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Article Index


Every such vacancy shall be filled by election, at the first general election that occurs more than thirty days after it shall have happened, and the person chosen shall hold the office for the unexpired term.

SEC. 15. The officers mentioned in this article shall, at stated times, receive for their services a compensation established by law, which shall neither be increased or diminished during the period for which they shall have been elected.

SEC. 16. The officers of the Executive Department, and of all public State institutions, shall, at least ten days preceding each regular session of the Legislature, severally report to the Governor, who shall transmit such reports to the Legislature.

Article II -- Legislative

SECTION 1. The Legislative power of the State shall be vested in a House of Representatives and Senate.

SEC. 2. The first House of Reresentatives under this Constitution shall consist of seventy-five members who shall be chosen for one year. The first Senate shall consist of twenty-five members who shall be chosen for two years. After the first elecion,the number of Senators and Members of the House of Representatives shall be regulated by law, but shall never exceed one hundred Representatives and thirty-three Senators.

SEC. 3. The members of the Legislature shall receive as compensation for their services, the sum of three dollars for each day's actual service at any regular or special session, and fifteeen cents for each mile traveled by the usual route, in going to and returning from the place of meeting; but such compensation shall not in the aggregate exceed the sum of two hundred and forty dollars for each member, as per diem allowance for the first session held under this Constitution, nor more than one hundred and fifty dollars for each session thereafter, nor more than ninety dollars for any special session.

SEC. 4. No person shall be a member of the Legislature who is not at the time of his election a qualified voter of and resident in the county or district for which he is elected.

SEC. 5. No member of Congress, or officer of the United States, shall be eligible to a seat in the Legislature. If any person, after his election, be elected to Congress, or elected or appointed to any office under the United States, his acceptance thereof shall vacate his seat.

SEC. 6. No person convicted of embezzlement or misuse of public funds shall have a seat in the Legislature.

SEC. 7. All State officers, before entering upon their respective duties, shall take and subscribe an oath or affirmation in support the Constitution of the United States and the Constitution of this State, and faithfully to discharge the duties of their respective offices.

SEC. 8. A majority of each house shall constitute a quorum. Each house shall establish its own rules, and shall be judge of elections, returns and qualifications of its own members.

SEC. 9. All vacancies occurring in either house shall be filled for the unexpired term by election.

SEC. 10. Each house shall keep and publish a journal of its proceedings. The yeas and nays will be taken, and entered immediately on the journal, upon the final passage of every bill or joint resolution. Neither house, without the consent of the other, shall adjourn for more than two days, Sundays excepted.

SEC. 11. Any member of either house shall have the right to protest against any bill or resolution, and such protest shall, without delay or alteration, be entered on the journal.

SEC. 12. All bills shall originate in the House of Representatives, and be subject to amendment or rejection by the Senate.

SEC. 13. A majority of all members of each house, voting in the affirmative, shall be necessary to pass any bill or joint resolution.

SEC.14. Every bill and joint resolution passed by the House of Representatives and Senate shall, within two days thereafter, be signed by the presiding officers, and presented to the Governor. If he approve it, he shall sign it; but if not, he shall return it to the House of Representatives, which shall enter the objections at large upon its journal, and proceed to reconsider the same. If, after such reconsideration, two-thirds of the members elected shall agree to pass the bill or resolution, it shall be sent, with the objections to the Senate, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two-thirds of the members elected, it shall become law. But in all such cases, the vote shall be taken by yeas and nays, and entered upon the journals of each house. If any bill shall not be returned within three days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to the Governor, it shall become law in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the Legislature, by its adjournment, prevent its return, in which case it shall not become a law.

SEC. 15. Every bill shall be read on three separate days in each house, unless in case of emergency. Two-thirds of the house where such bill is pending may, if deemed expedient, suspend the rules; but the reading of the bill by sections, on it final passage, shall in no case be dispensed with.

SEC.16. No bill shall contain more than one subject, which shall be clearly expressed in its title, and no law shall be revived or amended, unless the new act contain the entire act revived, or the section or sections so amended shall be repealed.

SEC. 17. All laws of a general nature shall have a uniform operation throughout the State; and in all cases where a general laws can be made applicable, no special law shall be enacted.

SEC. 18. All power to grant divorces is vested in the district courts, subject to regulation by law.

SEC. 19. The Legislature shall prescribe the time when its acts shall be in force, and shall provide for the speedy publication of the same; and no law of a general nature shall be in force until the same be published. It shall have the power to provide for the election or appointment of all officers, and the filling of all vacancies not otherwise provided for in this Constitution.

SEC. 20. The enacting clause of all laws shall be, "Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Kansas," and no law shall be enacted except by bill.

SEC. 21. The Legislature may confer upon tribunals transacting the county business of the several counties such powers of local legislation and administration as it shall deem expedient.

SEC. 22. For any speech or debate in either house, the members shall not be questioned elsewhere. No member of the Legislature shall be subject to arrest--except for felony or breach of the peace--in going to or returning from the place of meeting, or during the continuance of the session; neither shall be he subject to the service of any civil process during the session, nor for fifteen days previous to its commencement.

SEC. 23. The Legislature, in providing for the formation and regulation of schools, shall make no distinction between the rights of males and females.

SEC. 24. No money shall be drawn from the treasury except in pursuance of a specific appropriation made by law, and no appropriation shall be for a longer term than one year.

SEC. 25. All sessions of the Legislature shall be held at the State capital, and all regular sessions shall commence annually, on the second Tuesday of January.

SEC. 26. The Legislature shall provide for taking an enumeration of the inhabitants of the State, at least once in ten years. The first enumeration shall be taken in A.D. 1865.

SEC. 27. The House of Representatives shall have