain Continud the greater part of the night The river a riseing a
 [Clark, August 31, 1804]
 August the 31st 1804
 after the Indians got their Brackfast the Chiefs met and arranged
 themselves in a row with elligent pipes of peace all pointing to our
 Seets, we Came foward and took our Seets, the Great Cheif The Shake han
 rose and Spoke to Some length aproving what we had Said and promissing
 to pursue the advice.
 Mar to ree 2d Cheif (White Crain) rose and made a Short Speech and
 refured to the great Chief
 Par nar ne Ar par be 3rd Cheif rose and made a Short Speech
 Ar ca we char the (the half man) 3d Chief rose & spoke at Some length.
 Much to the purpose.
 The othe Cheif Said but little one of the warreirs Spoke after all was
 don & promissed to Support the Chiefs, the promisd to go and See their
 Great father in the Spring with Mr. Dorion, and to do all things we had
 advised them to do. and all Concluded by telling the distresses of ther
 nation by not haveing traders, & wished us to take pity on them, the
 wanted Powder Ball & a little milk
 last night the Indians Danced untill late in their dances we gave them
 Som knives Tobaco & belts & tape & Binding with which they wer Satisfied