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[Clark, September 1, 1804]
 September 1st Satturday 1804 Mr. Durion left his Kettle which we gave
 him, which we Sent to him and Set out under a gentle Breeze from the
 South (raind half the last night,) proceded on--pass Calumet Bluff of a
 yellowish read & a brownish white Hard clay, this Bluff is about 170 or
 180 foot high here the highlands aproach the river on each Side with a
 jentle assent, opsd. the Bluff a large Island Covered with timber is
 Situated Close to the L. S. we passed the Island opposit which the high
 land approach the river on both Side (river ros 3 Inchs last night)
 passed a large Island Covered with wood on the L. S. Some rain, cloudy
 all day--the river wide & Hils close on each Side, Came to before night
 to go & See a Beaver house which is 11/2 Miles to the L. S. of the riv
 Cap Lewis & my self with two men went to See this house which was
 represented as high & situated in a Small pond. we could not find the
 Pon. Drewyer Killed a Buck Elk, it is not necessary to mention fish as
 we catch them at any place on the river, Camped at the lower point of
 Bonhomme Island-
 [Clark, September 1, 1804]
 September 1st Satturday 1804
 Mr. Dourion left his Kettle & Sent back for it &c. We Set out under a
 jentle Breeze from the S. (It rained half the last night) proceeded on
 pass the Bluffs Compsd. of a yellowish red, & brownish White Clay which
 is a hard as Chalk this Bluff is 170 or 180 feet high, here the High
 lands approach near the river on each Side, that on the S. S. not So
 high as that on the L. S. opposit the Bluffs is Situated a large Island
 Covered with timber close under the L. S. above the Isd the high land
 approach & form a Clift to the river on the S. S. this Clift is Called
 White Bear Clift one of those animals haveing been killed in a whole in
 [Clark, September 1, 1804]
 1st of September Satturday 1804
 Some hard wind and rain, Cloudy all day, the river wide & hills on each
 Side near the river, passd. a large (1) Island which appeared to be
 composed of Sand, Covered with Cotton wood close under the S. S. we
 landed at the Lower point of a large Island on the S. S. Called bon
 homme or Good man, here Capt Lewis & my Self went out a Short distance
 on the L. S. to See a Beave house, which was Said to be of Great hite &
 Situated in a Pond we could not find the house and returned after night
 Drewyer killed an Elk, & a Beaver. numbers of Cat fish cought, those
 fish is so plenty that we catch them at any time and place in the river
 [Clark, September 2, 1804]
 2nd of Sept. Sunday 1804--Set out early & proceeded on passed the
 Island & Came too above below a yellow Bluff on the S S. the Wind being
 hard from the N W. verry Cold Some rain all day much Thunder &
 lightning G Drewyer R. Fields Howard & Newmon Killed four fat Elk on
 the Isld. we had them Jurked &the Skins Stretched to Cover the Perogues
 water riseing, I observe Bear grass & Rhue in the Sides of the hills at
 Sunset the wind luled and cleared up cool--Aired the meet all in high
 Spirits--Shannon & the man Sent after him has not yet joind us
 2 Sepr. description of a antient fortification
 (1) From the river on the top of the antient fortification at this the
 12 foot high 75 feet Base first Corse is from the river is S 76° W 96
 yards. S 84° W. 53 yds. at this angle a kind of ravilene covering a
 Saleport, bearing East widing N 69 W 300 yds. passed a gate way at 280
 yds. the bank lower & forming a right angle of 30 yards--two wings or
 mounds running from a high nold to the West of the way one 30 yards
 back of the other Covering the gate (at this place the mound is 15 feet
 8 Inches higher than the plain forming a Glassee outwards & 105 feet
 base N. 32 W. 56 yards N. 20 W. 73 yards this part of the work is about
 12 feet high, leavel & about 16 feet wide on the top) at the experation
 of this course a low irregular work in a Direction to the river, out
 Side of which is several ovel mounds of about 16 feet high and at the
 iner part of the Gouge a Deep whole across the Gauge N.
 32 W 96 yds. to the Commencment of a wall of about 8 feet high N.81° W.
 533 yards to a Deep pond 73 yds in Deamuter, and 200 yards further to a
 Saleport, where there is evident marks of its being Covered, the Same
 Course Contined 1030 yards to the river bottom.
 One half of the first part of the Fortification is washed into the
 river, a Second line, has run from the Northrn extremity parrelel with
 the river (as it appears to have run at that time) N. 56 W. this of
 different hith from 4 to to 10 feet--The high land is about 3 me. from
 this fortress, and rise to Small mountains Say from 3 to 400 feet the
 high land on the opposit or North Side of the Missourie is 110 feet
 forming a yellow Clay bluff to the water and is leavel back as fur as
 can be Seen. I am informed by the inteperter & french, that they have
 Seen, numbers of those fortifications in different parts of this Cty.
 pirtcularly on the Platt Kansies and the North of this place on the
 river Jacque.
 two Small fortifications is on the Arc Creek on the upper side 1st 1/4
 of a mile up & the 2d 1/4 higher, nearly Square each angle 100 yards
 [Clark, September 2, 1804]
 2nd September Sunday 1804
 Set out early and proceeded on Passed the Island and Landed on the S. S
 above under a yellow Clay bluff of 110 feet high, the wind blew verry
 hard a head from the N. W. with Some rain and verry Cold, G. Drewnyer
 R. Fields Newman & howard Killed four fine Elk we had the meat all
 jurked and the Skins Dried to Cover the Perogue, on the Side of the
 Bluff I observed Bear Grass & Rhue, at Sun Set the wind luled and
 Cleared up Cold, the high land on the L. S. is verry high, & uneaven,
 that on the S. S from 80 to 120 foot & is leavel back but fiew Small
 Streems falling into the river.
 I went out and made a Survey of the antient works which is Situated in
 a level plain about 3 miles from the hills which are high.
 A Discription of the Fortification
 (1) Commenceing on the river opsid the Good Mans Island, first Course
 from the river is
 S. 76d W. 96 yards thence
 S. 84 W. 53 yards (at this angle a kind of angle or horn work)
 N. 69 W. 300 yards to a high part, passing the gateway Covered by two
 half Circler works one back of the other lower than the main work the
 gate forms a right angle projecting inward
 N.32 W. 56 yards
 N 20 W. 73 yards This part of the work appears to have either double,
 or a covered way. from this Some irregular works appear to have been on
 mounds between this and the river with a Deep round whole in the center
 of a gorge formed by another angle
 This part of the work is from 10 to 15 feet 8 Inches--the mounds of
 various hights--the base of the work is from 75 to 105 feet, steep
 inward and forming a kind of Glassee out wards
 the Same Cours continued i e
 N. 32°W. 96 yards to the Commencement of a wall from 8 to 10 feet high
 this corse not on the wall but thro to the commencment of another
 N. 81° W 1830 yards to the river & above where this bank Strikes the
 river is the remains of a Circular work
 in this Course at 533 yards a Deep Pond of 73 yards Diameter perfectly
 round is in the Course of the bank which is about 8 feet high, from
 this Pond the bank it lowers gradually--a bank about the Same hight
 runs near the river, and must have joined the main work at a part which
 is now washed into the river, this is also perfectly Streight and
 widens from the main work, as the river above has washed in its banks
 for A great distance I cannot form an Idear How those two long works
 joined--where they Strike the river above, they are about 1100 yds
 apart, I am informed by our freench interpeters that a great number of
 those antint works are in Different parts of this Countrey, on the
 Platt River, Kansus, Jacque, Osarge Mine river &c.
 Small one is on Island opposit the one I have Discribed, and two of our
 Party Saw two of those antient frtresses on the Pittiet Arc Creek on
 the upper Side near the mouth, each angle of which were 100 yards and
 about 8 feet high-
 [Clark, September 3, 1804]
 3rd September Monday 1804. Set out at Sun rise, verry Cold morning
 clear and but little wind from the N W. we proceeded on, the river
 wide, took an obsivation below Plumb Creek which mouths on the S S.
 this Creek is Small & corns in between 2 white banks, Great quantities
 of Plumbs of a most delisious flavour, I have collected the Seed of 3
 Kinds which I intend to Send to my brother, also Som grapes of a
 Superior quallity large & well flavoured, the river is riseing a
 little, Several wild Goats Seen in the Plains they are wild & fleet Elk
 & Buffalow is verry plenty, Scercely any timber in Countrey except a
 little on the river in the Points. Saw Some Signs of the 2 men who are
 a head, Colter has not over taken Shannon Camped on the L. S. at the
 edge of a Plain-
 [Clark, September 3, 1804]
 3rd of September Monday 1804
 a verry Cold morning wind from N. W. we Set out at Sun rise, &
 proceeded on to a Bluff below the mouth of Plumb 12 yds. Creek on the
 S. S. and took an obsevation of the Suns Altitude
 This Creek is Small it "abounds with blumbs of a Delicious flavour" the
 River is wide and Crouded with Sand bars--it is riseing a little but
 little timber in this Countrey all that is, is on the river in the
 points. we Came too on the L. Sin the edge of a Plain an Camped for the
 night--we Saw Some Signs of the two men Shannon & Colter, Shannon
 appeared to be a head of Colter--The White banks appear to Continu on
 both sides of the river. Grapes plenty and finely flavered-
 [Clark, September 4, 1804]
 4th of September Tuesday 1804. a verry Cold wind from South E. by S. we
 Set out early proceeded on to the mouth of a Small Creek in the bend to
 the L. S. Called white line at 11/2 miles furthr passed the mouth of a
 R au platte or White paint Cr about 25 yd. on Same Side Called, I
 walked on the top of the hill forming a Cliff Covd. with red Ceeder an
 extensive view from this hill, at 3 Miles from the Creek the high land
 jut the river forming a Bluff of Bluish Clay Continu 11/2 miles Came to
 at the mouth of Qui courre (rapid) this river Comes roleing its Sands
 whuch (is corse) into the Missouris from the S W by W. this river is
 152 yards across the water and not exeeding 4 feet Deep it does not
 rise high when it Does it Spreds over a large Surface, and is not
 navagable it has a Great many Small Islands & Sand bars I went up this
 river 3 miles to the Spot the Panis once had a large Village on the
 upper Side in a butifull extensive Plain riseing gradially from the
 river I fel into a Buffalow road joined the boat late at night at the
 Pania Island.
 [Clark, September 4, 1804]
 4th September Tuesday 1804
 a verry Cold wind from the S. S. E, we Set out early and proceeded on
 the mouth of a Small Creek in a bend to the L. S. Called White lime, at
 11/2 miles higher up passed a large Creek on the L. S. Called or white
 paint between those two Creeks (the latter of which is abt. 30 yds.
 wide) we passed under a Bluff of red Ceeder, at 4 mes. 1/2 passed the
 mouth of the River Que Courre (rapid R) on the L. S. and Came to a
 Short distance above, this River is 152 yards wide at the mouth & 4
 feet Deep Throwing out Sands like the Platt (only Corser) forming bars
 in its mouth, I went up this river three miles to a butifull Plain on
 the upper Side where the Panias once had a Village this river widens
 above its mouth and is devided by Sand and Islands, the Current verry
 rapid, not navagable for even Canoos without Great dificulty owing to
 its Sands; the colour like that of the Plat is light the heads of this
 river is not known, it Corns into the Missourie from the S. W. by West,
 and I am told that is Genl. Course Some distance up is parrelel with
 the Missourie
 [Clark, September 5, 1804]
 5th September 1804 Wednesday, Set out early the wind blew hard from the
 South as it has for Some Days past, we Set up a jury mast & Sailed, I
 saw a large gangue of Turkeys, also Grous Seen Passed a large Island of
 about 3 miles long in the Middle of the river opposit the head of this
 Island the Poncarre River Coms into the Missourei on the L. S.--the S.
 S is a Clift under which great numbers of Springs run out of mineral
 water, Saw Several wild goats on the Clift & Deer with black tales,-
 Sent Shields & Gibson to the Poncas Towns, which is Situated on the
 Ponca river on the lower side about two miles from its mouth in an open
 butifull Plain, at this time this nation is out hunting the biffalow
 they raise no corn or Beens, Gibson killed a Buffalow in the Town, The
 two men which has been absent several Days is ahead, we came to on the
 upper pt. of a large Island at 3 oClock to make a mast Sent out Some
 hunters on the Island (which I call no preserve Island, at this place
 we used the last of our Preservs) They killed 3 bucks, & two Elk which
 [Clark, September 5, 1804]
 September 5th Wednesday 1804
 Set out early the winds blew hard from the South, Goats turkeys Seen to
 day, passed a large Island (1) opsd. this Island near the head the
 Poncasar River Coms into the Missourie from the West this river is
 about 30 yards wide. dispatched two men to the Poncaries Village
 Situated in a handsom Plain on the lower Side of this Creek about two
 miles from the Missourie (the Poncasars nation is Small and at this
 time out in the praries hunting the Buffalow), one of the men Sent to
 the Village Killed a Buffalow in the town, the other, a large Buck near
 it, Some Sign of the two men who is a head.
 above the Island on the S. S We passed under a Bluff of Blue earth,
 under which Seveal Mineral Springs broke out of the water of which had
 a taste like Salts, we Came too on the upper point of a large Island
 (which I call No preserves Island) here we made a Ceeder Mast, our
 hunters brought in three bucks, and two elks this evening which we had
 One of the hunter Shields, informed that he Saw Several black tailed
 Deer, near the Poncaser Village
 [Lewis, September 5, 1804]
 Sept 5th
 saw some wild goats or antelopes on the hill above the Glauber Salts
 Springs they ran off we could not discover them sufficiently distinctly
 to discribe even their colour their track is as large as a deer reather
 broader & more blont at the point
 This day one of our hunters brought us a Serpent beautifully variagated
 with small black spotts of a romboydal form on a light yellow white
 ground the black pedominates most on the back the whiteis yellow on the
 sides, and it is nearly white on the belly with a few party couloured
 scuta on which the black shews but imperfectly and the colouring matter
 seems to be underneath the Scuta--it is not poisonous it hisses
 remarkably loud; it has 221 Scuta on the belly and 51 on the tale, the
 eyes are of a dark black colour the tale terminates in a sharp point
 like the substance of a cock's spur--Length 4 Ft. 6 I.
 [Clark, September 6, 1804]
 6th Septr Thursday 1804, a Storm this morning from the N W. at day
 light which lasted a fiew minits, Set out after the Storm was over and
 proceeded on a hard wind ahead passed the island which is Seperated
 from the L. Side by a narrow Channel. the morning is verry Cold.
 Camped on S. Side before night no timbering in reach ahead, R. Fields
 killed 2 Deer Saw Buffalow, & Goats this evening, the river riseing a
 [Clark, September 6, 1804]
 Septr. 6th Thursday 1804
 a Storm this morning from the N. W. which lasted a fiew minits, we Set
 out and proceeded on passed the head of the Isd. which is Seperated
 from the L. S by a narrow Channel, a hard wind from the N. W. a verry
 Cold day--we Camped on the S. S. at the upper point of Some timber,
 Some time before night, no timber, no timber being in reach.
 I saw Several goats on the hills on the S. S. also Buffalow in great
 [Clark, September 7, 1804]
 7th September Friday 1804. a verry Cold morning Set out at Day light
 near the foot of this high Nole we discovered a Village of an annamale
 the french Call the Prarie Dog which burrow in the grown & with the
 rattle Snake and Killed one & Caught one Dog alive caught in a whole 2
 frogs near the hole Killed a Dark Rattle Snake with a Prairie dog in him
 The Village of those little dogs is under the ground a conisiderable
 distance we dig under 6 feet thro rich hard clay without getting to
 their Lodges Some of their wholes we put in 5 barrels of water without
 driveing them out, we caught one by the water forceing him out. ther
 mouth resemble the rabit, head longer, legs short, & toe nails
 long ther tail like a ground Squirel which they Shake and make
 chattering noise ther eyes like a dog, their colour is Gray and Skin
 contains Soft fur
 [Clark, September 7, 1804]
 7th Septr. 1804
 Septr. 7th Friday a verry Cold morning Set out at day light we landed
 after proceding 51/2 miles, near the foot of a round mounting which I
 saw yesterday resembling a dome.
 Capt Lewis & my Self walked up, to the top which forms a Cone and is
 about 70 feet higher than the high lands around it, the Bass is about
 300 foot in decending this Cupola, discovered a Village of Small
 animals that burrow in the grown (those animals are Called by the
 french Pitite Chien) Killed one & Cought one a live by poreing a great
 quantity of water in his hole we attempted to dig to the beds of one of
 thos animals, after diging 6 feet, found by running a pole down that we
 were not half way to his Lodges, we found 2 frogs in the hole, and
 killed a Dark rattle Snake near with a Ground rat in him, (those rats
 are numerous) the Village of those animals Covs. about 4 acrs of Ground
 on a Gradual decent of a hill and Contains great numbers of holes on
 the top of which those little animals Set erect make a Whistleing noise
 and whin allarmed Slip into their hole--we por'd into one of the holes
 5 barrels of water without filling it, Those Animals are about the Size
 of a Small Squrel Shorter & thicker, the head much resembling a Squirel
 in every respect, except the ears which is Shorter, his tail like a
 ground Squirel which thy Shake & whistle when allarmd. the toe nails
 long, they have fine fur & the longer hair is gray, it is Said that a
 kind of Lizard also a Snake reside with those animals. Camped
 [Lewis and Clark, September 8, 1804]
 8th of September 1804 Satturday. Set out early and proceeded on under a
 Gentle breese from the S. E. at 3 mes passed the place where Trodow
 wintered one winter
 I went out to day on the S. S with a view to find Some of the little
 dogs, and Coats, Traveled over a riged and mountanious Countrey without
 water & riseing to 5 or 600 hundred feet, Islands & Sands interveneing
 prevt. my getting to the boat untill after night, in my absent Capt.
 Lewis killed a Buffalow, I saw Greid many Buffalow & white wolves.
 (Sailed all day)
 [Clark, September 8, 1804]
 8th of September Satturday
 Set out early and proceeded on under a gentle Breeze from the S. E, at
 3 mes. passed the house of Troodo where he wintered in 96. Called the
 Pania house, above is high hills on the S. S. on the S. S. much higher
 hills than usial appear to the North distant 8 miles recently burnt-
 pass 3 Small Islands at about 5 miles on this Course on the S. S. here
 Capt. Lewis Killed a Buffalow in the river, and this men one other Came
 to on the lower point of an Island in the midlle of the river Called
 Boat Island and incamped, jurked the meet Killed to day Consisting of 2
 buffalow, one large Buck Elk one Small, 4 Deer 3 Turkeys & a Squirel, I
 joined the boat at this Camp, The Countrey on the S S. is pore & broken.
 [Clark and Whitehouse, September 9, 1804]
 9th Septembr Sunday, Set out at Sunrise and proceeded on passed the
 Island Several gangus of Buffalow on the Sides of the hils on the L. S.
 halted on L. Side took breakfast. Capt. Clark walked on Shore, we
 proceeded on
 R. Fields came to the Boat had killed one Buffalow. passed red ceeder
 on the edge of the hills on bouth Sides of the river but most on the
 bluff on
 [Clark, September 9, 1804]
 9th September Sunday 1804
 Set out at Sunrise and proceeded on passed the head of the Island on
 which we Camped, passed three Sand & willow Islands, the Sand bars So
 noumerous, it is not worth mentioning them, the river Shoal or Shallow
 wind S E Came too and Camped on a Sand bar on the L. S. Capt Lewis went
 out to Kill a buffalow. I walked on Shore all this evening with a view
 to Kill a Goat or Some Prarie Dogs in the evening after the boat
 landed, I Derected my Servent York with me to kill a Buffalow near the
 boat from a numbr. then Scattered in the plains, I saw at one view near
 the river at least 500 Buffalow, those animals have been in view all
 day feeding in the Plains on the L. S. every Copse of timber appear to
 have Elk or Deer. D. Killed 3 Deer, I Kiled a Buffalow Y. 2, R. Fields
 [Lewis, September 9, 1804]
 Sept. 9th
 Capt. Clark found on the Lard shore under a high bluff issuing from a
 blue earth a bittuminus matter resembling molasses in consistance,
 colour and taste-
 [Clark, September 10, 1804]
 10th September Monday a Cloudy morning Set out early under a Gentle
 Breeze from the S E. passed two Small Islands one on the L. S. & the
 other on the S. S. both in the first Course at 101/2 miles passed the
 lower pt. of Ceder Island Situated in a bend to the L. S. this Island
 is about 2 miles long Covered with red Ceder, the river is verry
 Shallow opsd. this Island--below the Island on the top of a ridge we
 found a back bone with the most of the entire laying Connected for 45
 feet those bones are petrified, Some teeth & ribs also Connected. at 3
 mes. above ceder I passed a large Island on the S. S. to this Island
 Several Elk Swam above this Island on the Midle is Situated 2 Islands
 small one above the other, those Islands are Called mud Islands and
 camped on the upper Island of them 3 Buffalow 1 Elk &c. Killed to day,
 river falling a large Salt Spring of remarkable Salt water much
 frequented by Buffalow, Some Smaller Springs on the Side of the hill
 above less Salt, the water excesiv Salt, and is 11/2 miles from the
 river on the S. W. or L. S. opposit Ceder Island-
 [Clark, September 10, 1804]
 10th September Monday 1804.
 a Cloudy dark morning Set out early, a Gentle breeze from the S. E,
 passed two Small Islands on the L. S. and one on the S. S. all in the
 first Course at 101/2 miles passed the lower point of an (2) Island
 Covered with red Ceeder Situated in a bend on the L. S. this Island is
 about 2 Moles in length (1) below this on a hill on the L. S. we found
 the back bone of a fish, 45 feet long tapering to the tale, &c. those
 joints were Seperated and all petrefied, opposit this Island 11/2 miles
 from the river on the L. S. is a large Salt Spring of remarkable Salt
 water. one other high up the hill 1/2 me. not So Salt.
 we proceeded on under a Stiff Breeze. three miles above Ceder Island
 passed a large Island on the S. S, no water on that Side (3) Several
 elk Swam to this Island passed a Small Island near the Center of the
 river, of a mile in length, and Camped on one aboav Seperated from the
 other by a narrow Chanel, Those Islands are Called Mud Islands--the
 hunters killed 3 fuffalow & one Elk to day. The river is falling a
 little, Great number of Buffalow & Elk on the hill Sides feeding deer
 we came too at the mouth of a Creek on the L. S. at Dark in a heavy
 Shower of rain, it Continued to rain the greater part of the night,
 with a hard wind from the N W Cold
 [Clark, September 11, 1804]
 Septr. 11th Tuesday 1804 Set out early a Cloudy morning the river verry
 wide from one hill to the other, with many Sand bars passed the Isd. on
 which we lay at a mile passed three Isds. one on the L. S. (1/4 of a
 mile from it on the L. S. a village of little Dogs. I Killed four, this
 village is 800 yards wide & 970 yds. long on a jentle Slope of a hill
 in a plain, those animals are noumerous) the other two Islands are on
 the S. S. the river is verry Shallow & wide, the boat got a ground
 Several times--The man G Shannon, who left us with the horses above the
 Mahar Village, and beleving us to be ahead pushed on as long as he
 Could, joined us he Shot away what fiew Bullets he had with him, and in
 a plentiful) Countrey like to have Starvd. he was 12 days without
 provision, Subsisting on Grapes at the Same the Buffalow, would Come
 within 30 yards of his Camp, one of his horses gave out & he left him
 before his last belluts were Consumed--I saw 3 large Spoted foxes today
 a black tailed Deer, & Killed a Buck elk & 2 Deer, one othr Elk 2 Deer
 & a Porkipine Killed to day at 12 oClock it became Cloudy and rained
 all the after noon, & night.
 [Clark, September 11, 1804]
 Sept. 11th Tuesday 1804
 a cloudy morning, Set out verry early, the river wide & Shallow the
 bottom narrow, & the river Crouded with Sand bars, passed the Island on
 which we lay at one mile-, pased three Islands one on the L. S. and 2
 on the S. S. opposit the Island on the L. S. I Saw a village of Barking
 Squriel 970 yds. long, and 800 yds. wide Situated on a gentle Slope of
 a hill, those anamals are noumerous, I killed 4 with a view to have
 their Skins Stufed.
 here the man who left us with the horses 22 days ago and has been a
 head ever Since joined, us nearly Starved to Death, he had been 12 days
 without any thing to eate but Grapes & one Rabit, which he Killed by
 shooting a piece of hard Stick in place of a ball-. This man Supposeing
 the boat to be a head pushed on as long as he Could, when he became
 weak and fiable deturmined to lay by and waite for a tradeing boat,
 which is expected Keeping one horse for the last resorse,--thus a man
 had like to have Starved to death in a land of Plenty for the want of
 Bulletes or Something to kill his meat we Camped on the L. S. above the
 mouth of a run a hard rain all the after noon, & most of the night,
 with hard wind from the N W. I walked on Shore the fore part of this
 day over Some broken Country which Continus about 3 miles back & then
 is leavel & rich all Plains, I saw Several foxes & Killed a Elk & 2
 Deer. & Squirels the men with me killed an Elk, 2 Deer & a Pelican
 Some rain all day to day & Cold
 I walked on Shore Saw Several foxes Several Villages of Prarie dogs,
 and a number of Grouse
 [Clark, September 12, 1804]
 Septr. 12th Wednesday 1804
 a Dark Cloudy Day the wind hard from the N. W. we passed (1) a Island
 the middle of the river at the head of which we found great dificuelty
 in passing between the Sand bars the water Swift and Shallow, it took
 3/4 of the day to make one mile, we Camped on the L. S. opsd. a Village
 of Barking Prarie Squriels
 I walked out in the morning and Saw Several Villages of those little
 animals, also a great number of Grous & 3 foxes, and observed Slate &
 Coal mixed, Some verry high hills on each Side of the river. rains a
 little all day.
 [Clark, September 13, 1804]
 13th Septr. Thursday 1804
 a Dark Drizzley Day, G D Cought 4 Beaver last night the winds from the
 N W. Cold Set out early and proceeded on verry well passed a number of
 Sand bars, Capt Lewis killed a Porcupin on a Cotton treee fieeding on
 the leaves & bowers of the Said tree, the water is verry Shallow being
 Crouded with Sand bars Camped on the S. Side under a Bluff. the Bluffs
 on the S. S. not So much impregnated with mineral as on the L. S.
 muskeetors verry troublesom-.
 [Lewis, September 13, 1804]
 September 13th
 Killed a bluewinged teal and a Porcupine; found it in a Cottonwood tree
 near the river on the Lard. Shore--the leaves of the Cottonwood were
 much distroyed--as were those of the Cottonwood trees in it's
 neighbourhood. I therefore supposed that it fed on the folage of trees
 at this season, the flesh of this anamal is a pleasant and whoalsome
 food--the quills had not yet obtained their usual length--it has four
 long toes, before on each foot, and the same number behind with the
 addition of one short one on each hind foot on the inner side. the toes
 of the feet are armed with long black nails particularly the fore feet-
 they weigh from 15 to 20 lbs--they resemble the slowth very much in the
 form of their hands, or fore feet. their teeth and eyes are like the
 [Clark, September 14, 1804]
 Septr 14th Friday 1804 Course Dists & rifur. Set out early proceeded on
 passed Several Sand bars water wide & Shallow N. 68° W. 23/4 mes. to a
 pt. of high Land on the L. S. passed a round Island on the S S.--Caught
 3 beaver last night, Some drizzeley rain Cloudy & Disagreeable and Som
 hard Showers, I walked on Shore with a view to find an old Volcano Said
 to be in this neghbourhood by Mr. McKey I was Some distance out Could
 not See any Signs of a Volcanoe, I killed a Goat, which is peculier to
 this Countrey about the hite of a Grown Deer Shorter, its horns Coms
 out immediately abov its eyes broad 1 Short prong the other arched &
 Soft the color is a light gray with black behind its ears, white round
 its neck, no beard, his Sides & belly white, and around its taile which
 is Small & white and Down its hams, actively made his brains on the
 back of its head, his noisterals large, his eyes like a Sheep only 2
 hoofs on each foot no antelrs (more like the antelope or gazella of
 Africa than any other Specis of Goat). Shields Killed a Hare weighing
 61/2 lb. verry pore, the head narrow and its ears 3 Inches wide and 6
 long, from the fore to the end of the hind foot; is 2 feet 11 Inch.
 hite 1 foot 13/4 its tail long & thick white, clearly the mountain Hare
 of Europe, a rainy evening all wett The Soil of those Plains washes
 down into the flats, with the Smallest rain & disolves & mixes with the
 water we See back from the river high hills in a leavel plain,
 evidently the remains of mountains, what mud washed into the river
 within those few days has made it verry mudy, passed two Small Creeks
 on the L. S. & Camped below a 3rd on the L. S. rained all evening
 [Clark, September 14, 1804]
 14th Septr. Friday 1804. Set out early proceeded on passed Several Sand
 bars the river wide and Shallow 3 beaver Caught last night, Drizeley
 rain in the forepart of this day, cloudy and disagreeable, I walked on
 Shore with a view to find an old Vulcanio, Said to be in this
 neighbourhood by Mr. J. McKey of St. Charles. I walked on Shore the
 whole day without Seeing any appearance of the Villcanoe, in my walk I
 Killed a Buck Goat of this Countrey, about the hight. of the Grown
 Deer, its body Shorter, the Horns which is not very hard and forks 2/3
 up one prong Short the other round & Sharp arched, and is imediately
 above its Eyes the Colour is a light gray with black behind its ears
 down its neck, and its Jaw white round its neck, its Sides and its rump
 round its tail which is Short & white verry actively made, has only a
 pair of hoofs to each foot. his brains on the back of his head, his
 Norstral large, his eyes like a Sheep--he is more like the Antilope or
 Gazella of Africa than any other Species of Goat. Shields Killed a Hare
 like the mountain hare of Europe, waighing 61/4 pounds (altho pore) his
 head narrow, its ears large i, e, 6 Inches long & 3 Inchs wide one half
 of each white, the other & out part a lead grey from the toe of the
 hind foot to toe of the for foot is 2 feet 11 Inches, the hith is 1
 foot 1 Inche & 3/4, his tail long thick & white.
 The rain Continued the Greater part of the day in My ramble I observed,
 that all those parts of the hills which was Clear of Grass easily
 disolved and washed into the river and bottoms, and those hils under
 which the river run, Sliped into it and disolves and mixes with the
 water of the river, the bottoms of the river was covered with the water
 and mud frome the hills about three Inches deep--those bottoms under
 the hils which is Covered with Grass also a great quantity of mud.
 Passed 2 Small Creeks on the L. S and Camped below the third, (the
 place that Shannon the man who went a head lived on grapes) Some heavy
 Showers of rain all wet, had the Goat & rabit Stufed rained all night
 [Lewis, September 14, 1804]
 September 14th 1804 this day Capt. Clark killed a male wild goat so
 called--it's weight 65 lbs.
 F I
 length from point of nose to point of tail 4 9
 hight to the top of the wethers 3 -
 do. behind 3 -
 girth of the brest 3 1
 girth of the neck close to the shoulders 2 2
 do. near the head 1 7
 Eye deep sea green, large percing and reather prominent, & at or near
 the root of the horn within one 1/4 inches
 [Lewis, September 14, 1804]
 Sept. 14th 1804. Shields killed a hare of the prarie, weight six pounds
 and 1/4
 F. I.
 Length from point of hind to extremity fore feet 2 11
 hight when standing erect 1 1 3/4
 length from nose to tale 2 1
 girth of body 1 2 3/4
 length of tale
 length of the year -- 5 1/2
 width of do. do. -- 3 1/8
 from the extremity of the hip to the toe of the hind foot 1 3 1/2
 the eye is large and prominent the sight is circular, deep sea green,
 and occupyes one third of the width of the eye the remaining two thirds
 is a ring of a bright yellowish silver colour. the years ar placed at
 the upper part of the head and very near to each other, the years are
 very flexable, the anamall moves them with great ease and quickness and
 can contrat and foald them on his back or delate them at pleasure--the
 front outer foald of the year is a redis brown, the inner foalds or
 those which ly together when the years are thrown back and wich occupy
 two thirds of the width of the year is of a clear white colour except
 one inch at the tip of the year which is black, the hinder foald is of
 a light grey--the head back sholders and outer part of the thighs are
 of a ledcoloured grey the sides as they approache the belly grow
 lighter becomeing gradually more white the belly and brest are white
 with a shad of lead colour--the furr is long and fine--the tale is
 white round and blounty pointed the furr on it is long and extreemly
 fine and soft when it runs it carry's it's tale strait behind the
 direction of the body--the body is much smaller and more length than
 the rabbit in proportion to it's height--the teeth are like those of
 the hair or rabbit as is it's upper lip split--it's food is grass or
 herbs--it resorts the open plains, is extreemly fleet and never burrows
 or takes shelter in the ground when pursued, I measured the leaps of
 one which I suprised in the plains on the 17th Inst. and found them 21
 feet the ground was a little decending they apear to run with more ease
 and to bound with greater agility than any anamall I ever saw. this
 anamal is usually single seldom associating in any considerable numbers.
 [Clark, September 15, 1804]
 September the 15th Satturday 1804 Set out early passed the Mouth of a
 creek on the L S. where Shannon lived on grapes waiting for Mr.
 Clintens boat Supposeing we had went on, Capt Lewis and my Self halted
 at the mouth of White River & wend up a Short Crossed &, this river is
 about 400 yards, the water Confined within 150 yards, the Current
 regularly Swift, much resembling the Missourie, Sand bars makeing out
 from the points, Some Islands we Sent up two men to go up this river
 one Day and Meet us to morrow we proceeded on passed a Small Island
 Covered with Ceder timber, & great number of rabits, no game except
 rabits, and Camped on the S. S. opposit a large Creek, on which there
 is more wood than usial on Creeks in this quaterr this creek raised 14
 feet last rain I Killed a Buck elk & a Deer.
 [Clark, September 15, 1804]
 15th September Satturday 1804
 Set out early passed the mo of the Creek, and the mouth of White river;
 (1) Capt Lewis and my Self went up this river a Short distance and
 Crossed, found that this differed verry much from the Plat or que
 Courre, threw out but little Sand, about 300 yard wide, the water
 confind within 150 yards, the current regular & Swift much resemblig
 the Missourie, with Sand bars from the points a Sand Island in the
 mouth, in the point is a butifull Situation for a Town 3 Gradual
 assents, and a much Greater quantity of timber about the mouth of this
 river than usial, we concluded to Send Some distance up this river
 detached Sjt. Gass & R. Fields. we proceeded on passed a Small (2)
 Island Covered with Ceeder on I Saw great numbers of Rabits & Grapes,
 this Island is Small & Seperated from a large Sand Isd. at its upper
 point by a narrow Channel, & is Situated nearest the L. Side. Camped on
 the S. S. opposit the mouth of a large Creek on which there is more
 timber than is usial on Creeks of this Size, this Creek raised 14 feet
 the last rains. I killed a Buck Elk & Deer, this evening is verry Cold,
 Great many wolves of Different Sorts howling about us. the wind is hard
 from the N W this evening
 [Lewis, September 16, 1804]
 Sunday September 16th 1804.
 This morning set out at an early hour, and come too at 1/2 after 7 A.M.
 on the Lard. Shore 11/4 miles above the mouth of a small creek which we
 named Corvus, in consequence of having kiled a beatiful bird of that
 genus near it we concluded to ly by at this place the ballance of this
 day and the next, in order to dry our baggage which was wet by the
 heavy showers of rain which had fallen within the last three days, and
 also to lighten the boat by transfering a part of her lading to the red
 perogue, which we now determined to take on with us to our winter
 residence wherever that might be; while some of the men were imployed
 in this necessary labour others were dressing of skins washing and
 mending their cloaths &c. Capt. Clark and myself kiled each a buck
 immediately on landing near our encampment; the deer were very gentle
 and in great numbers on this bottom which had more timber on it than
 any part of the river we had seen for many days past, consisting of
 Cottonwood Elm, some indifferent ash and a considerable quanty of a
 small species of white oak which is loaded with acorns of an excellent
 flavor very little of the bitter roughness of the nuts of most species
 of oak, the leaf of this oak is small pale green and deeply indented,
 it seldom rises higher than thirty feet is much branched, the bark is
 rough and thick and of a light colour; the cup which contains the acorn
 is fringed on it's edges and imbraces the nut about one half; the
 acorns were now falling, and we concluded that the number of deer which
 we saw here had been induced thither by the acorns of which they are
 remarkably fond. almost every species of wild game is fond of the
 acorn, the Buffaloe Elk, deer, bear, turkies, ducks, pigegians and even
 the wolves feed on them; we sent three hunters out who soon added eight
 deer and two Buffaloe to our strock of provisions; the Buffaloe were so
 pour that we took only the tongues skins and marrow bones; the skins
 were particularly acceptable as we were in want of a covering for the
 large perogue to secure the baggage; the clouds during this day and
 night prevented my making any observations. Sergt. Gass and Reubin
 Fields whom we had sent out yesterday to explore the White river
 returnd at four oclock this day and reported that they had foil
 meanders of that stream about 12 miles r's general course West, the
 present or principal channel iro yards wide; the coulour of the water
 and rapidity and manner of runing resembled the Missouri presisely; the
 country broken on the border of the river about a mile, when the level
 planes commence and extend as far as the eye can reach on either side;
 as usual no timber appeared except such as from the steep declivities
 of hills, or their moist situations, were sheltered from the effects of
 the fire. these extensive planes had been lately birnt and the grass
 had sprung up and was about three inches high. vast herds of Buffaloe
 deer Elk and Antilopes were seen feeding in every direction as far as
 the eye of the observer could reach.
 [Clark, September 16, 1804]
 September 16th Sunday, we proceeded on 11/4 Miles and Camped on the L.
 Side in a butifull Plain Surounded with timber in which we Saw Severall
 Der, we delayed here for the purpose of Drying the articles which were
 wet & the cloathes to Load the Perogue which we had intended to send
 back, finding the water too Shoal Deturmind to take on the Perogue also
 to make Some observations for Longitude &c. the two men G. & R. F.
 joined us and informed "that the river as far as they were up had much
 the Appearance of the river about the mouth, but little timber and that
 chiefly elm", the up land between this river & the White river is fine,
 Great numbers of Goat, Deer of three kinds, Buffalow, & wolves, &
 Barking Squrels, The fallow Deer, Cloudy, all day Cleaning out the boat
 examining & Drying the goods, & loading the Perogue, I killed 2 Deer
 Capt Lewis one & a Buffalow, one Buffalow & five other Deer Killed. I
 observed Pine Burs & Burch Sticks in the Drift wood up white river
 which Coms in on the L. S. imedeately in the point is a butifull
 Situation for a town 3 Gentle rises, & more timber about the mouth of
 this river than usial
 [Clark, September 16, 1804]
 16th of September Sunday 1804
 We Set out verry early & proceed'd on 11/4 miles between Sand bars and
 Came too on the L. S. (1)--deturmined to dry our wet thig and liten the
 boat which we found could not proceed with the present load for this
 purpose we Concluded to detain the Perogue we had intended to Send back
 & load her out of the boat & detain the Soldiers untill Spring & Send
 them from our winter quarters. We put out those articles which was wet,
 Clean'd the boat & perogus, examined all the Locker Bails &. &c. &.
 This Camp is Situated in a butifull Plain Serounded with Timber to the
 extent of 3/4 of a mile in which there is great quantities of fine
 Plumbs The two men detachd up the White river joined us here & informed
 that the river as far as they were up had much the appearance of the
 Missourie Som Islands & Sands little Timber Elm, (much Signs of Beaver,
 Great many buffalow) & Continud its width, they Saw & well as my Self
 Pine burs & Sticks of Birch in the Drift wood up this river, They Saw
 also Number of Goats Such as I Killed, also wolves near the Buffalow
 falling Deer, & the Barking Squrels Villages Capt. Lewis went to hunt &
 See the Countrey near the Kamp he killed a Buffalow & a Deer
 Cloudy all day I partly load the empty Perogue out of the Boat. I
 killed 2 Deer & the party 4 Deer & a Buffalow the we kill for the Skins
 to Cover the Perogus, the meet too pore to eat. Capt Lewis went on an
 Island above our Camp, this Island is abt. one mile long, with a Great
 purpotion ceder timber near the middle of it
 I gave out a flannel Shirt to each man, & powder to those who had
 expended thers
 [Lewis, September 17, 1804]
 Monday September 17th 1804.
 Having for many days past confined myself to the boat, I determined to
 devote this day to amuse myself on shore with my gun and view the
 interior of the country lying between the river and the Corvus Creek-
 accordingly before sunrise I set out with six of my best hunters, two
 of whom I dispatched to the lower side of Corvus creek, two with orders
 to hunt the bottoms and woodland on the river, while I retained two
 others to acompany me in the intermediate country. one quarter of a
 mile in rear of our camp which was situated in a fine open grove of
 cotton wood passed a grove of plumb trees loaded with fruit and now
 ripe. observed but little difference between this fruit and that of a
 similar kind common to the Atlantic States. the trees are smaller and
 more thickly set. this forrest of plumb trees garnish a plain about 20
 feet more lelivated than that on which we were encamped; this plain
 extends back about a mile to the foot of the hills one mile distant and
 to which it is gradually ascending this plane extends with the same
 bredth from the creek below to the distance of near three miles above
 parrallel with the river, and is intirely occupyed by the burrows of
 the barking squril hertefore discribed; this anamal appears here in
 infinite numbers, and the shortness and virdue of grass gave the plain
 the appearance throughout it's whole extent of beatifull bowlinggreen
 in fine order. it's aspect is S. E. a great number of wolves of the
 small kind, balks and some pole-cats were to be seen. I presume that
 those anamals feed on this squirril.--found the country in every
 direction for about three miles intersected with deep reveries and
 steep irregular hills of 100 to 200 feet high; at the tops of these
 hills the country breakes of as usual into a fine leavel plain
 extending as far as the eye can reach. from this plane I had an
 extensive view of the river below, and the irregular hills which border
 the opposite sides of the river and creek. the surrounding country had
 been birnt about a month before and young grass had now sprung up to
 hight of 4 Inches presenting the live green of the spring. to the West
 a high range of hills, strech across the country from N. to S and
 appeared distant about 20 miles; they are not very extensive as I could
 plainly observe their rise and termination no rock appeared on them and
 the sides were covered with virdue similar to that of the plains this
 senery already rich pleasing and beatiful, was still farther hightened
 by immence herds of Buffaloe deer Elk and Antelopes which we saw in
 every direction feeding on the hills and plains. I do not think I
 exagerate when I estimate the number of Buffaloe which could be
 compreed at one view to amount to 3000. my object was if possible to
 kill a female Antelope having already procured a male; I pursued my
 rout on this plain to the west flanked by my two hunters untill eight
 in the morning when I made the signal for them to come to me which they
 did shortly after. we rested our selves about half an hour, and
 regailed ourselves on half a bisquit each and some jirk of Elk which we
 had taken the precaution to put in our pouches in the morning before we
 set out, and drank of the water of a small pool which had collected on
 this plain from the rains which had fallen some days before. We had now
 after various windings in pursuit of several herds of antelopes which
 we had seen on our way made the distance of about eight miles from our
 camp. we found the Antelope extreemly shye and watchfull insomuch that
 we had been unable to get a shot at them; when at rest they generally
 seelect the most elivated point in the neighbourhood, and as they are
 watchfull and extreemly quick of sight and their sense of smelling very
 accute it is almost impossible to approach them within gunshot; in
 short they will frequently discover and flee from you at the distance
 of three miles. I had this day an opportunity of witnessing the agility
 and superior fleetness of this anamal which was to me really
 astonishing. I had pursued and twice surprised a small herd of seven,
 in the first instance they did not discover me distinctly and therefore
 did not run at full speed, tho they took care before they rested to
 gain an elivated point where it was impossible to approach them under
 cover except in one direction and that happened to be in the direction
 from which the wind blew towards them; bad as the chance to approach
 them was, I made the best of my way towards them, frequently peeping
 over the ridge with which I took care to conceal myself from their view
 the male, of which there was but one, frequently incircled the summit
 of the hill on which the females stood in a group, as if to look out
 for the approach of danger. I got within about 200 paces of them when
 they smelt me and fled; I gained the top of the eminece on which they
 stood, as soon as possible from whence I had an extensive view of the
 country the antilopes which had disappeared in a steep revesne now
 appeared at the distance of about three miles on the side of a ridge
 which passed obliquely across me and extended about four miles. so soon
 had these antelopes gained the distance at which they had again
 appeared to my view I doubted at ferst that they were the same that I
 had just surprised, but my doubts soon vanished when I beheld the
 rapidity of their flight along the ridge before me it appeared reather
 the rappid flight of birds than the motion of quadrupeds. I think I can
 safely venture the asscertion that the speed of this anamal is equal if
 not superior to that of the finest blooded courser.--this morning I saws
 [Clark, September 17, 1804]
 17th of Septr. Monday 1804 above White river Dried all those articles
 which had got wet by the last rain, a fine day Capt Lewis went hunting
 with a vew to seethe Countrey &its productions, he was out all Day
 Killed a Buffalow & a remarkable bird of the Spicies of Corvus, long
 tail of a Greenish Purple, Varigated a Beck like a Crow white round its
 neck comeing to a point on its back, its belley white feet like a Hawk
 abt. the size of a large Pigeon Capt Lewis returned at Dark. I took the
 Meridian & equal altitudes to day made the Lattitude.
 Colter Killed a Goat, & a Curious kind of Deer, a Darker grey than
 Common the hair longer & finer, the ears verry large & long a Small
 resepitical under its eye its tail round and white to near the end
 which is black & like a Cow in every other respect like a Deer, except
 it runs like a goat. large.
 The hunters brought in 8 fallow Deer & 5 Common Deer to day, Great
 numbers of Buffalow in the Praries, also a light Coloured woolf Covered
 with hair & corse fur, also a Small wolf with a large bushey tail--Some
 Goats of a Different Kind Seen to day,--Great many Plumbs, rabits,
 Porcupines & barking Squrels, Capt Lewis Killed a rattle Snake in a
 village of the Squirel's and Saw a Hair to day. Wind from the S. W. we
 finished Drying our Provisions Some of which was wet and Spoiled,
 [Clark, September 17, 1804]
 17th of September Monday 1804
 Dried all our wet articles this fine Day, Capt Lewis went out with a
 View to see the Countrey and its productions, he was out all day he
 killed a Buffalow and a remarkable Bird of the Corvus Species long tail
 the upper part of the feathers & also the wing is of a purplish
 variated Green, the black, a part of the wing feather are white edjed
 with black, white belley, white from the root of the wings to Center of
 the back is white, the head nake breast & other parts are black the
 Becke like a Crow. abt. the Size of a large Pigion. a butifull thing
 (See Suplement in No. 3)
 I took equal altitudes and a meridian altitude. Capt. Lewis returned at
 Dark, Colter Killed a Goat like the one I killed and a curious kind of
 deer of a Dark gray Colr. more so than common, hair long & fine, the
 ears large & long, a Small reseptical under the eyes; like an Elk, the
 Taile about the length of Common Deer, round (like a Cow) a tuft of
 black hair about the end, this Speces of Deer jumps like a goat or Sheep
 8 fallow Deer 5 Common & 3 buffalow killed to day, Capt. Lewis Saw a
 hare & Killed a Rattle Snake in a village of B. squerels The wind from
 S. W. Dryed our provisions, Some of which was much Damaged.
 [Lewis, September 17, 1804]
 Sept. 17th
 one of the hunters killed a bird of the Corvus genus and order of the
 pica & about the size of a jack-daw with a remarkable long tale.
 beautifully variagated. it note is not disagreeable though loud it is
 twait twait twait, twait; twait, twait twait, twait.
 F I
 from tip to tip of wing 1 10
 Do. beak to extremity of tale 1 8 1/2
 of which the tale occupys 1 1
 from extremity of middle toe to hip 5 1/2
 it's head, beak, and neck are large for a bird of it's size; the beak
 is black, and of a convex and cultrated figure, the chops nearly equal,
 and it's base large and beset with hairs--the eyes are black encircled
 with a narrow ring of yellowish black it's head, neck, brest & back
 within one inch of the tale are of a fine glossey black, as are also
 the short fathers of the under part of the wing, the thies and those
 about the root of the tale. the belly is of a beatifull white which
 passes above and arround the but of the wing, where the feathers being
 long reach to a small white spot on the rump one inch in width--the
 wings have nineteen feathers, of which the ten first have the longer
 side of their plumage white in the midde of the feather and occupying
 unequal lengths of the same from one to three inches, and forming when
 the wing is spead a kind of triangle the upper and lower part of these
 party coloured feathers on the under side of the wing being of dark
 colour but not jut or shining black. the under side of the remaining
 feathers of the wing are darker. the upper side of the wing, as well as
 the short side of the plumage of the party coloured feathers is of a
 dark blackis or bluish green sonetimes presenting as light orange
 yellow or bluish tint as it happens to be presented to different
 exposures of ligt--the plumage of the tale consits of 12 feathers of
 equal lengths by pairs, those in the center are the longest, and the
 others on each side deminishing about an inch each pair--the underside
 of the feathers is a pale black, the upper side is a dark bluefish
 green which like the outer part of the wings is changable as it
 reflects different portions of light. towards the the extremely of
 these feathers they become of an orrange green, then shaded pass to a
 redish indigo blue, and again at the extremity assume the predominant
 colour of changeable green--the tints of these feathers are very
 similar and equally as beatiful and rich as the tints of blue and green
 of the peacock--it is a most beatifull bird.--the legs and toes are
 black and imbricated. it has four long toes, three in front and one in
 rear, each terminated with a black sharp tallon from 3/8ths to 1/2 an
 inch in length.--these birds are seldom found in parties of more than
 three or four and most usually at this season single as the balks and
 other birds of prey usually are--it's usual food is flesh--this bird
 dose not spread it's tail when it flys and the motion of it's wings
 when flying is much like that of a Jay-bird-
 The White turkey of the black hills from information of a french lad
 who wintered with the Chien Indians About the size of the common wild
 turkey the plumage perfectly white--this bird is booted as low as the
 [Clark, September 18, 1804]
 Septr. 18
 I Killed a prarie wolf to day about the Sise of a Gray fox with a
 bushey tail the head and ears like a Fox wolf, and barks like a Small
 Dog--The annimale which we have taken for the Fox is this wolf, we have
 seen no Foxes.
 18 Septr. Tuesday Set out early wind from the N W. Modrt. our boat
 being much litened goes much better than usial
 [Clark, September 18, 1804]
 September 18th Tuesday 1804
 Wind from the N W. we Set out early the boat much lightened, the wind a
 head proceed on verry Slowly (1) Passed an I a Island about the middle
 of the river at 1 Mile this Island is about a mile long, and has a
 great perpotion of red Cedir on it, a Small Creek comes in on the S. S.
 opposit the head of the Island, proceeded on passed many Sand bars and
 Camped on the L. S. before night the wind being verry hard & a head all
 Day. the hunters Killed 10 Deer to day and a Prarie wolf, had it all
 jurked & Skins Stretchd after Camping I walked on Shore Saw Goats, Elk,
 Buffalow, Black tail Deer, & the Common Deer, I Killed a Prarie Wollf,
 about the Size of a gray fox bushey tail head & ear like a wolf, Some
 fur Burrows in the ground and barks like a Small Dog.
 what has been taken heretofore for the Fox was those wolves, and no
 Foxes has been Seen; The large wolves are verry numourous, they are of
 a light Colr. large & has long hair with Corrs fur.
 Some Goats of a Different Kind Wer Seen yesterday Great many Porcupin
 rabits & Barking Squirils in this quarter. Plumbs & grapes.
 [Lewis, September 18, 1804]
 Sept. 18th this day saw the first brant on their return from the north-
 [Clark, September 19, 1804]
 (1) & (2) passed a large Island Situated nearest the S. S. 1/2 a mile
 from the Lower pt. of this Island, the 1st of the 3 rivers mouths which
 is about 35 yards wide, running from the N E. one mile above the 2nd
 Comes in this is Small not more that 15 yards wide a Short Distance
 above a 3d comes in scattering its waters thro a bottom. I walked on
 Shore to See this great Pass of the Sioux and Calumet ground, found it
 a handsom Situation, and Saw the remains of their Campt on the 2d
 river, for many years passed--(3) passed a Creek on the L. S. 15 yds
 wide we (4) passed a Creek 20 yds wide (5) passed a Creek 20 yd. wide
 on the L. S. I call Night C. as I did not get to it untill late at
 night, above the mouth of this Creek we camped, the wind being
 favourable, for the boat I Killed a fat Buffalow Cow, and a fat Buck
 elk, york my Servent Killed a Buck, the Huntes Killed 4 Deer, & the
 boat Crew killed 2 Buffalow Swiming the river, handsom Countrey of
 Plains, I saw many trovs of Buffalow & a Gangue of 30 or 40 Elk and
 othr Scattering elk &c. a find evening I hurt my hands & feet last night
 [Clark, September 19, 1804]
 19th of September Wednesday 1804
 Set out early, a Cool morning verry Clear the wind from the S. E a
 Bluff on the L. S.--here Commences a Butifull Countrey on both Sides of
 the Missourie, (2) passed a large Island Called Prospect Island op
 posit this Isd. the 3 rivers Coms in, passing thro a butifull Plain,
 here I walked on Shore & Killed a fat Cow & Sent her to the boat and
 proceeded on to the first of the 3 rivers, this river is about 35 yards
 wide Contains a good deel of water, I walked up this river 2 miles &
 Cross, the bottom is high and rich Some timber, I crossed & returned to
 the mouth, & proceeded up one mile to the 2d river which is Small 12
 yards wide, and on it but little timber, on this Creek the Seaux has
 frequently Camped, as appears by the Signs--the lands betwen those two
 Creeks in a purpindicular bluff of about 80 feet with a butifull Plain
 & gentle assent back--a Short distance above the 2nd a 3rd Creek Comes
 into the river in 3 places Scattering its waters over the large
 timbered bottom, this Creek is near the Size of the middle Creek
 Containing a greater quantity of water, those rivers is the place that
 all nations who meet are at peace with each other, Called the Seaux
 pass of the 3 rivers.
 The boat proceeded on passd. the Island (3) passed a Creek 15 yds wide
 on the L. Side (4) passed a Creek on the L. S. 20 yards wide which I
 Call Elm Creek passing thro a high Plain (5) passed a Creek on the L.
 S. 18 yds. wide above which the boat Came too, I joined them late at
 night, and Call this Creek Night Creek the winds favourable all Day, I
 killed a fat buck Elk late and could only get his Skin and a Small part
 of his flesh to Camp. My Servent Killed a Buck, the Crew in the boat
 Killed 2 buffalow in the river--The Hunters on Shore Killed 4 Deer with
 black tails one of which was a Buck with two men Prongs on each Side
 forked equally, which I never before Seen. I saw Several large gangs of
 Buffaloes 2 large Herds of Elk & goats &c. (6) pass a Small Island on
 the S. S. opposit to this Island on the L. S. a Creek of about 10 yards
 wide Coms in passing thro a plain in which great quantities of the
 Prickley Pear grows. I call this Creek Prickley Pear Creek, This Isld.
 is Called the lower Island it is Situated at the Commencement of what
 is Called & Known by the Grand de Tortu or Big Bend of the Missourie.
 [Clark, September 20, 1804]
 September the 20th Thursday 1804 Detchd. 3 men across the Big bend
 (Called the Grand deTour) with the horse, to stay and hunt & jurk
 provisions untill we get around (1) passed a Island on the S. S. the
 river Crouded with Sand bars,
 20th of September 1804 Thursday (Continued)
 (1) at the N W. extremity of this bend passed an Small Island on the L.
 S. opposit the upper Point of this Solitary Island Came too to _____ at
 the mouth of a Small run on the S. S. & Newmon & Tomson picked up Some
 Salt mixed with the Sand in the run, Such as the ottoes Indians Collect
 on the Sands of the Corn de Cerf R. & make use of, Camped on a Sand bar
 on the S. S. above the Island--I went out to examine the portage which
 I found quit Short 2000 yards only, the Prarie below & Sides of the
 hills containing great quantites of the Prickly Piar which nearly ruind
 my feet, I saw a hare, & I beleve he run into a hole, he run on a hill
 & disapeared, I Saw on this hill several holes. I Saw Several Goats Elk
 Ders &c. & Buffalow in every Detection feeding. R. Fields Killed a Deer
 & 2 Goats one a female, which differs from the male as to Size being
 Something Smaller, Small Straight horns without any black about the
 neck Camped late
 [Clark, September 20, 1804]
 20th of September, Thursday 1804
 a fair morning wind from the S E detached 2 men to the 1st. Creek abov
 the big bend with the horse to hunt and wait our arrival proceeded on
 passed the lower Island opposit which the Sand bars are verry thick &
 the water Shoal. I walked on Shore with a view of examining this bend
 Crossed at the narost part which is a high irregular hills of about 180
 or 190 feet, this place the gorge of the Bend is 1 mile & a quarter
 (from river to river or) across, from this high land which is only in
 the Gouge, the bend is a Butifull Plain thro which I walked, Saw numbrs
 of Buffalow & Goats, I saw a Hare & believe he run into a hole in the
 Side of a hill, he run up this hill which is Small & has Several holes
 on the Side & I could not See him after, I joined the boat in the
 evening--passed a Small Island on the L. S. in the N. W. extremity of
 the bind Called Solitary Island, and Camped late on a Sand bar near the
 S. S.--R. Fields killed 1 Deer & 2 Goats one of them a feemale--She
 Differs from the mail as to Size being Smaller, with Small Horns,
 Stright with a Small prong without any black about the neck None of
 those Goats has any Beard, they are all Keenly made, and is butifull
 [Lewis, September 20, 1804]
 Septr. 20th
 on the lard. shore at the commencement of the big bend observed a clift
 of black porus rock which resembled Lava tho on a closer examination I
 believe it to be calcarious and an imperfect species of the French
 burr--preserved a specemine, it is a brownish white, or black or
 yellowish brown-
 [Clark, September 21, 1804]
 21st of September 1804 Friday 1804, last night or reather this morng at
 a half past one oClock the Sand bar on which we Camped began to give
 way, which allarmed the Serjt on guard & the noise waked me, I got up
 and by the light of the moon observed that the Sand was giving away
 both above & beloy and would Swallow our Perogues in a few minits,
 ordered all hands on board and pushed off we had not got to the opposit
 Shore before pt. of our Camp fel into the river. we proceeded on to the
 Gorge of the bend & brackfast, the Distance of this bend around is 30
 miles, and 11/4 miles thro, the high lands extinds to the gauge and is
 about 200 feet the plain in the bend as also the two opposit Sides abov
 and below is delightfull plains with graduel assents from the river in
 which there is at this time Great number of Buffalow Elk & Goats feedg
 The Course from the gauge on the L. S. is S. 70 W. 41/2 Miles to the
 pt. of Ceder Timber on the L. S. pass Sands. worthy of remark the Cat
 fish not So plenty abov white river & much Smaller than usial, Great
 nunbers of Brant & plover, also goat and black tail Deer.
 [Clark, September 21, 1804]
 21st of September Friday 1804
 at half past one oClock this morning the Sand bar on which we Camped
 began to under mind and give way which allarmed the Sergeant on Guard,
 the motion of the boat awakened me; I get up & by the light of the moon
 observed that the land had given away both above and below our Camp &
 was falling in fast. I ordered all hands on as quick as possible &
 pushed off, we had pushed off but a few minets before the bank under
 which the Boat & perogus lay give way, which would Certainly have Sunk
 both Perogues, by the time we made the opsd. Shore our Camp fell in, we
 made a 2d Camp for the remainder of the night & at Daylight proceeded
 on to the Gouge of this Great bend and Brackfast, we Sent a man to
 measure step off the Distance across the gouge, he made it 2000 yds.
 The distance arround is 30 mes. The hills extend thro the gouge and is
 about 200 foot above the water--in the bend as also the opposite Sides
 both abov and below the bend is a butifull inclined Plain in which
 there is great numbers of Buffalow, Elk & Goats in view feeding &
 Scipping on those Plains Grouse, Larks & the Prarie bird is Common in
 those Plains. we proceeded on passed a (1) willow Island below the
 mouth of a Small river called Tylors R about 35 yds. wide which corns
 in on the L. S. 6 miles above the Gorge of the bend, at the mouth of
 this river the two hunters a head left a Deer & its Skin also the Skin
 of a white wolfwe observe an emence number of Plover of Different kind
 Collecting and takeing their flight Southerly, also Brants which appear
 to move in the same Direction. The Cat fish is Small and not So plenty
 as below (2) The Shore on each Side is lined with hard rough Gulley
 Stones of different Sides, which has roled from the hills & out of
 Small brooks, Ceder is comon here, This day is worm, the wind which is
 not hard blows from the S. E, we Camped at the lower point of the Mock
 Island on the S. S. this now Connected with the main land, it has the
 appearance of once being an Island detached from the main land Covered
 with tall Cotton wood--we Saw Some Camps and tracks of the Seaux which
 appears to be old three or four weeks ago--one frenchman I fear has got
 an abscess on his they, he complains verry much we are makeing every
 exertion to releiv him The Praries in this quarter Contains Great qts.
 of Prickley Pear.
 [Clark, September 22, 1804]
 22nd September Satturday 1804
 a thick fog this morning untill 7 oClock which detained us, Saw Some
 old tracks of the Indians on the S. S. proceeded on--one French man
 with a abscess on his thigh which pains him verry much for 10 or 12
 Days a butifull Plain on both Sides low high land under which there is
 a number of lage Stone, we See great numbers of Buffalow feeding
 [Clark, September 22, 1804]
 A continuation of notes taken assending the Missourie in 1804-by W.
 Satturday the 22nd of September 1804-
 A Thick fog this morning detained us untill 7 oClock, The plains on
 both Sides of the River is butifull and assends gradually from the
 river; noumerous herds of Buffalow to be Seen in every derections, (1)
 Took the altitude of the Sun & found the Lattitude to be 44° 11' 33" N-
 (2) passed a Small Island on the L. S. and one on the S. S. imediately
 above, & about 3 m. long, on the L. S. opposit this Island a Creek of
 about 15 yds wide mouthes, Called the Creek of the 3 Sisters (3) passed
 Cedar Island 11/2 M. long & 1 M. wide Situated a little above the last
 and nearest the S. S.near the upper part of this Island on its S. Side
 a Tradeing fort is Situated built of Cedar-by a Mr. Louiselle of St
 Louis, for the purpose of Tradeing with the Teton Bands of Soues (or
 "Sieux") about this Fort I saw numbers of Indians Temporary Lodges, &
 horse Stables, all of them round and to a point at top, I observed also
 numbers of Cotton Trees fallen for the purpose of feeding their horses
 on the Bark of the limbs of those trees which is Said to be excellent
 food for the horses--we came too on the S. S. below a Small Island
 called Goat island, passed a no. of large round Stones, Som distance in
 the river as also in the Sides of the hills,--I walked on the Shore
 this evening and Killed a verry large Deer--our hunters Killed 2 Deer &
 a Beaver, they Complain of the Mineral quallities of the high land
 distroying their mockersons-.
 [Clark, September 22, 1804]
 22nd of September Satturday 1804
 a thick fog this morning detained us untill 7 oClock passed a butifull
 inclined Prarie on both Sides in which we See great numbers of Buffalow
 feeding--(1) took the Meridean altitude of the Suns upper Leimb. 92° 50'
 00" the SexSecnt the Latd. produced from this Obsivation is 44° 11' 33"
 3/10 North (2) passed a Small Island on the L. S. imediately above
 passed a Island Situated nearest the L. S. abt. 3 miles long, behind
 this Isd. on the L. S. a Creek Comes in about 15 yards wide, this Creek
 and Islands are Called the 3 Sisters a butifull Plain on both Sides of
 the river (3) passed a Island Situated nearest the S. S. imedeately
 above the last Called Ceder Island this Island is about 11/2 miles long
 & nearly as wide Covered with Ceder, on the South Side of this Island
 Mr. Louiselle a trader from St. Louis built a fort of Ceder & a good
 house to trate with the Seaux & wintered last winter; about this fort I
 observed a number of Indian Camps in a Conicel form,--they fed their
 horses on Cotton limbs as appears. here our hunters joined us havening
 killed 2 Deer & a Beaver, they Complain much of the Mineral Substances
 in the barren hills over which they passed distroying their mockersons.
 (4) we proceeded on and Camped late on the S. Side below a Small Island
 in the bend S. S. Called Goat Island. The large Stones which lay on the
 Sides of the banks in Several places lay Some distance in the river,
 under the water and is dangerous &.
 I walked out this evening and killed a fine Deer, the musquiters is
 verry troublesom in the bottoms
 [Clark, September 23, 1804]
 23rd Septr. Sunday 1804 (days and nights equal) Set out early under a
 gentle Breeze from the S E N. 46°W 33/4 Miles to the mo. of a Creek on
 the S. S. passd. a pt. on the L. S. (1) a Small Island opsd. in the
 bend to the S. S. This Island is Called goat Island, (1) this Creek is
 10 yards wide. passed bad Sand bars--S. 46°W 23/4 mes. a wood at a Spring
 in the bend to the L. S. Saw the Prarie a fire behind us near the head
 of Ceder Island L. S. N. 80° W. 41/2 to the lower pt of Elk Island pass 2
 Willow Islands & Sand I saw this morning 12 of those Black & white
 birds of the corvus Species.
 Capt Lewis went out to hund on the Island a great number of Buffalow in
 Sight I must Seal up all those Scrips & draw from my Journal at Some
 other time Win Clark Cpt.
 [Clark, September 23, 1804]
 Sunday the 23rd September 1804
 Set out under a Gentle breeze from the S. E--(1) passed Goat Island
 Situated in a bend to the S. S--above passed a Small Creek 12 yards
 wide on the S. S.--we observed a great Smoke to the SW. which is an
 Indian Signal of their haveing discovered us, I walked on Shore and
 observed great numbers of Buffalows. (2) passed 2 Small Willow Islands
 with large Sand bars makeing from their upper points (3) passed Elk
 Island Situated near the L. S. about 21/2 mes. long & 3/4 wide, Covered
 with Cotton wood, a red berry Called by the French "grise de buff,"
 Grapes &c. the river is wide Streight & contains a great numr of Sand
 bars, (4) passed a Small Creek on the S. S. 16 yds wide I call Reubens
 Cr.--R. Fields was the first who found it--Came too & Camped on the S.
 S. in a Wood. Soon after we landed three Soues boys Swam across to us,
 those boys informed us that a Band of Sieux called the Tetons of 80
 Lodges wer Camped near the mouth of the next River, and 60 Lodges more
 a Short distance above them, they had that day Set the praries on fire
 to let those Camps Know of our approach--we gave those boys two twists
 of Tobacco to carry to their Chiefs & Warriors to Smoke, with
 derections to tell them that we wished to Speak to them tomorrow, at
 the mouth of the next river--Capt Lewis walked on Shore, R F. Killed a
 She Goat or "Cabbra."
 [Clark, September 23, 1804]
 23rd of September Sunday 1804
 Set out under a gentle breeze from the S. E, (1) passed a Small Island
 Situated in a bend to the L. S. Called Goat Island, a Short distance
 above the upper point a Creek of 12 yards wide corns in on the S. S. we
 observed a great Smoke to the S W.--I walked on Shore & observed
 Buffalow in great Herds at a Distance (2) passed two Small willow
 Islands with large Sand bars makeing out from them, passed (3) Elk
 Island about 21/2 miles long & 3/4 mile wide Situated near the L. S.
 covered with Cotton wood the read Current Called by the French Gres de
 Butiff & grapes &c. &c. the river is nearly Streight for a great
 distance wide and Shoal. (4) passed a Creek on the S. S. 16 yards wide
 we Call Reubens Creek, as R Fields found it Camped on the S. S. below
 the mouth of a Creek on the L. S. three Souex boys Came to us Swam the
 river and informd that the Band of Soauex called the Teton of 80 Lodges
 were Camped at the next Creek above, & 60 Lodges more a Short distance
 above, we gave those boys two Carrots of Tobacco to Carry to their
 Chiefs, with derections to tell them that we would Speek to them
 tomorrow Capt Lewis walked on Shore this evening, R. F Killed a Doe
 [Clark, September 24, 1804]
 Monday the 24th of September 1804
 a fair morning Set out early, wind from the East, passed the mouth of a
 Creek on the L. S. Called Creek in high water. passed a large (1)
 Island on the L. S. about 21/2 Miles long on which Colter had Camped &
 Killed 4 Elk. the wind from the S. E.--we prepared Some Clothes a few
 medal for the Chiefs of the Teton band of Sioux we expected to meet at
 the next River--much Stone on the S. S. of the River, we Saw one hare
 to day--our Perogues Called at the Island for the Elk, Soon after we
 passed the Island Colter ran up the bank & reported that the Sioux had
 taken his horse, we Soon after Saw five indians on the bank; who
 expressed a wish to come on board, we informed them we were friends,
 and wished to Continue So, we were not abraid any Indians--Some of
 their young Men had Stolen a horse Sent by their Great Father to their
 great Chief, and we Should not Speak to them any more untill the horse
 was returned to us again--passed a Island about 11/2 m. long on which
 we Saw maney elk & Buffalow, we Came too off the Mouth of a Small
 river, The Teton of the burnt woods is Camped 2 Miles up this river,
 this river we Call Teton is 70 Yds wide and corns in on the S W Side-I
 went on Shore and Smoked with a Chief, Called Buffalow Medison, who
 Came to See us here. The Chief Said he Knew nothing of the horse &c &.
 I informed them we would call the grand Chiefs in Council tomorrow, all
 continued on board all night
 [Clark, September 24, 1804]
 24th September Monday 1804
 Set out early a fair day the wind from the E, pass the mouth of Creek
 on the L. S. called on high water; passed (i ) a large Island on the L.
 S. about 2 miles & 1/2 long on which Colter had Camped & Killed 4 Elk,
 the wind fair from the S. E. we prepared Some Clothes and a fiew
 meadels for the Chiefs of the Teton's hand of Seaux which we expect to
 See to day at the next river, observe a Great Deel of Stone on the
 Sides of the hills on the S. S. we Saw one Hare to day, prepared all
 things for action in Case of necessity, our Perogus went to the Island
 for the meet, Soon after the man on Shore run up the bank and reported
 that the Indians had Stolen the horse we Soon after met 5 Inds. and
 ankered out Some distance & Spoke to them informed them we were
 friends, & wished to Continue So but were not afraid of any Indians,
 Some of their young men had taken the horse Sent by their Great father
 for ther Chief and we would not Speek to them untill the horse was
 returned to us again.
 passed (2) a Island on the S. S. on which we Saw Several Elk, about
 11/2 miles long Called Good humered Islds. Came to about 11/2 miles
 above off the mouth of a Small river about 70 yards wide Called by Mr.
 Evins the Little Mississou River, The Tribes of the Scouix Called the
 Teton, is Camped about 2 miles up on the N W Side and we Shall Call the
 River after that nation, Teton This river is 70 yards wide at the mouth
 of water, and has a considerable Current we anchored off the mouth the
 french Perogue Come up early in the morning, the other did not get up
 untill in the evening Soon after we had Came too. I went & Smoked with
 the Chief who Came to See us here all well, we prepare to Speek with
 the Indians tomorrow at which time we are informed the Indians will be
 here, The French man who had for Some time been Sick, began to blead
 which allarmed him--2/3 of our party Camped on board The remainder with
 the Guard on Shore.
 [Clark, September 25, 1804]
 25th of September 1804 off Teton River
 a fair Morning the wind from the S. E. raised a Flagg Staff and formed
 an orning & Shade on a Sand bar in the Mouth of Teton R to Council
 under, the greater portion of the party to Continue on boardabout 11
 oClock the 1st & 2d Chief arrived, we gave them to eat; they gave us
 Some meat, (we discover our interpeter do not Speak the language well)
 at 12 oClock the Councill Commenced & after Smokeing agreeable to the
 usial custom C. L. Delivered a written Speech to them, I Some
 explinations &c. all party Paraded, gave a Medal to the grand Chief in
 Indian Un-ton gar-Sar bar, or Black Buffalow--2d Torto-hongar, Partezon
 (Bad fellow) the 3d Tar-ton-gar-wa-ker, Buffalow medison--we invited
 those Chiefs & a Soldier on board our boat, and Showed them many
 Curiossites, which they were much Surprised, we gave they 1/2 a wine
 glass of whiskey which they appeared to be exceedingly fond of they
 took up an empty bottle, Smelted it, and made maney Simple jestures and
 Soon began to be troublesom the 2d Chief effecting Drunkness as a Cloak
 for his vilenous intintious (as I found after wards,) realed or fell
 about the boat, I went in a perogue with those Chief who left the boast
 with great reluctians, my object was to reconsile them and leave them
 on Shore, as Soon as I landed 3 of their young ment Seased the Cable of
 the Perogue, one Soldiar Huged the mast and the 2d Chief was
 exceedingly insolent both in words and justures to me declareing I
 Should no go off, Saying he had not recived presents Suffient from us-
 I attempted to passify but it had a contrary effect for his insults
 became So personal and his intentions evident to do me injurey, I Drew
 my Sword at this motion Capt Louis ordered all in the boat under arms,
 the fiew men that was with me haveing previously taken up their guns
 with a full deturmination to defend me if possible--The grand Chief
 then took hold of the Cable & Sent all the young men off, the Soldier
 got out of the perogue and the 2nd Chief walked off to the Party at
 about 20 yards back, all of which had their bows Strung & guns Cocked-
 I then Spoke in verry positive terms to them all, principaly addressing
 myself to the 1st Chief, who let the roape go and walked to the Indian,
 party about, 100 I again offered my hand to the 1st Chief who refused
 it--(all this time the Indians were pointing their arrows blank-) I
 proceeded to the perogue and pushed off and had not proceeded far
 before the 1st & 3r Chief & 2 principal men walked into the water and
 requested to go on board, I took them in and we proceeded on abot a
 Mile, and anchored near a Small Island, I call this Island Bad humered
 [Clark, September 25, 1804]
 25th Septr
 a fair morning the wind from the S. E. all well, raised a Flag Staff &
 made a orning or Shade on a Sand bar in the mouth of Teton River for
 the purpose of Speeking with the Indians under, the Boat Crew on board
 at 70 yards Distance from the bar The 5 Indians which we met last night
 Continued, about 11 oClock the 1 s & 2d Chief Came we gave them Some of
 our Provsions to eat, they gave us great quantites of meet Some of
 which was Spoiled we feel much at a loss for the want of an interpeter
 the one we have can Speek but little.
 Met in council at 12 oClock and after Smokeing, agreeable to the usial
 Custom, Cap Lewis proceeded to Deliver a Speech which we oblige to
 Curtail for want of a good interpeter all our Party paraded. gave a
 medal to the Grand Chief Calld. in Indian Un ton gar Sar bar in French
 Beefe nure Black Buffalow Said to be a good man, 2 Chief Torto hon gar-
 or the Partisan-or Partizan-bad the 3rd is the Beffe De Medison his
 name is Tar ton gar wa ker
 1. Contesabe man War zing go
 2. do Second Bear = Ma to co que pan
 Envited those Cheifs on board to Show them our boat and Such
 Curiossities as was Strange to them, we gave them 1/4 a glass of
 whiskey which they appeared to be verry fond of, Sucked the bottle
 after it was out & Soon began to be troublesom, one the 2d Cheif
 assumeing Drunkness, as a Cloake for his rascally intentions I went
 with those Cheifs (which left the boat with great reluctiance) to Shore
 with a view of reconseleing those men to us, as Soon as I landed the
 Perogue three of their young men Seased the Cable of the Perogue, the
 Chiefs Soldr. Huged the mast, and the 2d Chief was verry insolent both
 in words & justures declareing I Should not go on, Stateing he had not
 recved presents Suffient from us, his justures were of Such a personal
 nature I felt my Self Compeled to Draw my Sword, at this motion Capt.
 Lewis ordered all under arms in the boat, those with me also Showed a
 Disposition to Defend themselves and me, the grand Chief then took hold
 of the roop & ordered the young warrers away, I felt my Self warm &
 Spoke in verry positive terms Most of the warriers appeared to have
 ther Bows Strung and took out their arrows from they quves. as I was
 not permited to return, I Sent all the men except 2 Inpt. to the boat,
 the perogu Soon returned with about 12 of our detumind men ready for
 any event this movement caused a no. of the Indians to withdraw at a
 distance,--Their treatment tome was verry rough & I think justified
 rough ness on my part, they all left my Perogue and Councild. with
 themselves the result I could not lern and nearly all went off after
 remaining in this Situation Some time I offered my hand to the 1 & 2
 Chief who refusd to recve it. I turned off & went with my men on board
 the perogue, I had not progd. more the 10 paces before the 1st Cheif
 3rd & 2 Brave men waded in after me. I took them in & went on board we
 proceeded on about 1 mile & anchored out off a willow Island placed a
 guard on Shore to protect the Cooks & a guard in the boat, fastened the
 Perogues to the boat, I call this Island bad humered Island as we were
 in a bad humer.
 [Clark, September 26, 1804]
 26th of Septr Set out early and proceeded on--the river lined with
 indians, came too & anchored by the particular request of the Chiefs to
 let their Womin & Boys See the Boat, and Suffer them to Show us some
 friendship--great members of men womin & Children on the bank viewing
 us--Those people are Spritely Small legs ille looking Set men
 perticularly, they grease & Black themselves when they dress, make use
 of Hawks feathers about thier heads, cover with a Roab each a polecat
 Skin to hold their Smokeables, fond of Dress, Badly armed. ther women
 appear verry well, fine Teeth, High Cheek Dress in Skin Peticoats, & a
 Roabe with the flesh Side out and harey ends turned back over their
 Sholdes, and look well--they doe all the Laborious work, and I may say
 are perfect Slaves to thier husbands who frequently have Several wives-
 Capt Lewis & 5 men went on Shore with the Chiefs, who appeared to wish
 to become friendly they requested us to remain one night & see them
 dance &c.--in the evening I walked on Shore, and Saw Several Mahar
 Womin & Boys in a lodge & was told they were Prisones laterly taken in
 a battle in which they killed a number & took 48 prisoners--I advised
 the Chiefs to make peace with that nation and give up the Prisoners, if
 they intended to follow the words of their great father they promised
 that they would do So--I was in Several Lodges neetly formed, those
 lodges are about 15 to 20 feet Diametr Stretched on Poles like a Sugar
 Loaf, made of Buffalow Skins Dressed about 5 oClock I was approached by
 10 well Dressed young men with a neet Buffalow Roab which they Set down
 before me & requested me to get in they Carried me to ther Council
 Tents forming 3/4 Circle & Set me down betwn 2 Chefs where about 70 men
 were Seated in a circle, in front of the Chief 6 feet Square was
 cleared & the pipe of peace raised on forks & Sticks, under which was
 Swans down Scattered, the Flags of Spane & the one we gave them
 yesterday was Displayed a large fire was made on which a Dog was
 Cooked, & in the center about 400 wt of Buffalow meat which they gave
 us,--Soon after, I took my Seat the young men went to the boat &
 brought Capt Lewis in the Same way & placed him by me Soon after an old
 man rose & Spoke approveing what we had done. requesting us to take
 pitty on them &C. answered--They form their Camp in a circle
 The great Chief then rose in great State and Spoke to the Same purpos
 and with Solemnity took up the pipe of peace and pointed it to the
 heavens, the 4 quartrs and the earth, he made Some divistation, &
 presented the Sten to us to Smoke, after Smokeing & a Short Harrang to
 his people we were requested to take the meat, and the Flesh of the Dog
 gavin us to eat--We Smoked untill Dark, at which time all was cleared
 away & a large fire made in the Center, Several men with Tamborens
 highly Decorated with Der & Cabra Hoofs to make them rattle, assembled
 and began to Sing & Beat--The women Came forward highly decerated with
 the Scalps & Trofies of war of their fathes Husbands & relations, and
 Danced the war Dance, which they done with great chearfulness untill 12
 oClock, when we informed the Chief we intended return on bord, (they
 offered us women, which we did not except) 4 Chiefs accompanied us to
 the boat and Staid all night--Those people have a Description of Men
 which they Call Soldiars, those men attend to the police of the Band,
 Correct all vices &. I Saw one to day whip 2 Squars who appeared to
 have fallen out, when the Soldier approached all appeared give way and
 flee at night they Keep 4 or 5 men at different distances walking
 around their Camp Singing the acursenes of the night all in Spirits
 this evening wind hard from the S E
 I saw 25 Squars & Boys taken 13 days ago in a battle with the Mahars,
 in which they destroyed 40 Lodges, Killed 75 men & boys, & took 48
 prisones which they promised us Should be delivered to Mr. Durion now
 with the Yankton _____, we gave our Mahar interpeter a few alls & &. to
 give those retched Prisonis, I saw Homney of ground Potatos a Spoon of
 the Big Horn animals which will hold 2 quarts.
 [Clark, September 26, 1804]
 26th Septr. 1804 bad hd Isd.
 26th of September Wednesday 1804
 Set out early proceeded on and Came to by the wish of the Chiefs for to
 let their Squars & boys See the Boat and Suffer them to treat us well
 great number of men women & Children on the banks viewing us, these
 people Shew great anxiety, they appear Spritely, generally ill looking
 & not well made thier legs & arms Small Generally--they Grese & Black
 themselves with coal when they dress, make use of a hawks feather about
 their heads the men a robe & each a polecats Skins, for to hold ther
 Bais roly for Smokeing fond of Dress & Show badly armed with fuseis &.
 The Squaws are Chearfull fine lookg womin not handson, High Cheeks
 Dressed in Skins a Peticoat and roab which foldes back over thir
 Sholder, with long wool. doe all ther laborious work & I may Say
 perfect Slaves to the men, as all Squars of nations much at war, or
 where the womin are more noumerous than the men--after Comeing too
 Capt. Lewis & 5 men went on Shore with the Chiefs, who appeared
 desposed to make up & be friendly, after Captain Lewis had been on
 Shore about 3 hours I became uneasy for fear of Some Deception & sent a
 Serjeant to See him and know his treatment which he reported was
 friendly, & thy were prepareing for a Dance this evening
 The made frequent Selecitiation for us to remain one night only and let
 them Show their good disposition towards us, we deturmined to remain,
 after the return of Capt. Lewis, I went on Shore I saw Several Maha
 Prisoners and Spoke to the Chiefs it was necessary to give those
 prisoners up & become good friends with the Mahars if they wished to
 follow the advice of their Great father I was in Several Lodges neetly
 formed as before mentioned as to the Bauruly Tribe--I was met by about
 10 well Dressd. yound men who took me up in a roabe Highly a decrated
 and Set me Down by the Side of their Chief on a Dressed robe in a large
 Council House this house formed a 3/4 Cercle of Skins well Dressed and
 Sown together under this Shelter about 70 men Set forming a Circle in
 front of the Chiefs a plac of 6 feet Diameter was Clear and the pipe of
 peace raised on Sticks under which there was Swans down Scattered, on
 each Side of the Circle two Pipes, The flags of Spain 2 & the Flag we
 gave them in front of the Grand Chief a large fire was near in which
 provisions were Cooking, in the Center about 400 wt. of excellent
 Buffalo Beif as a present for us
 Soon after they set me Down, the men went for Capt Lewis brough him in
 the same way and placed him also by the Chief in a fiew minits an old
 man rose & Spoke approveing what we had done & informing us of their
 Situation requesting us to take pity on them &c which was answered The
 Great Chief then rose with great State to the Same purpote as far as we
 Could learn & then with Great Solemnity took up the pipe of peace whin
 the principal Chiefs Spoke with the pipe of Peace he took in one hand
 Some of the most Delicate parts of the Dog which was prepared for the
 feist & made a Sacrifise to the flag--& after pointing it to the
 heavins the 4 quarter of the Globe & the earth,, lit it and prosist
 presented the Stem to us to Smoke, after a Smoke had taken place, & a
 Short Harange to his people, we were requested to take the meal put
 before us the dog which they had been cooking, & Pemitigon & ground
 potatoe in Several platters. Pemn is buffo meat dried or baked pounded
 & mixed with grease raw Dog Sioux think great dishused on festivals.
 eat little of dog pemn & pote good we Smoked for an hour Dark & all was
 Cleared away a large fire made in the Center, about 10 misitions
 playing on tamberins. long sticks with Deer & Goats Hoofs tied So as to
 make a gingling noise and many others of a Similer kind, those men
 began to Sing, & Beet on the Tamboren, the women Came foward highly
 Deckerated in theire way, with the Scalps and Trofies of war of ther
 father Husbands Brothers or near Connection & proceeded to Dance the
 war Dance which they done with Great Chearfullness untill 12 oClock
 when we informed the Cheifs that they were fatigued &c. they then
 retired & we Accompd. by 4 Chiefs returned to our boat, they Stayed
 with us all night. Those people have Some brave men which they make use
 of as Soldiers those men attend to the police of the Village Correct
 all errors I saw one of them to day whip 2 Squars who appeared to have
 fallen out, when he approachd all about appeared to flee with great
 turrow at night thy keep two 3 4 or 5 men at deffinit Distances walking
 around Camp Singing the accurrunces of the night all the men on board
 100 paces from Shore wind from the S. E. moderate one man verry sick on
 board with a Dangerass abscess on his Hip. all in Spirits this eveninge
 In this Tribe I saw 25 Squars and boys taken 13 days ago in a battle
 with the mahars in this battle they Destroyd 40 lodges, killed 75 men,
 & Som boys & children, & took 48 Prisones Womin & boys which they
 promis both Capt. Lewis and my Self Shall be Delivered up to Mr. Durion
 at the Tribe, those are a retched and Dejected looking people the
 Squars appear low & Corse but this is an unfavourabl time to judge of
 them we gave our Mahar inteptr. Some fiew articles to give those Squats
 in his name Such as alls needle &. &c.
 I Saw & eat Pemitigon the Dog, Groud potatoe made into a Kind of
 homney, which I thought but little inferior--I also Saw a Spoon made of
 a horn of an animile of the Sheep kind the spoon will hold 2 quarts.
 [Clark, September 27, 1804]
 27th of Septr. 1804--The Bank as usial lined with Sioux, gave the 2
 principal Chiefs a blanket & a peck of Corn each, Capt Lewis
 accompanied the Chiefs to their Lodges, they informed us that a great
 part of their nation had not arrived, & would arrive to night and
 requested us to Delay one Day longer, that they might See us
 I rote a letter to Mr. Durion, & prepared Some Commissions & a meadel &
 Sent to Captain Lewis--at 2 oClock Capt Lewis retuned with 4 chiefs & a
 Brave man named War-cha pa--after a delay of half an hour I went with
 them on Shore, they left the boat with reluctiance (we Suspect they are
 treacherous and are at all times guarded & on our guard) They again
 offered me a young woman and wish me to take her & not Dispise them, I
 wavered the Subject, at Dark the Dance began as usial and performed as
 last night. womin with ther Husbands & relations cloths arms Scalps on
 poles &c. &c. Capt Lewis joined me & we continued until about 11 oClock
 and 2 Chief accompaned us to the boat I with 2 Cheifs was in a Perogue
 going on board, by bad Stearing the parogu Struk the Cable with Such
 force as to brake it near the anchor (Cap Lewis) and 3 or 4 men on
 Shore, I had all hands up and was Compelled to Land--the Chief got
 allarmed & allarmed the Indians the 1s Chief & about 200 men Came down
 in great hast armd and for action, and found it was false, about 20 of
 them Camped on Shore all night--this allarm Cap Lewis & well as my Self
 viewed as the Signal of their intentions, one half on guard, our
 misfortune of loseing our anchor obliged us to lay under a falling in
 bank much exposed to the Accomplishment of the hostile intentions of
 those Tetons (who we had every reason to believe from ther Conduct
 intended to make an attempt to Stop our progress & if possible rob us-)
 Peter Crusat who Spoke Mahar came in the night and informed me that the
 mahar Prisoners told him that the Tetons intended to Stop us--We Shew'd
 but little Sign of a knowledge of there intentions.
 [Clark, September 27, 1804]
 27th of Septr. Thursday 1804
 I rose early aftr a bad nights Sleep found the Chief all up, and the
 bank as usial lined with Spectators we gave the 2 great Cheifs a
 Blanket a peace, or rethr they took off agreeable to their Custom the
 one they lay on and each one Peck of Corn after Brackfast Capt. Lewis &
 the Chiefs went on Shore, as a verry large part of their nation was
 Comeing in, the Disposition of whome I did not know one of us being
 Suffcent on Shore, I wrote a letter to Mr. P. Durion & prepared a
 meadel & Some Comsns. & Sent to Cap Lewis at 2 oClock Capt. Lewis
 returned with 4 Chiefs & a Brave man named War cha pa or on his Guard.
 when the friends of those people die they run arrows through their
 flesh above and below their elbous as a testimony of their Greaf after
 Staying about half an hour, I went with them on Shore, Those men left
 the boat with reluctience, I went first to the 2d Chiefs Lodge, where a
 Croud Came around after Speeking on various Subjects I went to a
 princpal mans lodge from there to the grand Chiefs lodge, after a fiew
 minits he invited me to a Lodge within the Circle in which I Stayed
 with all their principal men untill the Dance began, which was Similer
 to the one of last night performed by their womn which poles on which
 Scalps of their enemies were hung, Some with the Guns Spears & war
 empliments their husbands in their hands
 Capt. Lewis came on Shore and we Continued untill we were Sleepy &
 returned to our boat, the 2nd Chief & one principal man accompanid us,
 those two Indians accompanied me on board in the Small Perogue, Capt.
 Lewis with a guard Still on Shore, the man who Steered not being much
 acustomed to Steer, passed the bow of the boat & peroge Came broad Side
 against the Cable & broke it which obliged me to order in a loud voice
 all hands all hands up & at their ores, my preempty order to the men
 and the bustle of their getting to their ores allarmd the Cheifs,
 togethr with the appearance of the men on Shore, as the boat turnd. The
 Cheif hollowered & allarmed the Camp or Town informing them that the
 Mahars was about attacting us. in about 10 minits the bank was lined
 with men armed the 1st Cheif at their head, about 200 men appeared and
 after about 1/2 hour returned all but about 60 men who Continued on the
 bank all night, the Cheifs Contd. all night with us--This allarm I as
 well as Captn. Lewis Considered as the Signal of their intentions
 (which was to Stop our proceeding on our journey and if Possible rob
 us) we were on our Guard all night, the misfortune of the loss of our
 Anchor obliged us to Lay under a falling bank much exposd. to the
 accomplishment of their hostile intentions P. C--our Bowman who Cd.
 Speek Mahar informed us in the night that the Maha Prisoners informed
 him we were to be Stoped--we Shew as little Sighns of a Knowledge of
 their intentions as possible all prepared on board for any thing which
 might hapen, we kept a Strong guard all night in the boat no Sleep
 [Clark, September 28, 1804]
 28th of Septr 1804 Friday I made maney attempts in defferent ways to
 find our anchor without Sukcess, the Sand had Covered her up, we
 Deturmined to proceed on to Day--and after Brackfast we with great
 Dificuelty got the Chiefs out of the boat, and when we were about
 Setting out the Class Called the Soldiars took possession of the Cable-
 the 1st Cheif was Still on board and intended to go a Short distance up
 with us, was informed that the men Set on the Cable, he went out and
 told Capt Lewis who was at the Bow, they wanted tobacco The 2d Chief
 Demanded a flag & Tobacco which we refused to give, Stateing proper
 reasons to them for it, after much rangleing, we gave a Carrot of
 Tobacco to the 1st Cheif and he to the men &lurked the Cable from them
 & proceeded on under a Breeze from the S E. we took in the 3rd Cheif
 who was Sitting on a Sand bar 2 miles above--he told us the Rope was
 held by order of the 2d Chief who was a Double Spoken man--Soon after
 we Saw a man rideing full Speed up the bank, we brought him on board, &
 he proved to be the Sun of the 3d Cheif, by him we Sent a talk to the
 nation, explanitory of our hoisting the red flag under the white, if
 they were for Peace Stay at home and doe as we had Derected them and if
 they were for war or deturmined to attempt to Stop us, we were ready to
 defend our Selves (as I had before Said)--we Substituted large Stones
 in place of an Anchor, we came to at a Small Sand bar in the middle of
 the river and Stayed all night-I am verry unwell I think for the want
 of Sleep
 [Clark, September 28, 1804]
 28th of September 1804 Friday
 Made many attemps in different ways to find our Anchor but could not,
 the Sand had Covered it, from the misfortune of last night our boat was
 laying at Shore in a verry unfavourable Situation, after finding that
 the anchor Could not be found we deturmined to proceed on, with great
 difficuelty got the Chiefs out of our boat, and when we was about
 Setting out the Class Called the Soldiers took possession of the Cable
 the 1 s Chief which was Still on board & intended to go a Short
 distance up with us, I told him the men of his nation Set on the Cable,
 he went out & told Capt Lewis who was at the bow the men who Set on the
 Roap was Soldiers and wanted Tobacco Capt. L. Said would not agree to
 be forced into any thing, the 2d Chief Demanded a flag & Tobacco which
 we refusd. to Give Stateing proper reasons to them for it after much
 difucelty-which had nearly reduced us to hostility I threw a Carot of
 Tobacco to 1 s Chief Spoke So as to touch his pride took the port fire
 from the gunner the Chief gives the Tobaco to his Soldiers & he jurked
 the rope from them and handed it to the bows man we then Set out under
 a Breeze from the S. E. about 2 miles up we observed the 3rd Chief on
 Shore beckining to us we took him on board he informed us the roap was
 held by the order of the 2d Chief who was a Double Spoken man, Soon
 after we Saw a man Comeing full Speed, thro the plains left his horse &
 proceeded across a Sand bar near the Shore we took him on board &
 observed that he was the Son of the Chief we had on board we Sent by
 him a talk to the nation Stateent the Cause of our hoisting the red
 flag undr. the white, if they were for peace Stay at home & do as we
 had Derected them, if the were for war ore were Deturmined to Stop us
 we were ready to defend our Selves, we halted one houre & 1/2 on the S.
 S. & made a Substitute of Stones for a ancher, refreshed our men and
 proceeded on about 2 miles higher up & came too a verry Small Sand bar
 in the middle of the river & Stayed all night, I am Verry unwelle for
 want of Sleep Deturmined to Sleep to night if possible, the men Cooked
 & we rested well.
 [Clark, September 29, 1804]
 Capt. W. Clarks Notes Continued as first taken-
 29th of September Satturday 1804--Set out early Some bad Sand bars, at
 9 oClock we observed the 2d Chief with 2 men and Squars on Shore, they
 wished to go up with us as far as the other part of their band, which
 would meet us on the river above not far Distant we refused to let one
 more Come on board Stateing Suffient reasons, observd they would walk
 on Shore to the place we intended to Camp, offered us women we objected
 and told them we Should not Speake to another teton except the one on
 board with us, who might go on Shore when ever he pleased, those
 Indians proceeded on untill later in the evening when the Chief
 requested that the Perogue might put him across the river which we
 agreed to--Saw numbers of Elk on the Sand bars today, passed an old
 Ricara Village at the mouth of a Creek without timber we Stayed all
 night on the Side of a sand bar 1/2 a Mile from the Shore.
 [Clark, September 29, 1804]
 29th of Septr. Satturday 1804
 Set out early Some bad Sand bars, proceeded on at 9 oClock we observed
 the 2d Chief & 2 principal men one man & a Squar on Shore, they wished
 to go up with us as far as the other part of their band, which they
 Said was on the river a head not far Distant we refused Stateing verry
 Sufhcint reasons and was plain with them on the Subject, they were not
 pleased observed that they would walk on Shore to the place we intended
 to Camp to night, we observed it was not our wish that they Should for
 if they did we Could not take them or any other Tetons on board except
 the one we had now with us who might go on Shore when ever he pleased-
 they proceeded on, the Chief on board askd. for a twist of Tobacco for
 those men we gave him 1/2 a twist, and Sent one by them for that part
 of their band which we did not See, & Continued on Saw great numbers of
 Elk at the mouth of a Small Creek Called No timber (-as no timber
 appeared to be on it.) above the mouth of this Creek the Parties had a
 Village 5 years ago,--The 2d Chief Came on the Sand bar & requested we
 would put him across the river, I Sent a Perogue & Crossed him & one
 man to the S. S. and proceeded on & Came too on a Sand bar on about 1/2
 mile from the main Shore & put on it 2 Sentinals Continud all night at
 anchor (we Substitute large Stones for anchors in place of the one we
 lost) all in high Spirits &c
 [Clark, September 30, 1804]
 30th of September Sunday 1804 had not proceeded far before we
 discovered an Indian running after us, he requstd to go with us to the
 Ricaras, we refused to take him, I discovered at a great Distanc a
 great number of men women & Children decending a hill towards the river
 above which the Chief with us told us was the other Band, Some rain &
 hard wind at about 10 oClock we anchored opposit the Camps of this band
 and told them we took them by the hand, and Sent to each Chief a Carrot
 of Tobacco & Some to the principal men and farther Said that after
 Staying with the band below 2 days to See them we had been badly
 treated and Should not land again, as we had not time to Delay--refured
 then to Mr. Durion for a full account of us, and an explination of what
 had been Said, they appeard ansioes for us to eat with them and
 observed they were friendly we apoligised & proceeded on under a Double
 reafed Sale--the Chief on board threw out to those that ran up Small
 pieces of Tobacco & told them to go back and open thier ears, We Saw
 great number of white guls--refresh the party with whiskey, in the
 evening we Saw 2 Indians at a Distance, The boat turned by accident &
 was nearly filling and rocked verry much, allarmed the Indian Chief on
 board who ran and hid himself, we landed & the Indian express a wish to
 return, we gave him a Blanket Knife & Some tobacco and advised him to
 keep his men away, we camped on a Sand bar. verry Cold & windy-
 [Clark, September 30, 1804]
 30th of Septr. Sunday 1804.
 Set out this morning early had not proceeded on far before we
 discovered an Indn. running after us, he came up with us at 7 oClock &
 requested to come on bord and go up to the recorees we refused to take
 any of that band on board if he chose to proceed on Shore it was verry
 well Soon after I discovered on the hills at a great distance great
 numbers of Indians which appeared to be makeing to the river above us,
 we proceeded on under a Double reafed Sail, & Some rain at 9 oClock
 observed a large band of Indians the Same which I had before Seen on
 the hills incamping on the bank the L. S. we Came too on a Sand bar
 Brackfast & proceeded on & cast the ancher opposit their Lodgs. at
 about 100 yards distand, and informed the Indians which we found to be
 a part of the Band we had before Seen, that took them by the hand and
 Sent to each Chief a Carrot of tobacco, as we had been treated badly by
 Some of the band below, after Staying 2 days for them, we Could not
 delay any time, & refured them to Mr. Duron for a full account of us
 and to here our talk Sent by him to the Tetons, those were verry
 Selecitious for us to land and eate with them, that they were friendly
 &c. &. we appoligised & proceeded on, Sent the peroge to Shore above
 with the Tobacco & Delivd. it to a Soldr. of the Chief with us Several
 of them ran up the river, the Chf. on board threw then out a Small
 twist of Tobacco & told them to go back & open ther ears. they recved
 the Tobacco & returned to their lodges--we Saw great numbers of white
 guls this day is cloudy & rainey--refresh the men with a glass of
 whisky after Brackfast.
 we Saw about 6 miles above 2 Indians who came to the bank and looked at
 us a about 1/2 an hour & went over the hills to the S W. we proceeded
 on under a verry Stiff Breeze from the S., the Stern of the boat got
 fast on a log and the boat turned & was verry near filling before we
 got her righted, the waves being verry high, The Chief on board was So
 fritined at the motion of the boat which in its rocking caused Several
 loose articles to fall on the Deck from the lockers, he ran off and hid
 himself, we landed he got his gun and informed us he wished to return,
 that all things were Cleare for us to go on we would not See any more
 Tetons &c. we repeated to him what had been Said before and advised him
 to keep his men away, gave him a blanket a Knife & Some Tobacco, Smokd
 a pipe & he Set out. we also Set Sale and Came to at a Sand bar, &
 Camped, a verrey Cold evening, all on our guard