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Barber County takes its name from Thomas W. Barber, a Free-State settler in Douglas County, who was killed near Lawrence on December 6, 1855. It was intended when the county was christened that it should bear the name of Barber, but somebody, out of an exceedingly wise head, determined that the spellilng should be Barbour, and it stood in this form until 1883, when the Legislature enacted that henceforward the county should bear the name originally given it. Source: Cutler's History of the State of Kansas 


County Seat: Medicine Lodge

Date organized: 1873

County History:

  1. Cutler's History of the State of Kansas, Barber County 
  2. Barber County History on the County Website 


Historic Landmarks, State, National:

  1. Carry Nation Home (Medicine Lodge)
  2. Medicine Lodge Peace Treaty Marker
  3. Country singer Martina McBride is from Sharon, Kansas

County Historical Society:

  1. Barber County Heritage Center 
  2. Medicine Lodge Peace Treaty Association 
  3. Medicine Lodge Stockade Museum 

Websites about the county:

  1. Barber County Government 
  2. City of Medicine Lodge | Facebook
  3. City of Kiowa, Kansas